Sociological Perspectives In Sociology

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Sociological Perspectives are different perspectives of how to view the world. The three sociological perspectives are the functionalist theory, the conflict theory, and the interactionalist theory. Robert Merton and Emile Durkheim are considered to have founded functionalism. Functionalism emphasizes the way in which the parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability. Functionalists believe that all parts of society are linked together. Functionalism is a theory about the nature of mental states. A mental status is not what something it is made of but what it does. Functionalism was a major influence on the education system. It is believed that the functionalist perspective functions just like an organism. This meaning that each…show more content…
W.I Thomas stressed the use of symbols and their definitions and role in society. The interactionist perspective analyzes everyday social interactions to explain the society. Some examples of interactionist perspective are workers interacting on a job and humans conversing at a public place. Symbolic Interactionalism views how humans live in a world based on objects that are meaningful to them. Symbols help share a meaning within a group or society which is how they created the group and continue to expand it. An example of symbolic interactionism is if you see a Soldier on the street you automatically respect that Soldier because of the uniform they wear. This theory examines how people socialize every day and how they understand their interactions. Symbolic interaction also studies how humans gain a sense of one’s self by their social…show more content…
An example of these are an educational institution. Interactionism only studies a smaller scale of society or group. Symbolic interactionism and functionalism are alike because they both categorize relationships in society, in institutions, and communication systems. Symbolic interactionism brings people together by similar symbolic relationships. Functionalism views society as broken down parts of society that work together as a whole but the conflict theory sees those broken down parts of society and assesses them while they compete. Both founders of the conflict theory, Max Webster and George Herbert, based their perspective as being humans themselves and not off of society much like the functionalism theory does. Functionalism and symbolic interactionists are positive perspectives while the conflict theory is mostly negative. Although, conflict theory does not always have to be negative. Most people want to understand their role in a society. The sociological perspective helps you to try to understand your place in the
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