As highlighted earlier,when sufficient time passes, such an encounter might become a reality, particularly where the parties belong to the same familial structure. Skelton points out that many sexual offences committed by child offenders are not of a violent nature: “Children sometimes have wrong perceptions about sex and act inappropriately, and in those situations restorative justice can work.” Inadequately trained facilitators/probation officers may cause victim offender mediation or a family-group conference to fail. Poor facilitation may thus lead to parties abusing each other. In addition, grossly disproportionate conditions may be set and even recommended to the court.  Davies et al116 highlights another valid concern, namely that role-players working with the child offender may find it difficult to accept their role in relation to the victim as
School is a safe place for kids to be or it is until drugs infest the school and the people in it. There is an easy way to stop the drugs from entering into kids lives. Drug testing may seem like a waste of time and money, but it’s not. Drug testing in schools helps to stop the drugs influence over kids everywhere. Drug testing helps kids stop long and short term effects along with teaching kids that drugs aren’t worth it, and helping to see who need help and who doesn’t.
A slogan such as ‘Drug addiction doesn’t last forever. You either get clean or die’ could make a drug addict have second thoughts about keep taking them. Besides slogans, prevention programs could also help work to eliminate or reduce risks for drug use. Programs can differ such as programs for adolescents that have not yet abused any drugs and address the dangers and risk of taking them. Another one could be for addicts who are already taking them, and the program could help drug addicts to get over drugs.
Differential Association Edwin Sutherland Theory proports that through interaction with others individuals learn values, attitudes, techniques, motives for criminal behaviour. Two different cultures exist, with one being criminal and the other conventional. Normal learning occurs through verbal and non verbal communication that helps to establish whether attitudes of individuals is favorable to law violation through normal learning processes by individuals who are disposed towards breaking the law. They develop motivation for engaging in criminal activity and attitudes that drives them to deviate. Different cycles of criminality can also influence their lives where criminal behavior occurs with intimate interactions through socialization.
Furthermore, the punishment of the criminal offence could be prison, fines, community sentence and so on. Criminal law is set to deter people from committing criminal offences and to protect people from being attacked by others. Rickard (n.d.) claims that criminal law is being enacted to make sure that people do not use the law to seek for the personal justice by punishing the people which has harm us. For example, maybe someone has been raped by a person. If there is no criminal law, the victim or the family member of the victim could punish or even kill the person by saying that they are doing it only to gain the justice.
Factors such as, environmental, psychological, and social aspects are all possible contributing parts of the problem. One of the more prevalent reasons are socially related factors. These include family relationships, peer pressure, and gangs. Oftentimes, the combination of hormonal changes and a bad family life, are a good mix for trouble in a juvenile. If a child grows up in a home with “...poor parental management, poor supervision, [and] inconsistent discipline, they are at a greater chance of being involved in illegal activities.
criminal theories (Social disorganization and stain theory) Various theoretical perspectives have been advanced to explain how individuals end up committing criminal activities. The theoretical aspects fall into two broad themes. First, there is the explanation that social problems push individuals to engage in crime. Precisely, the environment that one participates in, as well as external factors, forces individuals to participate in evil. The other explanation is based on social responsibilities which indicate that individuals know the difference between the wrong and the right decisions and as such, decide to undertake in crime after making a conscious decision.
The difference is that while utilitarian seeks to discourage wrongdoing, retributive theory seeks to punish offenders because they deserve to be punished. In this case, X committed a crime and should be duly punished but there is also a need to discourage her from committing any more crime especially by addressing the underlying causes of her committing crime. According to utilitarian theories, laws are made to bring happiness to the society. This means that crime and punishment should be kept minimum to ensure there is happiness in the society. The activities of X are criminal and caused sadness to the family of student L. Even though a crime free society does not exist, punishment must be inflicted on wrong doers in order discourage
There are several examples of punishment as follows: • If parents put a punishment of not giving pocket money to their children if they misbehave with someone then there will be very less chances that adolescent will learn this type of behavior. • If government will set a punishment on media for showing violent things then again adolescent will not learn any anti-social behavior because they are not observing any anti-social behavior. Moreover media itself can eliminate negative behaviors if they show hard punishment for doing violent
Besides, teenagers’ parents can censor or filter the media that teenagers have viewed. Once parents have done this so their kids will be grow up in a good health and good ethic life. Consequently, teenagers should think deeply and take prudent consideration of the negative effects of media that can influence