Social Support Model

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3.5 OBJECTIVES OF THE SCALE The major objective of construction of perceived social support scale was to develop a self-reported paper-pencil test to assess perceived social support among students in the age group of 11-17 years studying in secondary or senior secondary classes under Indian condition. 3.6 IDENTIFICATION OF THE AREAS AND GENERATION OF ITEMS In the development of social support scale, the first step involved was careful identification of areas and selection of items relating to social support. For this purpose, an exhaustive review of literature on social support was made. To achieve objective of construction of perceived social support scale, “Rational- empirical” approach to the instrument development was adopted. 20 students…show more content…
Relationships with teachers can be particularly important to adolescents as they can provide a safe context for support and guidance while transmitting adult values, advice and perspectives (Rhodes, Grossman and Resch, 2000). In this scale, investigator tried to assess students’ perception of the teachers in their schools as opposed to one particular teacher. Besides these, adolescents predominately use the social communication functions of the Internet to make and maintain relationships with peers online (Bargh and McKenna 2004). Research found that Internet based groups- including newsgroups, message boards and social networking sites have been successful in providing support (Brennan, P.F., Moore, S.M., Smyth, K. (1995); Gallienne, R.L., Moore, S.M., Brennan, P.F., (1993); Houston, T.K., Cooper, S., Ford, D.E., (2002)). So, on the basis of reviewed literature on the concept of Social support and interview of students, the perceived social support scale included four sources of social support that offer great assistance to students which are as follows: 1. Family…show more content…
The maximum score for a positive item to be awarded is 3 and least is 1. In case of negative items, the scoring procedure is to be reversed. 3.9 ITEM- ANALYSIS AND ITEM SELECTION Item analysis is a process of analyzing item characteristics in the numerical form on the basis of which items are either selected or rejected in the final form of the scale. The item analysis was carried out in accordance with Kelley’s method (1939) under the following steps: 1. Firstly, all the 100 responded sheets were arranged in descending order from upper score at the top to the lower score at the bottom. 2. Secondly, 27 high score responded sheets and 27 low score responded sheets were taken into consideration to ascertain the internal consistency of the constructed 29 items. The data was analyzed by using mean, S.D and‘t’ test. The items having significant ‘t’ values were selected whereas others were rejected. The correlations of items with total score of the scale have also been obtained. The obtained t-values and r-values are given in the following table: Table 3.3: Item Analysis and Correlation between Items and Total Scores of PSSS Item t-values r Item t-values r Item t-values

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