While reading this book, if the students are allowed to say the n-word as they please, this will cause the African- American students to resent the teacher, and the class because they feel attacked. The use of this word, along with any other demeaning words should not be allowed use in the classroom (Wallace 18). 3. Scattered all throughout Huck Finn are the core ideas of discrimination against African-Americans during slaver. Not only is there an excessive use of the derogatory n-word that is used over 200 times, Huck also feels like he is sinning for bonding with a runaway slave who, at the time, was seen as an object rather than a human being in the eyes of society at this time (Editing the Classics 1).
White Southerners were full of resentment over the changes that they saw and, after Reconstruction, began working to re-establish clear boundaries between blacks and whites. Black Americans socialized and worked with other black Americans, setting up schools, churches, and neighborhoods where they felt most comfortable and free from the racism they experienced around whites. Whites wanted to gain their power back, and were willing to act violently, and even killed for that to happen. Society became segregated, angry, separate, and
As a matter of fact, already from the very beginning -in ships that brought slaves from Africa to the Caribbean- people from the same tribe were kept separated and then, once arrived in the mainland, they were scattered and mixed with others in order to avoid possibility of communication and revolts. This, for example, dramatically destroyed the continuity of their social order as well as their communal way of life. Furthermore, the experience of slavery itself deprived them from any spirit of enterprise or even self confidence: they underwent a deep psychological transformation that left them at the mercy of the colonizer. (Hiro, 1991) It is, therefore, possible to talk about a proper “[…] loss of identity, which has been integral to the Caribbean experience […]” (Hall, 1990:224-5). Quoting Hiro (1991:74) “[…] imperialist Europe had banished the abundant cultural heritage of Africans underneath centuries of slave trade.
City of Maycomb is a cruel and harsh place to live, due to the environment that people are racist and thinks that the white people have more power than the black people.Not getting a full equal right is not fair. During the Tom Robinson’s trial, people only said that he was guilty because he was a black man; while Ewell was white. Many black people has thought that it was unfair to not get equal rights, the white people made something called “separate but equal”. Which is impossible to be. White people thought that giving both of the race a school, but a different school with different supplies and school condition.
This practice, which is only exacerbated by the fact that white children raised by black women grow up to become privileged white masters who continue the cycle, degrades the black women’s sense of self-worth and lead them to disregard their maternal instincts. The authors of the case study concluded that “the implicit assumption is that the ideology of apartheid creates circumstances for feelings of incompleteness and inferiority among this group of Blacks. Thus, apartheid has been created by the White racist minority to oppress and psychologically devastate the mental health of
Education is known as one of the main socializing factors, according to Emile Durkheim. Schooling has two effects, for children to learn basic facts and for children to learn to be a part of group. In the case of Bantu Education, black children were learning to be submissive in the world; through this Bantu education they were learning their “place” in the apartheid structure. Before the apartheid, an education for black people was severely discouraged because that is how the white elite maintains their authority and control over black people. School segregation was prioritized, and schooling was separated by ethnicity.
The oppression of black people according to Fanon deals with psych-analytic theory to show the dependency of black people. The work by Fanon explains the divided state of black subject’s mind that constantly faces the divide. These black subjects are devoid of any true identity or self-esteem. Thus these natives in the white world are now ready to embrace the culture of Europe. It produces an inferiority complex so they in a white world become abnormal, because their self is denied to them and moreover depicted as villains by whites in their magazines, papers and cartoon forces blacks to internalize their inferiority.
The feeling of self-hatred was dangerous for their healthy development. Margret Walker rightly observed that : With segregation the white child was educated to regard race as more important than humanity, and the black child was educated to regard a white world as superior to his own. And thus, taught to hate himself. (Walker, Margret, 49) The protagonist of Native Son, Bigger Thomas lives in a slum area of Chicago’s ‘Black-Belt’. Dey Manak Kumar rightly observes : “The blacks live in a dingy, segregated dirty, polluted, rat infested area.
A white person was considered to have greater taste and quality, which influenced the assumption that all blacks were immoral beings and not trusted to be around white women. Scout’s brother Jem explained the class division of Maycomb by categorizing the four types of people in the town’s society. In relations to the Jim Crow laws, the people who were ranked from highest to lowest of respect were the Ordinary, Poor, live off the government, and finally at the bottom of degradation were black people. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Maycomb considered the black people to be unsuccessful, African-American, and least respectable as Jem stated, “You know something, Scout? I’ve got it all figured out, now.
As seen through this quote the whites have an inherent belief that the blacks are lower-ranking people and therefore will generalize and assume that all black South Africans are the inferior group of people. The major difference in the two different races is that the whites are considered as legitimate members of society whereas the blacks are treated as marginalized members of society. As a result, it instills fear into the minds of the blacks in South Africa: “The sun pours down on the earth, on the lovely land that man cannot enjoy. He knows only the fear of his heart.” (p.67) The blacks are afraid because they know the do not have legitimate access. Therefore, they feel compelled to commit illegal acts to gain access to simple resources such as the use of