Research methodology is the theoretical and systematic analysis of the methods used in a given research. The concept entails more than just the techniques of data collection. Research methodology is a systematic approach that helps to solve the research problem (Kumar 2005, p.44). Research methodology helps to identify which of the methods are relevant to apply, what they mean, why and when they should be used (Mackenzie 2006, p.3). It is a scientific way of analyzing how research is to be conducted.
The important part of the research method is the philosophy, which is chosen considering the context and nature of the study. Some different research philosophies are there such as positivism, pragmatic, interpretivism, and realism. For this study, positivism research philosophy is used and in this method, the controlled approach is focused for the purpose of ensuring that is research study is discussing the context and purpose effectively (Bhattacharyya, 2006). With the help of this research philosophy, the researcher determines the topic and evaluates the method, which is most appropriate for the study under consideration. The purpose of selecting this approach is that it utilises statistical or mathematical method to analyse the data gathered.
Research is a way of gathering information and acquiring knowledge whether from the traditional sources or scientific method. However, scientific methods are more orderly process because it combines induction, deduction, observation and hypothesis testing into a set of reflective thinking activities at which it tries to describe reality truthfully. It is a system of way in producing knowledge. According to Denzin & Lincoln (1994), a qualitative research focuses on interpretation of phenomena in their natural settings to make sense in terms of the meanings people bring to these settings. Overall, a good research is depends on the ability of researchers to conceptualise ideas and how well others understand the concepts used.
Concept 1:- concept of RESEARCH This concept is taken from module 1 title basic research terms and concepts of research Research according to the advanced learner’s dictionary of current English is a careful investigation of inquiry especially thorough search for new facts in any branch of knowledge. Polit and Beck (2012), state that research is a scientific process. It is scientific because the results are verifiable. It is a systematic search for answers to question about fact and relationship between facts. Burns & Grove(1997) in Akinsola (2005) opined that the root meaning of the word research is to search again or to examine carefully.
Along with high levels of poverty, South Africa also has high levels of inequality, and has been ranked as one of the most unequal societies in the world in terms of wealth and education. 6. Other highly unequal societies in the world include the United Kingdom, the United States, Mozambique, Argentina and Singapore. 7. Over 50% of South Africa’s children also live below the poverty line, and are prone to malnutrition.
Research methodology: Research is a systematic and unbiased search for knowledge. Its overall aim is to verify established relationships in different situations, formulate hypothesis and text their validity, and to interpret the test results for drawing inferences and conclusions. For doing all these researcher should follow some methods and techniques. [Abedin, 2005] Research methodology is a vital part of any kind of research. In anthropological research, this method is used to collect the information and is considered the core part of a research.
Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. It may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. In short the system of collecting data for research project is known as research methodology. This includes various steps that are generally adopted by a researcher in studying his research problem along with the logic behind them. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniques but also the methodology.
The questionnaire technique is used to collect data and is able to provide a good result. 1. Question One: "Research can be defined as the search for knowledge, or as any systematic investigation, with an open mind, to establish novel facts, solve new or existing problems, prove new ideas, and develop new theories"( Dawes,2008). There are seven
The scientific method is an approach used by psychologists and researchers who want to have a systematic and objective way of recording and understanding behaviour and any other topic that may be of interest. It is comprised of four main steps that will be discussed below, along with my example research situation. Before a researcher can dive into doing research, s/he must identify a question of interest. The researcher might make an observation of some strange phenomena or even everyday behaviour that begs for an explanation. It might be something they saw, were told or read from previous literature or findings.
The object of research is to extend human knowledge of the physical, biological, or social world beyond what is already known. II. In the case study the method that has been used are: • Quantitative - based on the methods used in the natural sciences. For example: via emails or postal. In this case study the qualitative are applied in this case study.