Social Psychology: Sigmund Freud's Theory Of Personality

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Chapter 11 covers personality. Personality means the traits that make a person who they are. It is part of our uniqueness. Sigmund Freud came up with one of the first comprehensive theory of personality. He also recognized that our mental life happens outside of our conscious awareness. Psychologists who were influenced by Freud are called neo-Freud. They agreed with Freud that childhood experiences are important, but they reduced the importance of sex and focused further on the social environment and effects of culture on personality. They also founded a lot of their theories of personality on data from their patients. The Five Factor Model is the most common and widely used trait theory today. The five factors are openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. These traits occur along a variety. People who live in individualist cultures are inclined to believe that independence, competition, and personal achievement are very important. People who live in collectivist cultures value the importance on social harmony, respectfulness, and group needs over individual needs. What stood out to me the most about this chapter was reading about the different personality tests. I learned that there are two types of personality tests: self-report inventories and projective tests. Personality test can be used to diagnose certain psychological problems. What I disliked most about this class was reading about humanistic approaches. It was confusing

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