Introduction - While reading various texts that Ann Brown has written I began to see that her opinion was that the goal of social studies educators is to foster the development of effective citizens. But to properly approach this goal, I seen there needs to be a shift from what Dewey called the “traditional” structure of education (Dewey, 1938). In the current or traditional method, one proposed method to change this process is the application of the theory of social constructivism. Social constructivism focuses on the role that social interaction plays in creating knowledge. According to this, model knowledge is formed based on social interaction and social consensus.
Ida Maud Cannon is a historical figure worth mentioning since she is considered the “medical social work pioneer” (Social Welfare History Project, 2012). This woman has made many contributions in medical social work. Ida was a nurse prior to leaping into the social work field (Social work trailblazer, 1997). She was an inspiring woman who travelled to many different countries to create and teach training programs for students and staff. Ida was one of the few that worked with lower class clients who had “unspeakable diseases” (Kerson, T. S., & McCoyd, J. M., 2013).
This approach is considered to be most viable in this type of research as it would enable the researcher to gain a deeper look at the different side and different kinds of feminists. This way, the researcher would be able to apply sociological theories for the formulation of possible answers to his questions which mainly revolve on the motivations and the personalities as well as the personalities as well as the behavior of the respondents in the said situation.
Sociology is the scientific study of human life and societies.The scope of sociology is wide and changing from person to person.People need to understand why we are as we are,why we act as we do,and this needs learning sociological thinking-at the broader view.It means cultivating the imagination.Mills has a term ‘the sociological imagination’ it means ‘think ourselves away’. Activities can be subject of sociology because they cause many things and link people.For example,when we go shopping and buy something,this activities provide us social interaction.Also,shopping links people because in the shopping a person can talk different people,the process is production also affects many people.Transformation of productions is global concern,so many simple activities can be study of sociology because it has global effects.Studying sociology is also important,some events look like individual but their effects are larger.For example,unemployment can be tragedy for someone but it is a public issue.
Wright Mills’ sociological imagination as we have been recalling it from time to time says that the promise of sociology is to provide individuals with an ability to understand and comprehend their social circumstances so that they become a part of an informed social action towards their lives’ betterment. Understanding social change is understanding their historical, personal, and social developments as individuals and as a whole society, and will definitely constitute one part of that promise of sociology. One of my biggest interests in studying sociology is understanding the expression of one’s own culture as a possible form of counterhegemony, especially in the Filipino setting. One example that could be seen in here is the indigenization from within of knowledge and also the imposition of an educational system that is culture-based; these movements and how it can change the society and the individuals within it. Another one of the topics I may be interested in is the role and place of the arts in social change.
In the following sections our choice of theories are presented and their relevance to the project, are discussed. The theories tend to provide us a guideline, which helps in relation to organize, select, and analyse our data. We have decided to use political, economical theories as well as a sociological theory, for the reason we aiming to obtain a broader image of the topic, not only one segment. Foucault Foucault theory of power is aiming to challenge the “mainstream”, Western concepts of the world and stimulate people to have a new way of comprehension about the notion of power and power relation. (Taylor, 2004) It advices an empirical analyses of power, with an analytical understanding rather than theoretical, where the perception of
Since marketing has been largely successful in making people chose to purchased a few products as opposed to competing products, then the same techniques should be effective in encouraging people to adopt certain behaviors that would lead to better physical and mental health, and eventually to wide-scale social change. As a hybrid theory that proposed to induce positive social change, social marketing borrowed concepts from psychology, sociology, communication, and preventive medicine. Similar to communication theory and research, social marketing theory is an interdisciplinary endeavor that requires collaborative research between scholars in several traditional disciplines. First, because social problems have behavioral causes, social marketing campaigns target the individuals and groups who would benefit from a behavior change. Second, since social problems have socioeconomic causes as well, social marketing campaigns are aimed at policymakers who have the power to make policy changes that would enhance the chances of success of social marketing campaigns.
Structuration theory: Its Application and Place among Other Sociological Theories Margaret Archer once stated that ‘the problem of structure and agency has rightly come to be seen as the basic issue in modern social theory’. The debate on whether human behavior is shaped by social surrounding, or is the outcome of individual’s own characteristics, today is the central issue in sociology. By his structuration theory, Giddens thus made an important attempt to address this problem. More specifically, he proposed a theory that seeks to resolve this scientific dispute, by claiming that society and an individual are in the relation of mutual influence. The theory therefore became a popular and well-known sociological lens not only among social scientists,
Goffman, through the social interaction theory, tried to use this analogy to explain why we do certain things, react in certain ways, and explain others’ reactions. In Sociology Hub it states that “the quality of our performances is essential to our sense of self. More than that, we put our self on the line every time we engage in interaction. As much as possible, in our presentation of self, we try to shape how people perceive us and what kind of impression we make on the audience. Goffman calls this process impression management.
First of all, I could acquire many new ideas from courses and literature, and have discussions with my classmates and brew brand-new ideas by brainstorming. Secondly, I wish to be involved in more fieldwork experience so as to improve my social work skills. Besides, I hope to get more guidance during my social work practice because only reflection can make practice more valuable. Afterwards, participating in research work is another wish of me. I hope to get a chance to do research by conducting surveys or interviews, rather than mere literature research.