The general strain theory of crime, which was developed by criminologist Robert Agnew, would be best to explain this type of offense. Most stressors in daily life can be seen as easily solvable with money. Rather than working for financial gain, some people find it easier to commit crimes because it is a faster way to get what they want. This encompasses the reason for counterfeiting money because it involves the 3 main ingredients for the strain theory.
For example, the controversy surrounding abortion. Women were conducting back-alley abortions at the time, and attempting to create safer environments for the procedure. While the entire matter was dangerous and the women operating on the pregnant women were brave for doing so, the film makes is seem as if the problems
The video that made me think the most, was Prison Kids: Juvenile Justice in America. They interviewed many kids, parents and the government officials who worked alongside these programs. This video was the most interesting to me because you do not hear much about kids being arrested. The video goes into something that was discussed in class several times, as well as a controversial topic in society.
The criminal activities theory talks about crime events (Criminal Justice, n.d.) It looks at why some people commit crimes and what are the motivations to commit the crimes. This theory suggests that the daily routine of society could cause or create the opportunity for a crime. All you need is a likely offender, a target, and the absence of a guardian to create an opportunity for a crime. Suggestions made to reduce crime from this theory try to alter the routines and limit opportunities to prevent crimes.
Between the mid-late 1970s and the early 1980s, Dennis Nilsen began mass murdering young men in Great Britain that had at least 15 men through strangulation (Crime Investigation, 2014). In analyzing his life, many of contributions throughout his life could have influenced his criminal behaviour when committing his crimes. Many theories such as broken home hypothesis and schema therapy theory use psychological explanations that determine how the individual resulted into committing their crimes. With schema therapy theory, not only does it discuss the justification for criminal behaviour, but suggests how to reduce the relapse of criminal acts by identifying the cause or the trigger of the individual’s criminal behaviour (Vos et al., 2016). In Dennis Nilsen’s life, there are several indications such as the abandonment of his family members, the termination of a past relationship, and the reclusiveness from society that could have resulted
It showed her struggle to get away, and her struggle to rebuild a new and better life. It could have also been viewed in the perspective of the ex husband who was the abuser. It would be interesting to know what was running through his head while he is abusing her, and then tracking her down. Was he in a normal mental state or not? He was a drunk, so was his actions caused by the alcohol, or was he just a mean person in
In today's society crime tends to be more present in disadvantaged neighborhoods. Not all neighborhoods start out as a heavily violent one. Each neighborhood goes through a cycle to gain the negative reputation it has to this day. When there is a change, not everyone can adapt as well. With changes comes industries pushing local out of their homes, then a decrease in opportunities to works and this eventually leads to people competing with each other. Crime has a significant impact that leaves a negative reputation for all who live in that particular neighborhood. When using the social disorganization theory as a base, it is seen through rapid change, competition, and social structure, that poor neighborhoods tend to have a higher level
As she gained fame she often viewed workhouses and private homes where they kept people in cages and closets while chained and beaten. She went on to get the government to fund 32 hospitals for the people who were being abused and the mentally ill and wanted to put an end to it.
Theories help answer two very important questions; how and why. The purpose of a theory is to explain how and why certain things and/or events are connected to other things and/or events. Everything done in the criminal justice field is based on theory. In criminology, theories answer questions about criminal behavior that would have otherwise not been answered. Theories give clues to how and why people commit criminal acts. By providing the motives behind criminal activity, theories give criminologists a better understanding of crime (Bohm & Vogel, 2015). Theories of criminal behavior can relate to human nature, biological issues, psychological issues, sociological issues, economic issues, or a collaboration of two or more of these factors.
Crime can be dated back to many centuries ago in the history of the United States. Although types and definitions of crime have evolved over time, the crime itself has and continues to be viewed negatively by society. In addition, crime rates are never the same and have varied throughout history. So what factors deter or increase crime? This question has also been asked and studied by several throughout time. For instance, to determine crime rates, the four school of thoughts (the Chicago School, Differential Association/Social Learning, Anomie, and Strain theories) have studied crime rate and factors that surround crime. There are multiple studies conducted on crime but recently this large city that has made dramatic changes to its crime statistic
Social process theory depends on the interaction between individuals and society as an explanation and is also known as interactionist perspective. This theory assumes that everyone has the potential to violate the law and that criminality is not an innate human characteristic but is instead a belief that criminal behavior is learned by interaction with others (Schmalleger, 2012). Social process feels the socialization process that occurs because of group membership is the main way through which learning occurs (Schmalleger, 2012). Social process theory views criminality as people’s interactions with various organizations, institutions, and processes in society (Siegel, 2000). This theory feels that people from all areas have the potential
Recidivism is an extreme yet critical concept in the criminal justice system. This term is used to describe an offender that has replicated an undesirable behavior after they are rehabilitated, or have experienced the consequences of that said behavior. Recidivism creates a costly challenge to our society particularly in the United States. In the United States the recidivism rate is that of approximately 60% of released offenders (Grassel, Maxwell, Viscuso, Isorena, & Reyes 2012, p 17). Recidivism is assessed by an offenders unlawful acts that have resulted in a re-arrest, reconviction and or a return to incarceration with or without new sentencing during the three-year interval following the offender’s release.
The text indicates that increased reliance on prisons can only account for one third of the decrease in crime in the 1990’s. This indicates that although it is a help, it is not the cure. To say if this is viable, one would have to weigh the actual cost of imprisonment per person per year which the text indicates is $25,000, to a numerical number that would equal what crime takes from society. This is almost impossible to accomplish because not all crimes are equal.
I will be explaining through the seven elements of crime whether illegal drug use, prostitution, and gambling fit the elements (Bohm & Haley, 2011). The seven elements of the crime are harm, legality, actus reus, mens rea, causation, concurrence, and punishment.
Juvenile Delinquency is a phenomenon that affects communities worldwide according to media reports, both print and electronic, where worrying images of youths involved in behavior outside societal norm has been highlighted. This issue has been studied by researchers locally, regionally and internationally where results has shown that delinquency has been influenced by a number of factors such as age, gender, race, family circle, environment, socioeconomic status et cetera.