Right.” In other words, social exchange theory is a theory that people only want relationships that will give them the greatest amount of benefits. My family does fall into this theory, only in the opposite direction. I say opposite direction due to my mom kicking out my father, because he was only hurting the relationships between him and my mom, and then him to my little sister and I due to his drug and alcohol problems. In conclusion, my mom thought that it would better benefit our family if my dad was not a part of it, which I think was a very hard decision but for the
One of the most important factors that affect a child 's development is the relationship and attachment of the child with their primary caregiver. John Bowlby studied the development of the child; he was interested in how childhood relationships affected kids as they grew older and became adults. He was also concerned with the relationship of the child and primary caregiver and how they interacted, and the effect this had on later life. Bowlby 's theory established that children’s earliest relationships shaped their later development and characterized their human life, "from the cradle to the grave"(Bowlby, 1998). The attachment style that an infant develops with their parent later reflects on their overall person.
For example, the Bowenian counseling approach explores the intricate patterns and interactions of intergenerational behaviors amongst the family (Bowen Center for the Study of Family, 2018). However, the Structural family model examines patterns like the Bowen model does as behaviors that are emotional or mental. Therefore, they
Define and summarize each of the sociological theories discussed in this chapter. According to Macionis (2015) (12.3) The sociological theory to issues of family life can be explained and defined as follows 1) Structional-functional theory views the family as the foundation for all societies, families are how societies regulates reproduction of children, families create a safe and stable environment for these children and families create units of economic cooperation which provide emotional support in the world. 2) Symbolic-Interaction theory a micro-level approach views the family not as a societal institution but as an ongoing interaction of individuals. In this perspective, how people understand themselves and each other reflect on the outcome of their relationships. Children raised with love and steady parental guidance develop a positive self-image while children raised with criticism may end up developing a strong level of self-doubt.
Family problems must be defined on specifics behaviors. We could integrated a family base approach along with a strength based (Kerig, 2010) approach to empower each of the family members. The family as a unit would need to be assess and also, as individuals. Through assessments the therapy informs him/herself about what has been the trauma implicated in each of the family members and the patters that behaviors have caused. Psychoeducation should be provided and that way everyone in the family can be educated.
She was a part of the fight for better working conditions. Another reason why women faced hardships in the workplace was because women had been on an almost equal level with men in the workplace until men came back from World War I. When all the men left to fight in World War I, they left their jobs open. Their positions were filled up by others with lower jobs, like women and African Americans. For women, these jobs paid better and were "less susceptible to economic exploitation."
Amongst other notions, such as habitus, field and symbolic violence, Bourdieu developed the theory of capital, which he divided into four forms of capital, cultural, economic, social and symbolic (Wacquant 2007, 268) in order to explain the “realities of social inequality” (Gauntlett 2011). Regarding the notion of cultural capital, which to some extent is based on Karl Marx’s capitalistic approach when describing class struggle, Bourdieu mentions the “scarce symbolic goods, skills and titles” (L. Wacquant 2007, 268) that a part of society possesses. In fact, the elite detains cultural knowledge that they use in order to maintain their status in society, and keep their position above the working-class. Bourdieu also emphasizes how this scheme is reproduced within education, and thereby how social hierarchy not only occurs, but is also conserved (ibid, 262). Indeed, Bourdieu assesses that the educational system replicates the social inequalities that rely within society, which undeniably favors students from upper-class families.
Another theory that can explain Native American historical trauma is the Systems Theory. Systems Theory explores human experiences and behavior patterns. The theory states that humans seek out homeostasis. In relation to this study, it premises that each member in the Native American family system plays a role that contributes to the synchronized functioning of the system (Gray et al., 2013). Each member keeps his or her role so children who have formed the role in a relationship pattern will likewise form similar relationships with others who can operate within the same family system (Bowen, 1985).
The Family Systems Theory Family systems theory is a framework for understanding families and their strengths and dysfunctions. The strengths identified among family relations can be used to help solve existing problems. The same applies with problems identified. The family system theory is based on Bowen’s theory which argues that people cannot leave independent of each other’s network of relationships. People within a family are connected emotionally, which affects their overall well being and social relations and behaviour.
Through factors such as cognitive development of the infant, attentive care and intimate interactions with a primary caregiver, the attachment relationship is created – shaping the infants- caregiver bond. By examining the interactions between an infant and their primary caregiver, we can identify secure, insecure and disorganized attachment (Ainsworth, 1978; Cassidy 1994); which can reveal a great deal about the relationship between the infant and attachment figure. Overall, the quality of attachment bonds formed in the early years can have long lasting effects on an infant’s emotional security and social competence; not only shaping their ability to form relationships, but laying the foundations for the social, emotional and mental development of the
This essay describe the importance and results of parents impact they have on their children 's social development, which involved their children learning values, knowledge and skills enabling them to relate to others effectively. Furthermore, describing the role of parents, what influences that role, parents as role models and how parents implement different parenting styles and their impact? As well as focusing on children 's first relationships, attachments and how they relate to others as they mature to adulthood. The role of a parent is to take care of a child biological needs, provide safe, nurturing and supportive environment, to protect and guide, motivation and manage discipline however reality is that these are not always met.
In our lives there are many factors from our past that shape who we are today. Concerted cultivation is a style of parenting that allows for the parent to schedule activities that will keep the children occupied during their free time. The idea of concerted cultivation is made clear by Annette Lareau the author of the book entitled Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life. She states that parents who organize their children 's lives through concerted cultivation believe that their child will obtain certain knowledge and skills that will help them and set them apart academically and socially. (Lareau, 2011) As shown in the book parents who have brought up their children using concerted cultivation nurture their children 's development and advance their social and cognitive skills by organizing their lives in a particular way.
Definition of the Field of Practice One may ask what defines the field of practice pertaining to children and youth in addition to what this field consists of. A definition of this field is being able to supply services for, or in the best interests of, individuals that are under the age of 18 as well as the members residing with them in their households (National Association of Social Workers, n.d.). These services include the reconstruction of psychological and social functioning of an individual, providing support, and considering the fact that there are issues that affect this population (National Association of Social Workers, n.d.). Social workers in this field build upon the strengths within the child 's family and community in order