Social Model Of Disability

1373 Words6 Pages
The concept of disability is complex. Disability can be intellectual, physical, sensory or fall under the umbrella of a mental illness and can be temporary, fluctuating or permanent. Models of disability provide a framework for understanding disability and the two most used models of disability are The Medical Model and the Social Model of Disability. This essay will examine the medical and social models of disability and will identify the key differences between them, with a focus on childhood disability and question the impact of diagnosing and labelling a child with a disability through the Medical Model of Disability alongside the positive effects it may also bring, in comparison to the Social Model of Disability, which identifies the systemic barriers and seeks to remove restrictions by differentiating between ‘impairment’ and ‘disability and highlight how the impact of living with a disability can be exacerbated by the attitudes found in society, which may limit disabled people from having equal opportunities. The Medical Model of Disability physically diagnoses a person with a disability, which labels the person as defected or impaired Montgomery, H. and Sheehy, K.(2014 p168) Post-diagnosis, the disabled person is labeled as having a 'problem ' and it is therefore assumed they may have difficulties throughout their life and may need constant medical intervention or in the case of disabled children, alternative education Montgomery, H. and Sheehy, K.(2014 p170)The
Open Document