Introduction The social work profession, was based on values that contributed not only to its own professional development and to helping different service user groups, but also to the development of societies in general. Describe how theories and research (EBP process) inform our professional knowledgebase. A clear theoretical perspective guide and influences social work practice in five key areas: observation, description, explanation, prediction and intervention. Observation tells what to see, what to look out for. Description provides a conceptual vocabulary and framework within which observations can be arranged and organized.
According to Nicole Haumont: “inhabiting is being lodged and appropriating space according to certain cultural models” as it is from cultural models that social practice and representation are generated. These cultural models are explained by Pierre Bordieu using the concept of habitus. Habitus in Sociology is the individual’s personality structure. It refers to the lifestyle, values, disposition and expectations of particular social groups that are acquired through the activities and experiences of everyday life. The process of appropriation of architectural space is generated by the balance between permanence and change, imitation and creation, heritage and novelty.
Theory of Identity Development Identity is shaped by how an individual organizes experiences within the environment that revolves around oneself (Torres, Jones, & Renn, 2009). In Student Affairs literature, identity is defined as one’s personal held beliefs about the self in relation to social groups (e.g., race, ethnicty, religion, sexual orientation) and the ways one expresses that relationship (Torress, Jones, & Renn, 2009, p. 577). Identity is also a social construct meaning it’s ones sense of self and beliefs about one’s own social group as well others are constructed through interactions with the broader social context in which dominant values dictate norms and expectations (Torres, Jones, & Renn, 2009). Identity has a rich tradition
Social Network Analysis as Research Methodology Social Network Analysis is an interdisciplinary research programme which helps in predicting the structures of relationships among social entities as well as impact of said structure on the other social phenomenon. The essential elements of this programme are built around some core concepts and methods for the measurement, representation and analysis of social structure. A social network is a set of actors (points, nodes or agents) that may have relationships (or ties) with one another. A network can have one or more actors and there can be one or more kinds of relations between pair of actors. Scientists in the social network field use specialized jargon and notation.
The authors showed how the ecological movement SEAC helped in building upon a recycling industry and the diffusion across American universities. His study provided insightful evidence in how personal interests and the level of commitment to ecological movements causing a variety in practices and shaping the establishment of new logics. Drawing from a cross-level model of institutional logics developed by Thornton et al (2012), individual goals have to be accepted by a broader social movement or group in order to influence new organizational practices. Once new practices are adopted within an organizational field, it inherently influences the existing
2000) on norms formation in groups demonstrates that people who work together over time can converge in their strategic orientations for attacking problems and finding solutions to them. On a adding note, discussing Colemann’s conceptualization of social capital, Edwards and Foley (1998) state that norms and networks held by individuals become social capital and play an important role in facilitating collective action, which are closely related to the n-person Prisoner’s Dilemma (Bicchieri 1990). The so far discussed literature on conceptualization of social norms and cooperative behaviour emphasises that- although they are featuring prominently in theory and empirical research, the nature and formation of cooperative behaviour and norms in relationship to social capital are extremely complex, intangible and
Ethnography: Ethnography is the deliberate investigation of individuals and societies. It is intended to investigate social phenomena where the specialist watches society from the perspective of the subject of the study. An ethnography is an intends to speak to graphically and in composing the way of life of a gathering. Ethnography, as the presentation of exact information on human social orders and societies, was spearheaded in the organic, social, and social limbs of humanities, yet it has additionally gotten to be mainstream in the sociologies when all is said in done humanism, correspondence studies, history—wherever individuals study ethnic gatherings, arrangements, sytheses, resettlements, social welfare qualities, materiality, otherworldly existence, and an individuals' ethnogenesis. The average ethnography is an all encompassing study thus incorporates a concise history, and an investigation of the territory, the atmosphere, and the natural surroundings.
Moreover, the relationship between ethnographers and informants in the field, which form the bases of subsequent theorizing and conclusions, are expressed through social interaction in which the ethnographer participates, thus ethnographers help to construct the observation that become their data. I am taking an example from the book “Reflexive Ethnography.” In this book “Powdermaker argued that participant observation requires both involvement and detachment achieved by developing the ethnographer’s ‘role of stepping in and out of society.’ In order to incorporate such insights into research
“The unique features of Social Cognitive Theory are the emphasis on social influence and its emphasis on external and internal social reinforcement,” Boston University, (2013). Social Cognitive theory reflects the individual capability to attain a certain lifestyle with consideration of the surrounding environment in which the behavior is experienced. With regards to past experience the theory takes into consideration of influences reinforcements, expectations, and expectancies. Social Cognitive Theory focuses on behavioral capabilities, self efficacy, expectation, emotional coping and self control. According to Boston University (2013), when using the social cognitive theory in public health there are several limitations that should be
The work of two sociologists namely Bernstein and Bourdieu, influenced the work of sociologists in education and linguistics. Bernstein used the term “code theory”. This theory was used to describe how the macro-level (social, political, and economic structures and institutions) is related to the way in which people understand systems of meanings, also known as “codes”. Bourdieu used the term “cultural capital” which will further be discussed. Just like Bernstein, Bourdieu attempted to empirically test a theory of society, culture, and education.