Many women and children started to work because the introduction of industry and rapid rise of urbanization led to women and children having to work to pay for the bills, house and food. Farmers moved to cities while cities grew rapidly. As cities increased so did overcrowding, lack of housing, poor sanitary conditions, disease, and poverty. More slums came into place and settlement houses formed to help the poor and immigrants. Jane Addams founded the Hull House which was a social and civic center that helped the poor and immigrants.
(Wheeler, 2006) Many facts encourage people to locate in the suburban areas: 1- The well-developed transportation system: As an example of the transportation system development ‘’ highway’’. Highways increase the accessibility of regions and land as the result lands price increase. Some studies were done to prove that land increase in region that was previously less accessible but the land price decrease in region that was already accessible. Although the land price remains lower than the center of the city that why people tend to move to an accessible region with lower land price (Freese & Sternberg, 1998) 2- The equal distribution of resource all over the country: People won’t move to suburban area if the main resources were not available there. The distribution of resource in all the country will reform the wealth and decrease the poverty in suburban areas.
Many states, especially those with meager populations, actively pursued immigrants by offering jobs or land for farming. The industrialization lured millions seeking economic opportunities for their families, while were anxious to escape oppressive governments. Whatever the reason, with these groups came a rich culture that would forever help to reshape the nation. One of the most significant ways the immigrants altered the United States was the way in which they settled upon arrival. The majority of these new foreign immigrants settled or “clustered” in larger cities such as New York, San Francisco, Chicago and Philadelphia.
There was also a need for more jobs since immigrants were fleeing to the U.S. for a better life. The technological factors that shaped the development of cities and urban life after 1860 were the parts of cities that were dedicated to industrialization and warehouses that provided more jobs for immigrants. How were the new cities different from the typical city before 1860? Answer: There was a lot of hustle and bustle in the old cities. Not to say that it’s not the case in new cities, but back then there were areas in which immigrants suffered in poverty and lived in tenements even though they worked long hours.
So, people think they can get more opportunities in the big cities which rise abruptly in succession. Then they began to move to urban. The consequence of this is the population of people are much more than the population of rural area. On the other hand, the improvement of agriculture is also very important effect of in industrial revolution. Although more people come to urban area and join the industry, but the provisionment hadn’t decrease or stop.
1. The urbanization is a crucial process for the development of any society as it allows to make an emphasis on the development of the cities, where a significant amount of financial resources concentrate. The fact that many people moved from the rural areas to the cities in the middle of the 20th century, caused an immense growth of an industry, trade, and business across the country. There are both positive and negative outcomes of the urbanization; however, these outcomes are most commonly referred to as the push-pull factors. Both push and pull factors can be beneficial for particular groups of people while being disadvantaging to the other groups.
How Did the Industrial Revolution Lead to Urban Growth? The Industrial Revolution lead to urban growth by creating economic growth. This is because factories started opening up when people started inventing machines to produce and manufacture products longer and more efficiently. These factories needed workers to function, so people in need of jobs migrated towards the factories. These people included immigrants and other poor people in need of some extra money.
Industrial revolution is causation of urbanization and colonial expansion, which lead to many changes in the European society. Along with the industrial revolution, a large number of factories were build attracted a huge amount of workers. In addition, technology increases efficiency of both industrial and agricultural works. In an industrial economy, proportion of agricultural contribution did not dominate in the total production 's as before; therefore, there was a requirement in mobilizing and redeploying labor from agricultural to non-agricultural works (Eric 1996, 64). Many people changed their work from agricultural to non-agricultural tasks moved to industrial regions and lead to mass migrations within a country.
As the development of the society and the rise of capitalism, modern cities appeared and urbanization become possible in the United States. Urbanization is “the process through which people migrate from the countryside to urban centers” (Boyle, 311). People move to cities due to various factors, and one of the main reasons is that there are many new opportunities in the urban areas, which attracted people to come. As a result, people could earn money, enjoy better social services, and increase social class at cities. People understood urbanization through urban ecology, which is also an idea from Darwinian “the process through which social groups compete for urban space and shift and sort themselves into different neighborhoods or niches, according
The Industrial Revolution was the changeover to a new manufacturing process. It has started in Britain, then it spread to America. Before industrialization, people had to manage things by hand, with the industry beginning people lost their jobs and lost their income. Urbanization was the central factor in the industrial revolution because with the population increasing there can be more factories. Farmers were going from the country to the city.