What are causes of health disparities? Causes of health disparities could be attributed to socioeconomic status and education. A link between those who live in poorer communities and poor health outcomes are often related. Members of these communities are exposed to many health problems causing them to have poor health. Members of these communities also lack education about overall health which could be a reason why health disparities are more prominent in these areas.
This is evidence that they are offered lower quality care. The social and economic position of the patient or client also determines the level of access to medical care. People from poor backgrounds have less access to healthcare services than individuals from affluent
One may argue that healthcare is too expensive and that food stamps have been taken away from many people. It is also extremely difficult to get a well-paying job in order to pay for housing, healthcare, and food. The lack of healthcare, food stamps, and well-paying jobs can result in people turning towards crime because of issues such as mental health, physical health, and employment options. One reason that people turn to crime is because of the lack of healthcare. Even when healthcare is available to people, a large portion of them are not able to
Couple with fact that the individuals has an income below the poverty level, no health insurance, and stressors related to living conditions, he would be more likely to be vulnerable to ongoing poor health status than an individual with similar risk factors but with an adequate income and health insurance. The man in poverty (Maurer, 2013). Whereas those individuals with biophysical features are vulnerable such as the developing fetus, infants, children and older adults are vulnerable, individuals with acquired biophysical issues such as chronic illness, those with alterations in functioning due to trauma, and altered immunity also become more vulnerable to poor health outcomes and those that are born with congenital anomalies and with variations in cognitive and physical abilities may be at more dangerous and risky (Hufflin,
Both men and women face health care disparities, the difference are each genders health concerns, access to healthcare, financial barriers, preventive and follow up care. In the 2013 Kaiser Men Health Survey and 2013 Kaiser Women Health Survey presented that women’s health concerns, preventive treatments, and follow up treatments, are of greater expense compared to men. So women are most likely not to access health care due to high cost and lack of insurance in comparison to men. This same study also found stereotypical gender roles plays a big part,when it comes to accessing health care. Women are most likely not to see a provider due to childcare, lack of transportation, lack of time and inability to take time off work.
5. SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ITS IMPACT IN THE SOCIETY The aim of social epidemiology is to identify socio-structural factors that are considered to be the effect of health within a large population. It has been stated that those that normally come from poor social class are the ones that normally get more affected by a disease or an illness, more than those that come from the high class society, those that are wealthy. There are a number of social structural factors that contributes to the effect on the health of the individual namely; social class, income distribution, gender. 5.1.
However, it is important to note that Nwankwo, Nandy and Nwankwo (2010) pointed out that socioeconomic factors may also influence whether or not clients’ attend clinic. This may be as a result of the client not having money or lack support from family members to attend the clinic. Those clients’ who do attend clinic may or may not be able to afford the direct and indirect cost associated with prescribed diabetic regimen received from the health care professional.
And lastly, life course perspective is a person’s lifespan effected by determinants such as malnutrition, lack of education, and high risk jobs susceptible to hazards and injury. SDHI, historically thought to occur from hierarchical power, has been limited in solving the disparities in health outcomes. According to system theory and complexity, SDHI cannot be explored through a linear microscope, evaluating the cause and effect one constituent part at a time. Instead, SDHI is described as the interaction between determinants; and, the nonlinerarity and emergence concepts illustrate the complexity in
age, race, ethnicity, primary language)” (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Institute of Medicine and Board on Health Care Services, Board on Health Care Services, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice and Committee on Accounting for Socioeconomic Status in Medicare Payment Programs, 2016 p. 3). Sociodemographic Characteristics and Student Behavior Sociodemographics are indispensable factors to consider in the study of problem behaviors. Naik and Jogdand (2013) had identified several sociodemographic variables
For example, the rich access different and better service from what the poor do, and this is responsible for quite a number of problems in societies. When the poor lack proper education, it results in a large number of them lacking employment and thus they indulge in crime, drug abuse, prostitution, even giving rise to incurable diseases. Poverty makes it hard for members of a society to access proper medical services which makes it tough to control spread of diseases, and ultimately death. According to the symbolic interactionism theory, humans are social animals and require interaction with one another. It studies social interactions between individuals and small groups and how humans interpret these interactions.
With being uninsured, it’s hard to get the proper health care that is needed. They also have language barriers that affect proper health care. Poverty and low socioeconomic statuses are the greatest health risk factor that Hispanics have to face. They have some barriers when it comes to health care, but they relatively have a better health profile.
(Healthy People 2020, n.d). As humans, we constantly interact with our surroundings, thus where we live, learn, work and play greatly influences our health outcome, therefore efforts aimed at improving this issue of disparity requires an understanding of the complex conditions in the social system that contribute to the illness in the first place. I chose this topic because as a Public Health student with a concentration of Health Promotion and Education I constantly think about the ways the social determinants of health and health disparities at large contribute to the wide variety of illnesses and diseases and the economic burden caused by these inequalities. In this essay, I hope to explore how the social determinates of health influences an individual’s health outcome, their ability to access healthcare services and the efforts/ interventions that aim at reducing these disparities among minorities. Hence, members of minority racial/ethnic groups suffer a proportionally higher burden of disease and death due to the conditions in which they live
Some receive some sort of treatment but sometimes at that point it’s too late, because their access to healthcare was delayed. According to the article Delayed Access to Health Care: Risk Factors, Reasons, and Consequences “Cost was an important factor in delaying care for patients in lower socioeconomic positions; the odds of delaying care because of cost for patients who were both poor and uninsured were 12 times greater than the odds for other patients” (Weissman, Stern, Fielding & Epstein 1991). As stated before there is a higher mortality rate in lower class communities for most diseases compared to the upper class, because chances are the disease had progressed too far along to be treated or even potentially prevented. If one community is continually suffering because of their lack of access to healthcare due to socioeconomic factors then of course it’s going to be a very big role in driving the
Among other factors, the gender difference that is prevailing in these countries plays a significant role in the lower educational level of women that, in turn, has a significant effect on the consequences and the determinants of health. In developing countries, due to the gender gap, men restrict women to the four walls of the house and expect to do domestic and reproductive works. Studies have shown that even the relatively wealthy and educated women in these countries find themselves within the household. The gender gap influence how the health system responds to male and female and the implementation of the health policies. (Vlassoff,