Societal change occurs when one person or a group of people decide it's time to stand up against a norm, to engage in deviant behavior in order to change the pace of time. These deviances become known as social movements. Some of the biggest social movements include The Civil Rights Movement, The Women's Rights Movement, and The Environmental Movement. All of these have had a significant impact on society as a whole, after all, neither black persons nor females would have near the rights they do now had these movements not taken place. But, how and why do social movements become so big? In “This is an Uprising” Engler and Engler constantly bring up the difference between a movement and an organization. But which one is more successful? The …show more content…
These three major components are what make a movement so acknowledged and are framed in Engler and Engler’s book. Disruption is described as the factor that employs outbreaks and momentums (145). The nine black students definitely did this and, although unintentional, it was a crucial part of their reformation. The moment the black students stepped onto the high school’s campus was when the riots broke out resisting this change, hence the disruption. Although the nine students did not themselves disrupt, they caused a disruption of the higher class, which is more influential than the other way around. Secondly, the minority students sacrificed their safety, their families safety, and their education by being some of the first African Americans to integrate in school. They went to a school where everyday was a threat to their safety; they risked getting punched, tripped, shamed, or even killed by the overwhelming amount of white students. Their families were taunted and threatened by other white parents on top of being beaten in the mobs. Their education was jeopardized because they were constantly distracted by the dangers and whites around them, this could have caused mental health issues and a lowered grade average. Also interesting is that in doing this act, the students consequently put other blacks in the reign of …show more content…
Hybrid movements use strategic methods to create a movement that has both mass force and structure. One example of a successful hybrid revolution is Optor. Engler and Engler suggested “Optor developed a type of momentum driven organizing” and further explains it as having disruptive power while maintaining mass mobilization (65). The mass protests, which often times included pranks and disruption, were carefully planned to the brink. Their slogans, pranks, and locations suggested the movement planned for everything. Having a hybrid, allows the revolt to be free yet structured in a sense that the members feel connected to what the movement is trying to pursue. The hybrid nature grants the possibility to have multiple objectives and hence, many supporters join because of this. All in all, the change made through structures mass mobilization can create many more possibilities than simply relying on organization or disruptive protests. Optor was successful in the overthrow of Milosevic because of their structured strategies and clever pranks that recruited and kept many
The impact of this major historical event changed schools all over the world by assisting the desegregation of public schools to take a huge step forward in the South. Although, there have been issues with gentrification, which is the arrival of wealthier individuals migrating into an urban district, causing the rents and property values to increase and changes in the character and culture of the district. These drastic changes can sometimes verse desegregation back to segregation because many of these urban areas are populated with African Americans who are in poverty and the wealthy who are majority Caucasian. This migration will begin to take over forcing the African Americans to move out due to the increase of rent.
When the Little Rock Nine were met with such fierce racism and hatred but still went to Central High, African Americans were inspired to fight for desegregation
The women’s rights movement in the 1900’s fought for women’s right to vote and equality, for the most part. Women of color and women of different religions were sometimes excluded and Alice Paul, the leader of the National Women’s Party was no exception “Paul 's charismatic speaking and organizing abilities won her and the National Woman 's Party many supporters, but her domineering elitism, aloofness, anti-Semitism, and dilution of black women 's participation in the suffrage fight evoked criticism from others” (“Commentary on Alice Paul”). So, my advice to Alice is when fighting for equality you can not forget about groups of people and dismiss them. They deserve the same rights as you. this way, in the future it will make it easier for these groups of people that are already fighting against injustice to improve their lives, instead of fighting against what leaders of the time say.
For the next few months, the African American students attended school under armed supervision. Even so, they faced physical and verbal abuse from their white peers’’(Source B).This demonstrates how people got together and protested along with the African American students on how the segregationists were being racist and treating them like they were nonexistent. This also shows how the segregationists were ignoring the fact that others were disagreeing with them, but they were mainly focused on being inconsiderate and treating the ‘’Little Rock Nine’’ poorly because they were Negros. After All, the Little Rock Showdown displayed how the segregationists treated the Negro students unequally because they were just as qualified to go to school with white
Chavez generalizes that masses of people have involved “in their own struggle throughout the movement “and free men and women “instinctively prefer democratic change to any other means,” which is “our best way of avoiding senseless violence.” By doing so, Chavez creates the idea of organized protest as both peaceful and effective, and therefore, makes nonviolence better than violence. To back these generalizations, Chavez uses Gandhi’s credibility. He paraphrases Gandhi in saying that boycott is the “most nearly perfect instrument of change.” Overall, Chavez makes a generalized claim that is easily rational, but locks it down with a quote from the famous nonviolent advocate Gandhi.
