When anyone says the word ‘relationship’ the first thing that pops into everyone’s head is boyfriend, girlfriend or marriage, but there are many different kinds and forms of relationships. For example, relationships can be with friends, teachers, coworkers, ect., and there are different forms of relationships aswell like, mutualism, which is a relationship where all the organsims benefit, or parasitism, which is a relationship where one partner benefits and the other is harmed. In the short novella Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck and in the novel Tuesdays with Morrie by Mitch Albom the reader sees the common theme of relationships,whether they be good or bad. In the short novella Of Mice and Men Steinbeck shows many positive relationships, an example of a positive relationship would be the two main characters George and Lennie.
Bell said “instead of feeling free, twenty-something women are weighed down by vying cultural notions about the kind of sex and relationships they should be having in their twenties” (28). When more and more people accepting the idea that women should enjoy but not trust too much in men, the whole social standard for women in their relationships shifts and changes. The context gives the pressure for the whole group of people in society follow the guideline it has. In Bell’s study, young women have to follow the general social standards due to the social standard is changing with context changing. Pressures for young women, such as pressures about sexuality, often comes from the big environment.
Romantic relationships pose many difficult questions to their participants; people are asked to compromise and change their attitudes, behaviors, and even beliefs, for the sake of their partners. Individuals in relationships can be found projecting their ideals onto their partners, superimposing their own desires onto their partners’ identities. A particularly difficult obstacle in romance is one’s family life and upbringing. Family dynamics, cultural identity, and specific circumstance shape a person’s approach to interpersonal relationships. Poet Warsan Shire and singer-songwriter Mitski Miyawaki, who performs as Mitski, both explore the influence of their family on their identity and their experiences in romantic relationships.
The World State in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World values social stability above anything else, and the motto "Community, Identity, Stability" reflects this idea. Mustapha Mond, one of the World State's leaders, states that to maintain this stability, individuals must sacrifice real feelings and emotional attachments. The significance of "community" and "identity" in the motto is that they are essential for achieving stability in society. The World State creates a sense of community by conditioning its citizens to think and act alike, while also promoting a strong sense of identity through the caste system. These concepts are essential to maintaining social stability, as they prevent dissent and ensure that everyone is working towards the same goals.
Social stability is not worth the price that the people of the World State have to pay, but there are numerous benefits to the way they live. In the World State everyone is equal and treated the same; at the cost of being forced to live a certain way and work certain jobs, without the opportunity to change. The economy is substantial because of the consumerism in their society, everyone being encouraged, almost forced, to buy the same games and products. While every person in the society is essentially happy, apart from a few individuals; there is no progress.
Brave New World by Aldous Huxley is a dystopian novel written in 1932 outlining what society would be like if we used scientific advancements to create a “perfect” society. The story is set in the future in England. Society is broken up into castes called epsilon, delta, gamma, beta, and alpha. Members of each caste have a separate role to play in their society. From the stage of fetal development, steps are taken to separate the castes and make them best suited for the work they do.
“Is social stability worth the price?” The novel Brave New World infers that keeping in mind the ultimate goal to obtain stability, every individual undergoes the process of becoming a drone. "Designing" these mechanical people is to stabilize society as a whole, however at what cost? Opportunity is the key to being human.
Inside and beyond the myth and the social impact of the subject as One or Substance. Alan H. Goldman’s essay ‘Plain Sex’ is a central contribution to the academic debate about sex within the analytic area, which has been developing since the second half of the ‘90s in Western countries. Goldman’s purpose is encouraging debate on the concept of sex without moral, social and cultural implications or superstitious superstructures. He attempts to define “sexual desire” and “sexual activity” in its simplest terms, by discovering the common factor of all sexual events, i.e. “the desire for physical contact with another person’s body and for the pleasure which such contact produces; sexual activity is activity which tends to fulfill such desire of the agent” (Goldman, A., 1977, p 40).
Unlike Brave New World, social classes or groups occur naturally in today’s society. For example, in a school, students are put into different social groups for numerous reasons: intelligence, level of creativity or artistic ability, physical appearance, athleticism, or the outsiders who are not a part of the idealistic society. Once someone is categorized into a group or multiple groups, he or she will likely remain there for the rest of a school career. These groups, while not as uniform as those in Brave New World, are still able to prolong stability. Stability is maintained because of the stereotypes created about divergent groups.
One common recreational activity that is programmed to promote “happiness”, and is encouraged at a very young age, is sexual promiscuity. When humans in the “New World Society” are children, they are kept in a different type of school than children are today. A school where they are conditioned to act like their social class, learn their job, and to be raised; since there are no such things as families. Children would “discover each other” at “recess” through erotic foreplay. “‘The nurse shrugged her shoulders.
The way my aunt Diane and my uncle John met was like a scene taken out from a movie. During the era of drive in movie theaters, in 1979, my aunt was stood up by her date and my uncle stepped in to take his place. She was 14 and he was 16 and the moment they met somehow defined the rest of their lives. In 2017, I’m the age of 19 and I’ve never been to a drive in movie theater—not even the one a couple miles from Cal Poly. I couldn’t imagine meeting a potential significant other in such an atmosphere but the social norms exhibited in my family’s relationships are a lot different from the norms of me and other millennials today.
The two articles present very different perspectives on sex ethics in the Jewish tradition, one perspective is more traditional and the other one is influenced by the changes of the modern world. In Lamm’s article a sexual encounter either follows or breaks the rules of the Halacha. By contact, Green’s article describes a spectrum between the forbidden and the ideal sexual experiences. Lamm’s article makes the point that the old purpose of “perpetuating the family, the faith, and the human race” is no longer the goal of sex now that people use contraception. This goal has been replaced with the pursuit of having fun.
There are many times when I have been in situations where I could think sociological, but I did not until my first sociology class, which happens to be this one. Because of this, I have reflected on situations and circumstances from the past and concurring everyday life. These examples include being on an elevator, coming to college and meeting new people, having interviews with people of higher power, watching movies, such as The Breakfast Club, Sociologically, norms can be defined as shared expectations or unwritten rules. They can be Mores, which is right versus wrong, or Folkways, meaning polite versus rude. Norms govern behavior, collective, and includes sanctions.
Sociosexuality is a measure of mating strategies describing individual differences in sexual attitudes, beliefs and behaviours (Penke & Asendorpf, 2008; Simpson & Gangestad, 1991; Webster & Bryan, 2007). Some people are unrestricted in sociosexuality and are more willing to engage in short-term mating, and these people are more likely to value traits related to physical attractiveness more than people restricted in sociosexuality (Buss & Schmitt, 1992; Gangestad & Simpson, 2000; Jonason, Valentine & Li, 2012; Li & Kenrick, 2006; Simpson & Gangestad, 1992). Changes in mate preferences over time can provide information of changing values, as well as reflect cultural values (Lei, Wang, Shackelford & Buss, 2011; Kamble, Shackelford, Pham & Buss, 2014). How big gap there is between male and female preferences can also depend on the culture, and nations with greater levels of gender equality have smaller sex-differences (Eagly & Wood, 1999; Zentner & Mitura, 2012). However, that females prefer acquirement of resources more than males, are seen as universal across cultures (e.g. Badahdah & Tiemann, 2005; Buss, 1989; Khallad, 2005; Lei, Wang, Shackelford & Buss,