Social Theory Of Crime

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The choice theory, as the name suggests, relies on decisions individuals make after weighing the positive and negative outcomes of committing certain actions, before the crime is actually committed. According to Siegel (2012), the choice theory is rooted in the school of Cesare Beccaria. Siegel (20120 also postulated that crime is a decision to violate any law and can be made for a variety of reasons such as need, thrill-seeking or vanity. Status offenders therefore have the choice to indulge in these activities and will engage them given they may not be caught– they do it for the thrill seeking. While those who choose to commit these acts because of peer pressure and bad influences, may become criminals when they turn adults. The social structure…show more content…
On the other hand, the social structure theory looks on the social and economic background of an individual and determines if they will become criminals or commit criminal acts. With this theory however, if a child is in the lower class, for example, they might be more susceptible to truancy. Since they are at the lower end of the socioeconomic ladder in society, they will be of the view that they need to be able to provide some form of income in their household and becoming truants may appear to be the most obvious choice. Children are not the only ones who commit crimes of these natures. A parent, who might also be in the same lower class status, having more than one child, unemployed, being a single parent and unable to provide for their children, then they might forcefully withdraw their child or children – a female child for example, whom they can use for prostitution, in order to provide for their…show more content…
If the parents or guardians of children, who are status offenders, do not inform the child about the consequences of their behavior, they be arrested because of their actions, they can also face other health implications as mentioned before. Health consequences, such as cancer, sexually transmitted diseases – which are the outcome of having either unprotected sex or multiple sex partners, learning disabilities, to name a few, can affect them when they go on into adulthood. However, certain measures placed can ensure that some of these status offenses are not committed by the youth of Jamaica. In relation to those who are underage drinkers, the parents are the ones who are the main influencers of their child’s actions. By parents educating their child about the consequences of underage drinking, then they can reduce the risks associated with alcohol drinking. Ensuring that proper procedures – such as checking valid forms of identification, ensuring they are not able to enter parties, are carried out by persons hosting parties, the child should not be exposed to school drinking at such an early age. As well as persons should be 18 years, an older to purchase any form of alcohol and again provide a valid form of
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