Women throughout history have been subordinate to men, being seen as a sinful temptation to the wholesome man. Even though women were allowed to vote by the time the 1940’s rolled around, women were far from equal. Instead of having a career, women were expected to be married, have a family, and become a housewife to serve their husbands. In The Second Sex, author Simone de Beauvoir, published in 1949, discusses what it means to be a woman and the hardships and stereotypes they faced. During World War II, 1939 - 1945, women were forced into the workforce due to the fact that countless men were off at war.
Hence their marriages are based on their economic needs and or lust. They believe their economic needs/lust are a better reason for marrying than love. Romantic love is a special right that most people never earn, and in this novel very few characters love purely. Marriage was not about love it was about forming unions between families and moving up in the world, hence women were expected to get married. Pride and Prejudice contends against the judgement of love at first sight, but proposes that the better and far more acceptable kind of love grows
Austen's Pride and Prejudice book shows the differences and similarities of the marriage relationships in the 18th century, through the marriage relationships of Charlotte, Lydia, Jane, and Elizabeth. Jane naturally found someone to marry, her attractive beauty and joyful character helped her easily attract Bingley to her. Young Lydia got married to Wickham, but she did not know anything about marriage yet. Elizabeth fell in love with Darcy because she realized that he is a special person. On the other hand, Charlotte married Mr. Collins because she was looking to be secure.
All of these male characters take actions which are beyond what is acceptable within their social roles as women. The conflict can be driven by involving in the politics of gender, which are t power relation between the sexes and the relative role of each quality symbolically associated with each gender. Women often were considered the weaker sex and in need always of being protected. When married, women were expected to bear children, for childbearing was considered an honor. As head of the household, the husband was allowed to chastise his bigger goal for his country as well as his family.
For many centuries, women have been fighting for equality. Even in the 21st century, we are still fighting for equality, as the men of this nation try to control our lives. In the past, women were not shown the same respect as the men, in the home or the workplace. Woman have always been seen as a man lesser, when we are the same and maybe even more than them. We do not belong in the house, taking care of the children and just fading away; we deserve to have the same jobs as men and be paid the same as the men.
They were not able to enjoy the luxury that was staying home to look after their kids or husband. Another type of women who worked would be those that would work for a few years before they got married and had children. Thus, working was no foreign subject for women by 1940’s. However, working women was not a particularly popular topic as it was seen as inglorious and undignified. This was especially so during the period of the Great Depression, where many women were frowned upon if they worked as they were seen as stealing the already limited work available from men who were assumed as more capable than women (“A Change in Gender Roles: Women’s Impact during WWII in the Workforce and Military (Fall 2012)”, 2012).
Women in the early 1900’s didn’t have very much economic freedom. They were restricted on almost everything they did. They weren’t allowed in the workplace like their partners were so for women to make it, they had to be married. Now, however, women have economic equality with their partners. This can lead to a variety of failed marriages with both partners trying to reach success.
Carrier (1995) found that there was reluctance on the part of senior management to employ certain groups of women due to their current or possible future family commitments. Lane and Piercy (2003) also indicated that male and female societal predefined roles determine their roles in the work environment. Heilman (1997) claimed that it is a common view that men are more focused on getting the work done while women are focused on keeping people happy. Jamieson (1995) also referred to the femininity-competency bind which means that acting in a feminine manner is seen as being incompetent; while being competent is associated with masculine traits and thus being ‘un-feminine’. These double binds have resulted in women continuously self-monitoring themselves, and thus drain the energy that could be applied to more important work related issues (Oakley,
Men and women began to study the classical works of art of classical civilizations. Moreover, gender roles became weaker as some women became scholars and authors. For example, Christine de Pizan became a female author of two books and wrote about women’s education and the reason why women should be educated. In her book, The Book of the City of Ladies, she writes that men who think that women should not be educated are wrong and that not all of the men 's opinions are logical and supported by sense. However, during the Medieval Era, women took care of household duties and did not leave the house frequently.
Women are also stereotyped as stay at home mothers. There is an invisible restriction put on women by men that they can’t be a mother and have a full time job at the same time. Neil French, the WPP Group PLC executive stated women “Don’t make it to the top because they don’t deserve to” and that “women are rarities in the senior corporate positions because most are unwilling to make the personal sacrifices of time and energy required to be the boss” (Maich). The words spoken by this successful male go to show the inequality faced by women every day. Women have an even harder job balancing household obligations and a job.