People had both the right and the duty to make whatever changes were necessary to come up with a new government or new reforms to that government to better serve their needs. This is basically was the mindset of the people who believed that reform was need in society. The Second Great Awakening refers to a period of religious revivals at occurred in the United States in the 1830s. After this period, many reform movements took place to better serve society and the people in it. Many reform movements between 1825 and 1850 sought to expand democratic ideals by advocating many social and political changes including movements to prohibit alcoholic beverages, to increase public education, and to support rights for women.
Likewise, King Henry VIII triggered the new branch from lutheranism called anglican, and the church called The Anglican Church which still lives to this day. He also paved way to a new reformed branch called the puritans, which were concerned of purifying the english church of any catholic influence left. This also resulted in many succession issues as the successors to the throne were catholic and protestants. Also many wars between the branches sprung from there. Whilst they had different initial reasons and they had carried out different actions in order to reform Christianity, they had come to create different branches and set into action the forever going changes in that
Protestants and Catholics were constantly trying to reinvent to common social norms that were already in placed in order to please their denomination. In the 1630s the Puritans, led by John Winthrop, settled in Boston with hopes of reforming the Church of England and emplacing their religion and its social values with of those who are already there (primarily Native Americans). Around twelve years later some Puritans, such as Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker, tried to reinvent the morals and theology of the Puritan Community. Years later in the 1730s and 1740s there is a revival called the Great Awakening which focused on reinventing the way people conducted their life and a call for personal choice.
John Eliot and Roger Williams were puritans who worked with the Indians in the mid-1600s in Massachusetts. They both started their work in Massachusetts, but Roger Williams ended up in Rhode Island. When they were working with the Indians, they performed civic duty. A civic duty is the duties or obligations a person has toward his or her society (or community) .While both men thought that the Indians were victims of the English and that it was their civic duty to help the Indians, Eliot thought forcing his religion on the Indians was helping them, while Williams fought for land and freedom of religion for the Indians. Although they were both christian puritans, John Eliots views were thatit was his civic duty to help the Indians by forcing his religion upon them, while Roger Williams though it was his civic duty to help the Indians get religious liberty.
They established the Bible as the sole authority of Christian faith and practice, and put the Bible back into the hands of the people so they could have special access to God’s special revelation for themselves. Not only did the Reformation affect the people at that time, but the Reformation still affects us today, specifically in the ways of politics and law. Because of how important the Reformation is to our history, we really cannot understand our history without studying it. For example, without the Reformation, there wouldn’t be Pilgrim Fathers. Without the Reformation, we would still be reading the Bible in Latin, but due to Martin Luther’s determination and trust in his beliefs, we now can enjoy the Bible in basically any
During the period between 1550 and 1648, the view of the Holy Roman Empire, France, and the Spanish Netherlands shifted to perceive religious diversity as a strength and not as a weakness. Following the bloody civil war between Charles V and the Schmalkaldick league, the Peace of Augsburg took the first steps to reestablishing domestic stability. The contract specified in Document 4 illustrates the town council in Saxony mandating the cooperation of Lutheranism and Catholicism with the Catholic church allowing Lutheran priests to perform sermons in the upper balcony. The system helps to ensure domestic stability which goes in sharp contrast to the war under Charles V for religious uniformity. Therefore, Document 4 illustrates that the city council believed that there could be political stability with religious diversity.
After the civil war, government estiabled different policies. Changes occurred one by one. Between 1860-1900, government policies position the farmers and ranchers in the west not only progress on individual opportunity by giving farmers more land opportunity and educational opportunity, but also setback on individual opportunity by giving farmers poor land resource and less market securing credit. First, government policies made a progress in increasing individual opportunity which specifically about land distribution and education system among the farmers between 1860-1900. For land distribution, one of the policies was the Homestead Act.
People thought Church practices (sale of indulgences) was not allowable. a. John Wycliffe of England and Jan Hus of Bohemia recommended Church reform. b. Europeans were reviewing religious information and also thought about their own opinions about the Church. B. Luther Challenges the Church Luther made a stand towards the actions of friar Johann Tetzel. Luther was in trouble because of Tetzel’s tactics, he wrote 95 Theses(formal statements).
The image above shows one reason why the Indian removal act was enforced because of the phrase, "in God we trust". One big reason why the Indian removal act was enforced was Manifest Destiny. The settlers believed that this new land was given to them by God. Manifest destiny was the belief that God gave this new land to the Europeans. They felt responsibility to spread christianity all over this newfound land.
Martin Luther was a monk. He also was a professor at Wittenberg University. He studied and taught the holy bible to people. He played an important part in the protestant reformation. Martin criticized The Power of Pope and The Extreme Wealth of the Catholic Church.
He had done this to prove that the Catholic Church was Corrupt. As a result some of his followers broke off from the Catholic Church and started the Lutheran Church. This new church helped revive the Christian religion and faith. An accomplishment with a long-term effect would be that because of Martin Luther’s actions, the Christian religion was fixed and the Lutheran religion was created. Basically, Martin Luther made the Bible available to the people and he influenced religious thought throughout
In document E (John Cotton, “Limitation of Government”), the author says that the power of the government should be limited, and that God should have the ultimate power, not men. This reinforces the idea that puritans followed biblical law and based their society on religious ideas because the author of the document even states that religious figures should limit their authority and only do things that will benefit the people. Additionally, in document D (William Bradford), it’s shown that the puritans are not very tolerant of others. The document was written after the colonists attacked a Pequot river village during the Pequot war. The document’s intended audience is to the puritans of Connecticut, who were at war with the Pequot Indians.
Luther continued writing about salvation by faith alone as well as other reforms that he saw needed to occur in the church. As a result, the rift between Luther and those who wanted to defend the authority of the papacy, as well as to protect the lucrative source of income from the sale of indulgences, fueled a growing