Through this carelessness, they were underestimated all through the story. This boundary drives them as minor characters. All through Ramayana Urmila and Mandodari were smothered by their spouses. Thus, the present study is planned to discover the feministic aspects of Ramayana by focusing on the characters Urmila and Mandodari. Feminism in India is an arrangement of developments made for characterizing, setting up, and shielding approaches like political, monetary, and social rights and equivalent open doors for Indian ladies.
Abstract: Dalit literature is a protest against all forms of exploitation based on class, race, sex, caste and community. Dalit literature is about the sufferings of “oppressed class”. Dalit writings help the reader to look in to the sufferings and problems of Dalit people under the clutches of the upper cast. If the woman belongs to dalit community they suffered of two types: first being a woman, second belongs to the lowestcommunity. Therefore it could be said they are “doubly oppressed.” For centuries they have been suffering mutely.
The most important human rights are being violated when women are being deprived. It is one of the most pervasive of human rights violations, denying women and girls equal status, secure living conditions, self-esteem, recognition, and their right to freedom. The aspect of Violence is widely spreading across the spheres of class, creed, religion, income, culture, age and education. Though Violence is forbidden in many societies, when it comes to violation of women’s human rights it is often legitimized under the veil of traditional, cultural and religious practices. The most obvious and habitual form of violence is that which takes place in four walls or at homes which is often ignored or not considered heinous crime and thus a passive response is displayed by the law.
The Colour Purple is known for its depiction of domestic violence, which Walker presents through Celie. But in the course of Celie’s search for truth , she realizes that the culture she has endured in the south is abusive to all women. In this novel the black women are trying to find their place in the world. It is the struggle of women to prove their identity. Celie survive in harsh conditions and becomes strong and self dependent.
One of the most reprehensive subjugation among the so called cultural practices in Nigeria, is the oppression born out of widowhood, poverty is yet another great cause of trauma amongst many Nigerian women, especially among the no/low income earners, polygamy is as well seen to be a great causative agent of psychological disturbances amid Nigerian women chiefly among the northerners, and of course the recent Boko Haram terrorist acts that subjected many Nigerians to psychological distortion. Women in a patriarchal society like Nigeria, are treated with gender subordination which subjects them to experiencing indelible traumas. Trauma, which is today regarded as one of the leading causes of death, is literarily theorized. As such, its theorist
The agony of woman in such a patriarchal society is well expressed by Chitralekha, who undergoes oppression and suppression at the hands of men despite her caste and class superiority. Chitralekha represent the subalternity of woman in masculinist society where she is identified as “other”, or “second sex” despite her high position in the society. Karnad doesn’t adhere to traditional
The Dalits, called by different names like Dasyu, Dasa, Atisudra, Panchame, Tirukutdba, Adikarnataka, Adi Dravidia are actually the ‘Depressed Classes’ of Indian society. They are the people who are economically, socially and politically exploited since centuries. They have been systematically pushed to the periphery by the traditional Brahmanical structure of oppression. This exploitation is due to the discrimination followed by age old caste hierarchical tradition in the Hindu society. It has subjected them to a life of poverty and humiliation.
Quoting Dr. Ambedkar from his article “The Rise and Fall of Hindu Women”, he argues that Hindu religion through its religious texts, such as the Manusmriti always degraded women. He thought of Manusmriti as a text which was anti-women and anti-Dalit text, where women and Dalits are degraded. Hindu scriptures like Ramayana & Mahabharata have women characters who are bold in their ways like Draupadi, Kaikeyi, even Sita for that matter and her decision to go back to mother Earth instead of giving a test of purity are instances where the woman is not agreeing to the norm laid by the society. This sort of portrayal is not given emphasis by our preachers. The character of Kaikeyi is not given any importance as she is a woman of ambition, same for Draupadi.
Being incapable of doing something, not physically strong, not considered human, and being ignored, are how women treated. Cultural and traditional beliefs have deeply influenced the way women are treated in Bangladesh. Masculinity, male’s superiority and cultural beliefs that limit rights are the main factors that drive on gender inequality in Bangladesh.
Be that as it may, she is given second place all over. They are dealt with as subordinates to men. One can argue saying that in our society everything propitious are named after women, but in reality, she is oppressed, subjugated, abused and ill treated in many ways. Sangati, one of her significant novels, is a record of Dalit women encounters of the joint oppression of caste and gender faced by them in all. It is also an autobiography of her