Sociological School, Communist Legal Theory And Theories Of Law

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Law is a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behaviour. Laws can be made by legislatures through legislation, the executive through decrees and regulations, or judges through binding precedent.
Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution (written or unwritten) and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Since time immemorial, law has existed in some form or the other in all societies and civilizations. Numerous theories have evolved through time. We shall be looking at the Analytical school, Historical School, Sociological School, Communist Legal theory and Natural law.
We shall begin by looking at the concept of Natural Law:
Natural law or the law of nature is a universally applicable philosophy of law. The early usages of the phrase were actually in the form of its Latin translation i.e. lex naturalis; jus naturale. The use of natural law, in its various incarnations, has varied widely through its history. There are a number of different theories of natural law, differing from each other with respect to the role that morality plays in determining the authority of legal norms.
Natural Law – The History
The history of

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