Egypt began around 2575 BC and ended in 1075 BC. Most scholars divided ancient Egypt into three main periods, Old Kingdom (2575 BC - 2130 BC), Middle Kingdom (1938 BC- 1630 BC), and the New Kingdom ( 1539 BC- 1075 BC). Egypt was one of the oldest civilizations. Egypt had many contributions such as medicine, science, and math. Society, today, would be very different without the achievements of Egyptians.
The beliefs and religion of the Sumerians and Egyptians lead to stable conditions for civilizations. The Sumerians were polytheistic, people believing in many gods. There has been over 3,000 gods and goddesses identified. For Sumerians, the most prominent building in the city was the temple. Ziggurats are massive towers dedicated to the chief god or goddess of their city which also stored surplus of food.
The Caelans and Egyptians both created civilizations worth living in because of their ability to bring stability to society through an organized religion. For example, in Caela’s main religion, the elite had a special connection to the gods causing Caela to be formed into a hierarchy with the elite being put on top. As a result of the religion’s impact on the type of social system in Caela, Caela was stable as the elite were the constant rulers and there weren’t questions about successors. In addition, the ruling elite brought stability to Caela through no abrupt changes that elections would cause. Consequently, society was organized as the religion created social classes with the elite having the most power next priests, then in order artisans, farmers, and finally slaves.
Mesopotamia was home of the Fertile Crescent. The first civilization to develop was ancient Sumer. Their empire lasted from around 3000 to 2331 B.C.E. They created many towns in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia. The ancient Sumerians developed many new technologies.
Hatshepsut was the first female pharaoh of ancient Egypt. Born around 1503 BCE in Thebes to Ahmen and Tuthmosis I, Hatshepsut was her mother’s only child and the king’s only legitimate child. When she was twelve, she married her half brother, Tuthmosis II, and served the traditional role of queen, mother and wife. However, Tuthmosis II was weak, sickly and suffered from poor health. In around 1479, after a 15 year reign, Tuthmosis II finally died, leaving behind his wife, daughter and his heir: Tuthmosis III, an illegitimate child who was still an infant.
In El Salvador during the 1970’s the campesinos, the indigent class, were treated as second class citizens by the military and elite classes. To find salivation these people flocked to the Catholic Church for wisdom, love, and protection. To comfort their parish the priests of El Salvador often preached to the people that God wanted them to endure suffering for an eternal reward. However, after continuous violence by the military, priests such as Fr. Rutilio grande and others began to preach a new aspect based on the book of Exodus (3-14).
CHW3M CCA Step1: Mesopotamia/Egypt Paragraph Outline Template Topic Sentence Ancient Egypt possessed a sophisticated and influential religion system that is essential to the growth of a thriving civilization by the cohesive worshipping of multiple deities, the abiding belief and consistent maintenance of Maat, and the intricate performance of the funerary customs. (The outline is not helpful without the TS because it contains your argument) Sub-topic 1: Worship of multiple deities 1. Point
Cyrus Waldrop #27 2-3-16 How the Nile Shaped Egypt The Nile was the most important part of Egypt because it influenced agriculture, created a boundary for safety, and was a highway for travel and trade. It also meant Life or Death for the people of Egypt. They depended on it for things like food, water, a place to wash their clothes,etc. The Nile influenced agriculture for the egyptians because it created fertile land.
The 5,000 year old country of Egypt has long played a pivotal role in world history. Its contributions to humanity during its golden years have permanently placed this country into a “Hall of Fame” for history. The strategic importance of Egypt has made it a gem that foreign rulers have continuously wanted to claim as their own. Unfortunately, Egypt’s golden age burnt out several millennia ago and its people became vassals to empires very different from their own. With Europe of the 18th century showing growing trends of nationalism, Egypt found a new unexpected leader that would drive his populace to reform which would modernize the nation but follow the dangerous paths of many civilizations where a once celebrated ruler would become corrupt and lose the favor of his people in only the span of one lifetime.
The historical date that I selected is 3100 BC which is the approximate date of the creation of the Narmer Palette. I selected this date because the Narmer Palette possesses symbolic depictions of the ancient Egyptian culture. The visuals carved in the palette reveal the details of the unification of Egypt, which is an event that represents the commencement of the ancient Egyptian civilization. The discovery of the Narmer Palette is significant in the world of archaeology as well. There is an abundance of knowledge within the artifacts that are uncovered at ancient civilizations; therefore, what archaeologists know about an ancient culture revolves largely around the items that are discovered through excavations.