Lower lumbar spine is more prone to forminal stenosis as the diameter of the dorsal root ganglion is larger than that of the foramen. Among the Asians, cervical stenosis is more common. This is due to the ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. The longitudinal Framingham heart study recorded degenerative slip disc syndrome in about 1% of men and 1.5% female above the age group of 54. Swedish study revealed 5 of 100,000 residents developed spinal stenosis with the canal diameter 11mm or
Moreover, births attended by skilled staff are only 38.3% in areas with an urban population share below 20% and 78.0% in areas with that share between 50% and 90%. Urban parents are twice as likely as rural parents to have a child attended by skilled staff. The number of community health workers per 1,000 inhabitants is higher in areas with a less than 20% urban population share than in areas with that share between 50% and
The Effect of Coping Cat Program on Decreasing Severity of Anxiety Symptoms among Youth Introduction and Background This study will design to examine the effectiveness of implementation of an anxiety reduction program on children and adolescence with anxiety disorders. It was hoped that a reduction in anxiety will be seen after the participants completed the coping cat program as a group. A reduction in anxiety would indicate a change in the child’s individualistic behavior, change in a child’s social behavior and improve of academic achievement. Data from this study were designed to evaluate the potential effectiveness of this type of evidence-based program as an intervention within a school system. It’s normal for children
However specialist doctors witnessed errors due to the delegation of authority more than other. Weakness in controlling team members varied with hospital type, position, preferred working style and team leadership. In summary, it is evident from Table 4.4 that the majority of medical errors causes vary with medical unit where all of them were more likely to occur in the ICUs. Also, they varied with team leadership. However, those who perceive autocratic team leadership style witnessed more frequently errors than other.
The study was conducted by surveying 2,199 adolescents from the data of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The adolescents were asked to do a Depression Screener and also were asked questions that consisted to spot the depression signal. The results were that female adolescents tends to usually have higher depression rate than male adolescents. According to the study, girls are more likely to have higher depression rates because their puberty usually occurs earlier than male adolescent (Moreh and O’Lawrence, 2016) “Depressive disorders are more than twice as common in girls as in boys possibly because of differences in coping styles during puberty” (Bhatia & Bhatia, 2007). Puberty usually causes adolescents to enter depression because of the changes they have to adapt to, which usually gives them stress.
Patient satisfaction on health care services has become significant part in defining the quality of health care. It is reminded that providers mostly ignored the psychosocial part of health care however; its Significant has been Confirmed in many studies ( ommen et al., 2006 ) . Measurement of
The altruistic behaviour of healthcare practitioners may include consistent work or the providence of informal medical advice beyond the boundaries of contracted hours along with the general willingness to move beyond the additional miles in professional activities. There is sufficient evidence that many healthcare practitioners perform their duties beyond their contracted hours but there is a declining trend evident related to the altruism in medicine. This can be expressed within the unwillingness of anaesthetist for accepting a final case on the list due to the time of operation to be run beyond the contracted session limit. The emergence and maintenance of altruism and cooperative social behaviour is found to be a major issue in the biological
The term “social welfare” in its broadest sense, includes all social institution like education, health, housing, public assistance, services for persons with disabilities, and other related activities. Social welfare policymaking has quite a lot to do with economic development as social welfare seems to be especially important to a developed society. This paper will use the situation in Hong Kong to first discover the relationship between economic development and social welfare policymaking, mainly being interrelated, and even subordinated; it will then consider the co-existing cooperation and contradiction between the economic and welfare principle; and finally, the researching, advocating and evaluating role and position of social worker
Corruption presents many challenges to the health sector. The impact of corruption on health care access and outcomes, as well as anti-corruption measures receive increasing interest among health policy-makers, since corruption in the health sector is a wide-spread problem with negatively affecting health status and social welfare. (46) 2.5.1 Literature Review In broader literature, the concept of corruption resp. mechanisms for controlling and enforcing corruption are often associated with governance and financing (7,46,47). Kaufmann (48) argues that in the progress towards UHC, governance resp.
Today many Americans are concern about health care. This includes individuals that have health care coverage and those who cannot afford health insurance. Unfortunately, health care premiums are rising, and coverage is limited. The care and coverage we are receiving as individuals is poor and it has become a sensitive topic in our country today. While the Affordable Act was meant to increase the quality of care individuals receive and to increase the number of individuals insured, today healthcare is not what it was meant to accomplish.
The demographic, academic and economical factors frame this model to present relevant concerns the United States Department of Health & Human Services has regarding excessive drinking. This model represent (but not limited to) the HHS focus of study among excessive drinking in adolescents between the ages of 12-20 who have reported drinking in the past month. Race Ethnicity - The fastest growing ethnic groups regarding excessive alcohol consumption in U.S is Whites and Asian American, respectfully. African Americans and Latinos have the lowest rate of monthly and heavy drinking. Among gender in adolescence men are more likely to drink than women and consume more alcohol overall.
The hospitals receive incentive payments under the Hospital VBP by either how well they perform each measure or how much they improve their performance during a baseline period. A few examples of how quality is measured are nurse communication, doctor communication, pain management, discharge information, and a few other aspects (Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Program, 2011). Healthcare can be very confusing to consumers. New practices and policies never make understanding healthcare any easier. The new Affordable Care Act has many parts and uses Value-Based Purchasing.
Atul Gawande in his article “Whose body is it, anyway?” introduced couple of cases, which discussed a controversial topic, doctors dealing with patients and making important medical decisions. These are difficult decisions in which people might have life or death choices. Who should make the important decisions, patients or doctors? Patients don’t usually know what is better for their health and while making their decisions, they might ignore or don’t know the possible side effects and consequences of these decisions. Doctors and physicians have more and better knowledge than normal people about human body and they are able to assist their patients while making tough decisions.
Jebera is African American giving his a 7.5% chance of having any disorder in his lifetime according to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. In comparison, White have a 10.4% chance and Mexican Americans an 8% chance . This makes African Americans and, therefore, Jebera the least likely of the group to have a mental disorder. More specifically, African Americans have a 10.4-12% lifetime prevalence rate of depression. Again, both White and Hispanic individuals scored higher with White’s at l6.8-17.6% and Hispanic at ll.6-13.7% .
Although exposure to violence affects all SES groups, lower SES individuals and families appear to have increased exposure. Browne, Salomon, & Bassuk (1999) found that women who resided in households that earned less than $10,000 annually had a 4-times-greater risk of experiencing violence than women in wealthier households. Bassuk et al. (1996) found that homeless mothers reported significantly more severe instances of physical and sexual assault over their lifetime than low-income housed mothers. Buka, Stichick, Birdthistle, & Felton, (2001) found youths from low-income neighborhoods witnessed significantly more severe violence (viz., murders and stabbings) than youths from middle- and upper-income neighborhoods.