Science of Sociology There are a number of different definitions of ‘sociology’ and they all have the fundamental idea of “the ways in which society operates”. It can be described more formally as the study of the development, structure and function of human society. Sociology is unlike some other sciences, such as mathematics, where a series of propositions will usually lead to definite conclusions. Sociology is often defined as a social science because it deals with the ways in which human beings interact with each other. It looks at the ways in which people make decisions about other people and why they interact in that way.
Sociological Perspectives are different perspectives of how to view the world. The three sociological perspectives are the functionalist theory, the conflict theory, and the interactionalist theory. Robert Merton and Emile Durkheim are considered to have founded functionalism. Functionalism emphasizes the way in which the parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability. Functionalists believe that all parts of society are linked together.
There are many who believe in the idea of fate deciding their future and therefore, they do not feel the need to take value in thinking before making decisions. However, the future is decided based on the actions of a person alone. Those actions, if done without thinking, will ultimately lead to a life of guilt. A future weighed down by relentless mental obsession with guilt and in turn social isolation is a fate sealed the moment one makes an ignorant decision. Two characters in literature that are meant to show these lasting negative repercussions of ignorant actions are Mary Shelley’s Victor Frankenstein and Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s mariner.
Many other scholars have agreed or attempted to demystify each individual theory. This essay shall confer as to each separate theory of the state as a relation. It shall furthermore discuss the limitations of each theory, while examining contributions from other theorists and scholars in the field of anthropology and sociology. According to Marx, societies consist of two structures: super and infra. The latter consists of the base structures needed for the said societies production and operation; structures such as transport, energy and healthcare are part of the infrastructure.
Among the many definitions of sociology that exist, there are two that I find most appealing for this paper. First, sociology has been defined as the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society. It has also been said to be the study of social problems. The sociological thought was in essence a brainchild of eighteenth- century philosophy, history and political economy. This period was known for posing critical sociological issues without the possibility of their resolutions.
Sociological imagination gives you the ability to understand the different factors that go into a situation. It helps us identify if the problem can be solved by a change in the person or if there needs to be a change in society. Sociological imagination gives us the understanding of why some things happen and that we do not always have all sides of the story. Without sociological imagination, the world would be a harsher
According to dictionaries, sociology can be defined as “the systematic study of society and social interactions” (Open Education Sociology Dictionary 2013) or can be understood through its stems – socius (Latin) meaning companion and logos (Greek) meaning the study of (Abercrombie et al. 2006). Although these definitions are not incorrect, sociology is much more complex. In my essay, I am going to examine the question of what sociology is more closely by looking at what sociologists seek to understand, what the sociological perspective is, the skills sociologists utilise to learn about the world and how sociology actually affects and impacts the societies we live in. The Scope of Sociology: What is it that sociologists seek to understand?
The people are not allowed to put themselves first, they must always use we when referring to themselves. This is to completely remove putting yourself above the group, this way you will not feel significant enough to even think about revolting. Finally thinking you are even slightly better than someone is strongly disapproved. Equality realises he is brilliant when it comes to math and science compared to the other children that surround him, and he also realised being better at anything is a sin and should be punished, according to the house of council. “It is not good to be different from our brothers, but it is evil to be superior to them”(21).
The main aim of Sociology lies in the learning about the ways of people behavior, analyzing it and forming general laws about it. Sociology helps to understand the way people think and act. As well as the object of Sociology is the society as a whole it is very difficult to study it as all the members of society are individuals with their peculiar features and habits who contribute to the whole and who, at the end, form a united group of people with harmonious character. Sociology is the science which deals with great number of different concepts such as society, community, culture, social groups, status, conflict, law, customs integration, social distance and a lot of others. The concept I would like to describe in my essay is values.
However, many people are unaware of the dark history of race and think nothing of it. For this very reason, I believe that it is highly important to firstly recognize the flaws in basing a society off race and then work on removing the classification of people by race to combat the existing racism throughout the world. A person should not be judged and assessed merely based off their skin color or culture, but rather by their actions and intentions. So, to group a wide variety of cultures into one category would be an unjust generalization made by social construct. For instance, African Americans are categorized by “black” in order to legitimize their exploitation as an apparently inferior race just because of skin color.