CzarNicholas II abused his power by forcing the peasants to work for his own benefit. He did not use his power to better the society around him. The use of power for self benefit is also portrayed by Mr. Jones. In Animal Farm, Old Major describes Mr. Jones’ actions of neglection and selfishness. “He sets them to work, he gives back to them the bare minimum that will prevent them from starving, and the rest he keeps for himself.
There is an evil landlord – Li Ruzhen; good party activist – Young Chang; and peasant activists – Tie Suo, Lengyuan, Beigou. It is Tie Suo that becomes the leader of the fight against the abusing landlord, as well as lowering the tenant fees and the loan interests. Tie Suo’s struggle reflects a very clear image of the political activity of the CCP. Zhao Shuli shows the peasants taking matters into their own hands, however, they only achieve this level of class consciousness and political awareness after being inspired by the Party
The Marxist aspect sees the English Civil War and Revolution as an important part of the development from a feudal to a capitalist state in Britain. The events between 1640 and 1660 was a revolution where feudalism was destroyed, and replaced with a state that held a wider system of agrarian and industrial capitalism. By 1660, it was quite common for farmers to rent the land they lived and worked at. With state-sponsoring of enclosing common lands, more and more farmers were forced to become landless wage-labourers. Enclosure of common lands means that usage of the land is restricted to the owner, and not for common
The very social structure of the Congress coupled with many other petty interests of the leadership alienated the dalit community from the National Congress movement. The frustrated elements in the Congress movement have thus formed Congress Socialist Party and later it became Communist Party of India in 1939. Though, there was some differences with the national movement regarding the approach to World war etc., the mass base mainly consisting of the downtrodden of the society, the Communist Party could sail over. On independence, the Communist party of India denounced the independence and staged war against the feudal, bourgeois government in power. Armed struggles were erupted in many parts of India including Punnapra Vayalar, Telengana, Sreekakulam etc.
The legalization of Bantu education forced Bantu or non-white youth to the unskilled labour market. The education facilities were separated by race and dominated by racial conflict in the form of protests and later intensified resistance. 1.1B) The Group Areas Act Racial capitalism meant depriving non-whites from access to free land by introducing The Group Areas Act, Act No 41 of 1950 and the Land Act of 1913. The aim of the legislation was to infringe on the property rights of non-whites who were already restricted in a number of ways. Black labours were forced into unfree labour market and impoverishment.
For the great part of Queen Victoria’s reign the East End in London was ignored by the Church. The people who used to live there did not know any soap and were not even able to wash their linen. 70 The Industrial Revolution not only created more wealth, but created more poverty. Poor people can not live in London because life for them is very horrible. Many people came from the farms to live in London to be thieves or to work in dirty factories and earn little wages.
From the beginning of the Narmada Bachao Andolan the conflict between the state and the adivasi raised and through this andolan sangath were not only talking about for free access to lands and forests but they also started to talk about the unfriendly development done by the state. This andolan also helped the Bhils and the Bhilalas to work collectively, women played a very vital role and even the wealthy landowners (patidars) were the origin of resources and income for andolan. At last World Bank got influenced by the popularity of the andolan to look into it and finally it was decided by World Bank to stop the work related to Narmada dam. However it is a very famous environmental movement but yet the andolan somewhere clashed because of the unclear objectives. The representatives of this andolan had different objectives at local, Sangath and the Andolan level.
Hence, it is a very important of the society. The TRIPPS agreement had made it mandatory for India to bring in a separate law for the protection of plant varieties and farmers rights. This is where the Parliament of India enacted The Protection of Plant Varieties and Framers Rights Act, 2001. Today, we have observed many farmers committing suicide due to failure of their crops. The main reasons why they tend to commit suicide is high amount of debts and failure of the crops leading to depression where they tend to suicide.
Land reform usually refers to redistribution of land from the rich to the poor. It basically includes regulation of ownership, operation, leasing, sales and inheritance of land. The major objective of land reforms was or colonial forms of landownership, often by taking land away from large landowners and redistributing it to landless peasants. Other goals include status of peasants and coordinating agricultural production with industrial programs. After India’s independence, the Government took some serious incentives to practice land reforms.
India is a country which has been under rule of the Afgaans, the Mugals and then the Britishers. Each ruler left behind it’s marks. During the British Raj Indians suffered a lot, many social evils ruled and the early 20th century was probably the last straw, where people wanted freedom & desired to start life with a fresh note. Yet, many evils were still there. These evils were the Socio Economic Deprivation – Lack of Education & major poverty especially in the rural areas made farmers & laborers prone to cruel exploitation, mostly at the hand of zamindars (land owners) & money lenders; the moneylenders would make a fool out of poor farmers