Personality is, "the pattern of enduring characteristics that produce consistency and individuality in a given person" (pg. 438). In part, it is the behaviors that make us unique and set us apart from one another. It is also, what drives us to act consistently in a variety of settings. There are few different theories and approaches to understanding on personality and personality traits and why we behave the way we do Psychoanalytic theory is, Freud 's theory that, "unconscious forces act as determinants of personality" (pg.
These archetypes were “patterns within the collective unconscious serving to organize our experiences” (Pell). For example, the mother figure has caring qualities and many hold similar ideas as seen across cultures. Furthermore, these archetypes are always in the unconscious mind until nurtured with the events of conscious mind. In spite of the fact, Freud and Jung have such a variety of differences they are extremely similar in the bases of their reasoning. Both of these men utilize analysis as their focal theory of psychology and belief of an unconscious mind overpowering the conscious mind.
Sigmund Freud has contributed many ways and theories to understand humans childhood, personality, memory, sexuality and therapy. In 2001 Time Magazine referred to Freud as one of the most important thinkers of the last century. The first key concept of Psychoanalytic therapy will be human nature. Freud’s perspective of human instinct being deterministic is one of them. The term deterministic or determinism in short intends to be conceived with it, Corey (2009) expressed that "as indicated by Freud, our conduct is controlled by unreasonable powers, oblivious inspirations, and organic and instinctual drives" So Sigmund Freud thought that there is no such thing as human mischance and that future occasion are a consequence of past activity.
The common use of the this theory has been well set up. In a book named Introduction of Psychodynamics, during 1988 the psychologist, HoroWits mentions that his interest and eagerness for psychodynamic began during the 1950s. Hornist widely explained neurotic behaviour and unconscious mental condition are directly correlated with the psychodynamic theory in the daily life. Sigmund Freud focused mainly on sexual feelings and thoughts. Emotional issues generate during the childhood.
Introduction The personality perspective has been described by many theorists in order to explain behaviors behind a functioning person. There has been legendary theorists’ underlying this perspective, with different views and observations of understanding personalities exceptionally well. Regardless of lack of prominence in some approaches, their terminology and ideas still influence psychology today (Meyer, 2008). Only the two theories of Carl Rogers and Victor Frankl have been applied in the case study of Thapelo and Lerato. The Carl Rogers theory of the self-concept will explain the development and structure of personality, whereas Victor Frankl’s theory will explain the meaning of life as a dynamic of personality.
It's a method that he hoped would help his patients, in a way, understand themselves and makes them understand how they interact and behave in the world. Freud's theory is that our actions whether it is accidental and or unpredictable, is in fact, the unconscious doing. Looking at the earlier texts of psychoanalysis, it is very much concerned by the language and meaning; it is the innermost important aspect within sociology and psychoanalysis. The human language focuses on the imperfections of human interactions and communications. These imperfections from human can be in the form of parapraxis, or better known as Freudian slips; a human action made by the unconscious, which fascinated Freud.
Sigmund Freud was the founder of Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic psychological approaches. He discovered the unconscious, the complexity of human ego, and many other psychological theories (BMJ, 1936). The purpose of the therapy was to bring repressed thoughts or conflicts into consciousness, thus helping the patient gain insight into the processes of his/her unconscious. By doing so, it was thought to aid in healing. Psychoanalysis is used today as a treatment while also still being theorized.
Basic Assumptions of Psychoanalytic Theory The first basic assumption of Psychoanalytic theory is that all mental processes are not spontaneous but are determined by the unconscious or pre-existing mental complexes. It assumes that nothing happens accidently and all behaviors are due to unconscious incidences in the minds of the clients. “Another assumption of Psychoanalytic theory is Unconscious motivation. Freudian view suggested that the motivation for any behavior came from the unconscious mind. In addition, it says that typical causes of psychological problems in individuals are from trauma repressed in the unconscious or hidden unresolved issues experienced during early childhood development”.
Freud would usually describe the manifest content as something sexual in nature, but in present day therapy psychologists use the manifest content to gain insight on the individual’s true feelings. Psychoanalysis is also used in psychiatry today. Psychoanalysis helps work empathy into the medical treatment process by exploring the unconscious. If psychiatrists explore an individual’s unconscious they can start to properly asses why the individual is acting the way they are before beginning treatment (Vienna Medical College). Another way psychoanalysis lives in modern day psychology is projective tests.
The initial of contemporary personality theories is known as the psychoanalytic theory developed by Sigmund Freud. Psychology wasn’t the only academic subject influenced by Freud’s theory; it also influenced literature, art, philosophy, cultural studies, film concepts, etc. To comprehend Freud’s theory, it is necessary to begin with the understanding of the unconscious. Freud supposed that most human actions are caused by thoughts, desires and ideas that are in a person’s brain but isn’t necessarily reachable by the conscious part of the mind. The reservoir of these thoughts of which we are unaware is known as the unconscious or subconscious.