This paper aims to highlight the agrarian Aryan society as represented in the Vedic literature. The society of the times had agriculture as its main occupation and that is why the literature of the times reflects the practice of agriculture. The main aspects of agriculture have been described in the Vedas, their Samhitas, Aranyakas , the Brahmanas and the Upanishads. Vedic society was an advanced society with good knowledge of various agricultural practices and their significance. This was the reason that different practices were performed in particular ways, and at times ceremoniously.
Every individual could access any category of rights in a function specific manner though the land was controlled by the political authorities in the community. THE COLONIAL ERA Institutions and management of community land by customary law was disintergrated during this period. Colonialists introduced the formal systems of land ownership claiming it had an economic justification. The effects led to customary laws been treated inferior to colonial enactments and the preference of private ownership to communal land. This eventually resulted in colonialists controlling the land.
The lineages of all the people of a village are descendants of the same ancestor. There are ancestral ahiajoku and ndu ichie shrines, and a holder of the ancestral Ọfọ stick for the village. The village government comprises the first tier. Secondly, in most cases, the respective progenitors of a group of villages, in what we may call a town, are believed to be the descendants of a common ancestor, the founder of the town. The villages take their seniority from the seniority of their progenitors.
My home town is a beautiful place. It has a long history and splendid culture, He is Tengzhou. Teng began with Huang Di, named for the territory of the "slugging ". Tengzhou is an ancient land, according to archaeological discoveries, as early as 7300 years ago in the Neolithic period, there have been human reproduction. It was the hometown of Mo-tse, an ancient great thinker, educator, scientist, military strategist and social activist.
The land tenure systems of mailo, freehold, leasehold and crown land ownership that exist in Uganda today were established by the British during the colonial rule. Before colonial rule land tenure was basically governed by customary laws under a semi-feudal tenure system which differed from community to community and the rights were basically communal in Buganda and there existed as well the pastoral customary tenure systems in some parts of the country where grazing were regulated for benefits of all clan members. There was no single individual who owned land, every person and household had the right to access sufficient land for their subsistence. The peasants could move freely and often used this mobility to better their condition. Similarly, the Bakopi were not tied to the soil nor were they
Family legacy and concentration of family wealth in the business also causes family-owned to have less appetite for debt financing (King & Santor, 2008). Features of a family ownership structure The following are the characteristics of family ownership structure. a. A group of people belonging to one or more families run one business enterprise. b.
(Sekhon 2000:39) Risley defines caste as “a collection of families or groups of families bearing a common name; claiming a common descent from a mythical ancestor, human or divine; professing to follow the same hereditary calling, forming a single homogeneous community”. (Hutton 1963:47). 2. Caste System in India The Indian caste system is a classification of people into four hierarchically ranked castes called varnas. They are classified according to occupation and determine access to wealth, power, and privilege.
The payment to land is called rent. What are the importance of land? Land are very important to humans in so many ways because everything we use can be traced ultimately to land. Land may be rightly called the original source of all material wealth. It can be used for agriculture, for building purpose (habitats) for living,
It is in fact a land and water management method for small farms in the natural condition, both in normal times and in crisis. The theory is clearly defined and can be implemented by farmers themselves by following the steps and procedures that have been set. This agricultural development concept became known as the “New Agricultural Theory” before papers were officially published in 1994. As of now, the New Theory has already been tested out at royal development study centers and through royally initiated projects and various agencies have set up demonstration plots all over the country. This has prompted a large part of the Thai population to follow the theory and the results have been quite