Moreover, differences in cultural capital makes the structures of inequality extremely stable as working class individuals struggle to match the syntactic and lexical constructions of the upper socioeconomic classes. While the those on top utilize elaborated codes that express unique perspectives, the working class grow up learning a restricted code that is context dependant. Schools also enforce an elaborated code, causing working class students such as the Brothers to struggle in school, lacking the cultural capital
Discussion about Social class and poverty in America According to the textbook of Introduction to sociology, a social class is defined as a social ranking according to the economic position in which achieved characteristics can influence social mobility. Sociologist Daniel Rossides describes five social class: the upper class, the upper-middle class, the lower middle class, the working class and the lower class. Social class is decided by achieved and ascribed characteristics, and we can change our class by achieved work. Social class has powerful impacts on a person’s life. Ascribed characteristics (like race, age, family composition, gender) decides the one’s class.
As cited by Chee and Barraclough in their book, gender inequalities and stratification of social class manifested the lack access to health care of the women in the developed countries. This is due to the women’s low status, control over the resource, subordination and lack of power (Ojanuga and Gilbert 1992; Ojikie 1994; Lewallen and Courtright 2002). Based on this judgment, capital is the key for having the best health care. However, differences and inequalities in social classes causes the women that falls into the lower class faced barriers in seeking a quality health. But, as for the women with high social class, they can have the best care for their health because they have capitals.
Extended period of employment among the citizen and work casualization has significantly increase low class population. It can be said that as a result of new market structure, there have be a change in the social composition of cities. This new change reflects in increased socio-economic segregation of the city. As such changes are determined based on the interest of the upper class stratum in most case against the interest of other society classes (Madanipour
Throughout history certain social and political interactions have become repetitive and somewhat regular among humans. The various different ways that all humans choose to treat each other socially and politically have shaped the patterns of the events that are controlled by them. Politically, the patterns of interactions have to do with the way they shape political platforms and the decision that they conduct based on the interaction (Victor, 2018). Socially, for example, something as simple as handing somebody else a basic item to help them out is performed similarly every time with slight differences that may impact the outcome of the situation greatly (Bode, Sutton, Lacey, Fennell, & Leonards, 2018). Political interactions have always,
It is significant because they shape political observations and activities. Governments can help shape political culture and general sentiment through instruction and recognition of the past. If we consider that political culture influences in a determinant way to achieve a democratic consolidation and a true and quality democracy, we find out that every society create a particular form of explaining the world and all the phenomena that exists, which means that each society creates its own culture. Democracies offer individuals the opportunity to play part in the process of decision making, and, in order to do so, it is essential political participation. This involves political culture.
In return the middle-class encourage subordinated groups i.e. lower-classes (stratum) to also alter their habits, because this gives the middle-class the access to power they associate with upper-class sentimentalities. The lower-classes, if not openly encouraged to change, become indirectly oppressed by the actions of the middle-classes. Who want to do the “right” or “noble” thing in order to appear moral, or who aspire to imitate those they admire. Because of this, they become the unaware propagators and pawns of trickle-down and trend-based distinctions.
In every existing society today, the essence of social inequalities is prevalent. These inequalities range from class, gender, income, wealth to race. Together they are created by social construction, where a society creates and develops perceptions of an individual or a group. In the midst of these social inequalities, the one that had an immense impact on me personally is racial inequality which underlines how our society defines race and how traits are treated and translated into categories (Replogle 2018). In other words, people are categorized based on common biological characteristics, like skin, hair and eye color.
Social fragmentation is very much present in today’s society and can lead to massive cultural and societal erosion. According to Booker (2012), “The world you see outside of you is a reflection of what you have inside of you.”The lack of equity within the nation, civil societies, communities, institutions, schools and even the household is seriously increasing social fragmentation. With social cohesion declining, this will increase the rates of social exclusion. Resulting in the less fortunate not benefiting from new opportunities created within the economy; thus leading to increased corruption, crime and lawlessness. In most cases the poor looses trust within the systems of the country whether economic, social or educational, they may even
Orhungur (1990) emphasised that the socio-economic status of the family plays a significant role in determining their cultural background. An individual’s perception about the society and his interaction with it is mainly determined by his childhood experiences at home. A child’s personality is moulded chiefly by the family set up and its socializing nature (Abosede M. Ewumi). The kind of motivation the students receive from their diverse environments has a great influence on their attitudes to education and educational practices. Hence it is clear that students’ attitude and performance is dependent on the stimulus the home provides.