These individuals retaliate with spite in their hearts and only want to achieve chaos as their primary goal. Yet, this mentality of violent protesting undermines the solidary among communities and negatively impacts the righteous cause. Violent protesting demonstrates the implementation of a short-term strategy to show the accumulation of anger and frustration among communities. The 1992 Los Angeles Riots demonstrated a prime example of the release of the accumulative of anger and frustration among the African American community. According to Bert Useem, a professor of sociology at Purdue University, the acquittal of four police offers from the assault case of Rodney King triggered the response of the Los Angeles Riots (Useem, 1997, p.357).
Civil rights, political and social freedom and equality, something many African Americans had to fight for. There were boycotts, sit-ins, teach-ins, freedom riders and many other events where people took a stand and stood their ground, but the one that really caught the attention of others was the Little Rock Nine. All the different situations where people were fighting against Jim Crow Laws started with something that was most likely over equality. These students were all about fighting for an equal education, and believed they should be taught in the same room, with the same lessons, and with the same teachers as any other white student.
The most common approach for movements to achieve their purpose and goals would be through strikes, boycotts, sit-ins, other strategies. The NDLON carried a different approach in which the founders believed it would be best to educate laborers on the impact that the social conditions that they receive will benefit them. The article, “When Workers Take The Lead” by Nik Theodore, states “The system is sensitive to the social and political characteristics of knowledge, and through processes of collective learning, enables day laborers to increase their understanding of the social conditions that make an impact on their lives and prepares them to transform those conditions”(Theodore 3). This approach taken by the NDLON is one which is not common
Rebellions can drive people out and can lead to many other people dying for not cause at all and to be shown with no improvement in our social progress as a whole. In conclusion, Oscar argues that disobedience is a valuable human trait and that it promotes social progress and also how rebellion and disobedience can lead to positive changes in the economical and social viewpoint. It can help learn from history and help us expand our way of mind and people can learn a few new things from it also. It many lead down a pathway in which it improves lives as well our society for positive changes and help us unite with other people to fight what in we believe
Martin Luther King vs. Malcolm X Philosophical Differences In the 1900s, as racism had become more and more apparent, leaders started to rise up in attempt to change society’s opinion which led to and increasing amount of people becoming involved in the Civil Rights Movement. Many had conflicting ideas about how to eliminate racism, and as people became bolder with their beliefs, different strategies started to emerge. Two ideas among many were the main tactics used to convince people that segregation should be stopped. These two ideas were sprung from the minds of two different men, Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. When equal rights were not established, protests and marches were the major uses of displaying indignation towards racism.
Some groups connect straightforwardly to only a couple key leaders or constituencies, while others act all the more by implication by broadcasting their message to as wide a group of people as could be expected under the circumstances. Gamson and Wolfsfeld (1993) proposed that social movements depend on the media for three fundamental functions, (1) assembly of political bolster, (2) legitimisation (or acceptance) in the mainstream discourse, and (3) to widen the extent of contentions. Consequently, the quality and nature of the media scope that social movements acquire unequivocally impacts how they are seen in public – to the degree that great or terrible coverage can make or break a social movement (p.114). In relation to the Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement, it can be argued that mainstream media outlets have had both a positive and negative effect on the national organisations growth and aim to rebuild the Black Liberation Movement.
Everyone in class agreed that people rebel when a value of theirs is thwarted. Various arguments developed during discussion regarding what classifies as rebellion and whether or not it is effective; however, these seemingly conflicting arguments actually contribute to the general concept of rebellion in distinct ways. The class first defined rebellion as standing up to society for wrongly thwarting a value and trying to bring about change by setting an example to influence other people to join the cause. Under this definition, rebellion is rarely effective because in order for a societal change to occur, there must be enough people that join the rebellion, and these people must remain loyal and dedicated to the cause.
The issue of women’s rights and how different societies and cultures deal with it had been on the table for many centuries. In the United States of America during the 1800s, women began to move toward and demand getting equal rights as men, they decided to speak up and fight for their stolen rights. In the 1960s, continued working toward their goal, women broadened their activities through the women’s rights movement which aimed to help them in gaining their right to receive education, occupy the same jobs that were once titled only for men, and get an access to leadership positions. The women’s rights movement has a great impact on women today, although it started a long time ago, but it did not stop and women are reaping their fruit today,
It then reviews some of the key propositions made by various scholars and authors on, factors that influence participation in collective action including the role that incentives play, classification of collective action organizations and incentives. It concludes by looking at some of the arguments advanced relating to how success or failure of collective action organizations can be determined. 2.1 What Is Collective Action? Wheatland and Chêne (2015) defines collective action as referring to a variety of actions that are undertaken by individuals or groups or an organization that is acting on their behalf to achieve a collective purpose or shared interest of the group or individuals. As an analytical concern, Collective action cuts across myriad disciplines and contexts which include economic, political, labor, development, agriculture, environment,