The Compromise of 1877 was a corrupt agreement between three powerful southern states and Rutherford B. Hayes that led to him being elected President and the stripping away from African American rights. After the Civil War, “Lives of black slaves had improved greatly and there was hope for emancipation of slaves in those states. However, The Compromise of 1877 took away all hope for slaves.” (Source 8) This “compromise” made slaves’ lives even more difficult than it was before.
Douglass believed that freedom for freed slaves was the ability to make decisions, regardless of the outcome, for one’s self. At the time, many white legislative members, both from the north and from the south, believed that laws needed to be made to regulate the former slave population. The North sought to save them from themselves, while the South attempted to control them back into a form of slavery through sharecropping and forced employment. Douglass instead insisted that the white populace should “Do nothing with us!” and that “[i]f the apples will not remain on the tree of their own strength, if they are…disposed to fall, let them fall!”
Presenting to the 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition, Booker T. Washington delivered his most famous speech, "The Atlanta Compromise Address". In this speech Washington shares his belief that his fellow African Americans and other former slaves should make the best of what they have and to strive to excel in the positions and jobs they already occupy rather than continually fighting for. He insists that the people of the white race also do not see what they have around them. He wants the whites and blacks in south to realize that they need each other and should act in ways to coexist. To convey his belief, Washington uses rhetorical strategies such as the following: the three rhetorical appeals, allegory, and repetition.
Banneker Writes to thomas jefferson about the wrongs of slavery. HIs purpose is to argue against slavery. Banneker does this by using an appeal to logic to prove how slavery is illogical, diction to show the cruelty of slavery, and parallelism to show that they are like the white men who wanted their freedom as well. Banneker shows how illogical slavery is to help create an argument against it. He pulls in the Declaration of INdependence, which Thomas Jefferson wrote, it says “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal…” (lines 21-25).
Slavery and Gender Issues Portrayed in American Literature One of the most important part in the history was slavery. It played a major role in early 1800’s. It was one of the main reasons which caused the Civil war. Before the start of the Civil war, the cotton gin was invented and there was a rapid widespread of the machine, especially in the south. Machines such as the cotton gin required extensive labor and African Americans had supplied the labor.
“Beginning in the late 1870s, Southern state lawmakers passed laws that required Whites and Blacks to attend separate schools and to sit in different areas on public transportation.” (“Jim Crow Laws” 1). People thought these laws were needed because “The Jim Crow system was undergirded by the following beliefs or rationalizations: whites were superior to blacks in all important ways, including but not limited to intelligence, morality, and civilized behavior; sexual relations between blacks and whites would produce a mongrel race which would destroy America;” (“
Abolitionist daily papers and handouts sprang into presence. Where those distributions primary items were about abolitionist bondage, they represented cap subjugation is shrewd socially and ethically and regularly analyses between the works and accomplishments of African American and others to show that Africans and their relatives were as fit for learning as were Europeans and their relatives in America, given the flexibility to do as such. To demonstrate their case that one individual owning another was ethically wrong, they first needed to persuade numerous, in all segments of the nation, that Negroes, the term utilized for the race at the time, were human. Yet, even numerous individuals among the abolitionists did not trust the two races were
Uproar and protest bubbled over in the states after Scott’s failure to obtain his freedom. His case also fueled the North in their battle with the South, since the big topic of the century was “slavery”. They wanted justice for Dred Scott, to rightfully place his ownership in his own hands, to grant him the freedom to live however he pleased and to not have to walk in shackles. Any human should have that basic right, as it says in the constitution. This landmark of a case stood as a breaking point for social reform; motivation to stop the discrimination that ran throughout the country.
William Llyod Garrison is probably the one white abolitionist that everyone will remember, and I really like how Garrison justified Turner’s rebellion. He claimed that it’s only normal for the Africans Americans to be angry and “uncivilized” when they were treated as if they were objects, and it would be hypocritical for people accuse them for their angers. Based on this justification, I see Garrison more as a humanitarian, rather than a diplomat. In the long quote by Garrison, he questioned why the Constitution did not abolish slavery if the Constitution was supposedly the “scared” doctrine that forms the basis of the United States of America.
A big role in the “I have a dream” speech plays the main principles of Constitution and Declaration of Independence. The guarantees of the "unalienable Rights" of "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness" included in these documents were not fulfilled in the case of American Blacks. King again uses a reference to the Declaration of Independence and its first sentence "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal" to make his point about the need for equality among all people, not only Whites. He also uses the text of the song that was the national anthem until 1931.
Woodward brings up the influence the intense pressure coming from the North. During the Civil Right Movement, blacks could vote, hold an elective and appointed offices; this was the time of ‘experiment to rigid uniformity between the whites and the backs that will later come to an end. ”According to Woodward, during the years/decades affords the Civil War, there was no demand of the white population that the freed slaves be deprived and the “white supremacy” be considered as the “rule of the
This is evident through all the slaves being released in the south (reword this). The reliability of this source is apparent through the fact that it was publicized. (Reword and put in more detail). This is further strengthened by famous Historian, Allen C. Guelzo who wrote: “Slavery, in fact graded personally on Lincoln’s self-made passion for work. Similarly Appendix 2 supports this through showing “(put in sources that shows something that happened under the 13th amendment showing that he did bare to make it help free slaves better than he worked on the emancipation proclamation).”
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.
On the other hand, the main point was that slaves planting and picking cotton would heavily boost the economy. There were plenty of other reasons justifying why slavery should be legal, but these were some main points. African-American people during pre-civil war times had a harsh life. Many black people during this time just mainly worked all of their lives non-stop. Thinking back, if slavery still existed now with all of this technology it would be even more wrong than it was before.
One way for the abolitionists to prove slavery should be officially banned. To begin with, William Lloyd Garrison. Garrison favored full political rights for the slaves (pg 423). Alexander Hamilton and Benjamin Franklin also opposed slavery (pg 422). They agreed that slavery trespassed the most basic principle in the Declaration of Independence where it states, “All men are created equal” (pg 422).