• Key strategies of the educational reform include offering free meals to students during the school day providing free schools to the poorest areas, improving teachers training programs, standardizing progress assessment and improving learner’s standard of living. 9. Advises to the government I think the poverty rate in South Africa is very high so here are a few strategies that the government should take in order to reduce poverty: Getting skills can offer valuable services that will be more likely to be rewarded for their effort than those who drop out of school and who are unskilled so the governments must introduce programs that are going to motivate the youth to be educated.
Despite the great wealth the United States possesses, it has for long struggled with poverty which is said to be inherited from one generation to another. The culture of poverty hinders those affected from economic betterment however much assistance they obtain from social programs put in place. The term Culture of poverty is believed to have been coined by Oscar Lewis, who suggested that children who grow up in poverty-stricken families are highly likely to adopt the norms and practices that encourage poverty. Thus, these children, he believed, would replicate the adapted values in their lives which would in turn generate a cycle of intergenerational poverty in the long run (Bell et al, 2013). Thus the culture of poverty is a topic which creates heated debates in both the public and political arenas.
A good example is when a child is born to a poor and uneducated parent; firstly, the parents might not be able to put the child through school as a result of their financial incapability also the cognitive development of the child can also be hindered as result of the parenting styles of the uneducated poor parents. A study carried out by Dahl and Lochner (2012) involves the use of the instrumental variable approach to determine the extent of the relationship between what the family earns and the development of the child. They controlled various confounding variables by inferred that the income a family earn has an independent causal link to how a child develops. Also Plug and Vivjerberg (2005) added that the family income has a significant on the outcomes of children in schools using the adoptee data. The children adopted by high income earning families usually outperform the children adopted by poor
In many countries, employing children or teens, keeps them out of trouble and teaches them to keep a strong work ethic. An obvious reason of child employment would be poverty. In countries where the sole breadwinner only brings home a dollar a day, it 's helpful to have multiple income sources. To expand on that point, Nadira Faulmuller of Oxford University, mentioned in her article that, “The main cause for children doing work is poverty – ‘their survival and that of their families depend on it’.
The term "child labor" has become associated with the use of children in organized employment settings in fields such as the trades, manufacturing, agriculture, or domestic work. In most cases, children who work for paid employment do so out of economic necessity. Child labor was commonplace in the household, and children were routinely sent away to serve as apprentices and domestic labor for wages at ages as young as eight or nine in many cultures. Modern objections to child labor began within a few decades after the Industrial Revolution took hold in Great Britain. Critics of child labor in the nineteenth century charged that children took jobs from men, who needed the wages to support their families.
-Nowadays we are more focused on our jobs and living in this century prices are high, so we do not have enough money or time to produce as much children What has changed after this significant event? -The actual baby boomers produced less children -These factors included divorces, more job opportunities for females and daycares prices increased Why are we still mentioning this event to this day? -We still mention this event because canada’s population is made of Baby Boomer generation, parents of Baby Boomers and Generation Y. -Children of Baby boomers now have to worry about paying for their parents, using their savings on their parents care -Knowing that baby boomers live longer, the amount of health issues that baby boomers deal with -This means that most of our taxes goes to these elders to pay for their health
Paragraph one with be about how the American dream has become no longer achievable with a source to help prove the point. “The labor turmoil and difficulties of the transition back to peacetime production caused a short but sharp recession from 1920 to '21, with unemployment briefly exceeding 11%.However, the situation soon turned around, thanks in no small part to Commerce Secretary—and future President—Herbert Hoover's success in convincing major industrial leaders to voluntarily increase wages and production in order to pull the entire economy out of its slump. By 1922, the economy was growing robustly, a pattern it would follow more or less continuously until the Great Crash of 1929.” (Shmoop) As time progress I need to make the point that the economy changes creating divides between economic classes.
In the early twentieth century the United States went through a emense growth due to the amount of jobs that were avalibale for people through industralization like railroads, coal mining, and steel. Industralization pushed farming aside and independent agriculture and instead focused on factory production as the new way for the economy and draw more people towards a new working class. Industralization influenced many Americans because they were “ Drawn to factories by the promise of employement, a new working class emerged in these years, between 1870 and 1920, almost 11 million Americans moved from farm to city, and another 25 million immgrants arrived from overseas”(Foner, 2017). Industralization was a huge part of peoples everyday lives and was essential that people work so that products can be made and be carried out by city to city. Americans were influenced by the new series of technological innovations that were
(OECD organization for economic Co-operation and development), the average income of the richest 10% of the population was approximately 9 times that of the poorest 10% compared to the global economic crisis. " Across most OECD countries, the income gap between the rich and the poor has widened over the past three decades". OECD(2012) A sad but true circumstance is that a child’s future economic standing is often closely related to the income level of his or her parents. Socio-economic background depends highly on this suggesting that its background plays a strong role in the development of children’s skills and abilities , and in lower income countries that may affect their future.
In most societies, women are expected to be the chief responsible for most of the unpaid care work in a family, as they are generally considered as a “natural caregiver”. In a family, men are generally considered as breadwinners, while women are considered as caregivers. Even though it seems that there is little direct link to the question of this article, in order to help us find the answer, it is essential to understand that unpaid care work is a major contributing reason that cause women inequality and poverty (Manzini 22002). Social construction of patriarchy may be the reason that causes the current situation (Antonopoulos 2009). More importantly, she states that the characteristic of heavily-gendered care work done at home may transfer the same impact on the market.
The inquiry students and families are making is if higher education worth the price, time and investment? By focusing on student debt the author overlooks a deeper problem that has to do with how much students need to reciprocate once their education is finished. Scholar Philip Oreopoulous refutes the popular media claim that every student is in debt due to borrowing too much capital. He argues,
This increase contributed to the debt and the loss of land that farmers struggled with, which have been expressed in the emergence of the People’s Party. Not only does technology contribute to the economic inequality in the past, but it continues to contribute to the financial frustrations in the modern century. With property prices soaring above its original value, most working-class Americans cannot afford to buy houses (American Workers Struggling). Middle-class members struggle to pay for rent, groceries, appliances, education, and technology; practical necessities that are important to their daily lifestyle. With technology increasing its expenses for services such as wifi, it creates more difficulty for working-class citizens to improve their vertical mobility.
During the years 1880-1920 there were many issues because of urbanization and industrialization. The industrial revolution brought many new job opportunities with low wages making companies focus on women and children. These opportunities were available but at a cost, they were paid less and they were forced to work up to ten hours. The industrial giants made labor a tough and unfair lifestyle. They wanted more riches, but they were making people suffer in order to obtain the money.
I was amazed to read that in the affluent school, some of the children mention they will rather not be rich. Rich meant that they could not work and they will rather work since they liked working. In the executive school, I was bothered by the comment that a teacher stated. A teacher associated low-income children with discipline problems. I think that teacher generalized an observation he