Particular points are focused in this approach instead of general points. Different methods are used in inductive approach for collecting data, which includes surveys, experiments, interviews, and observations. Under this approach, effective analysis of the primary data is provided which further helps in obtaining reliable and effective conclusions. This approach is used for qualitative studies because of which it is considered as appropriate for this considered study (Kuada, 2012). Research Design Various research designs are there that can be used by the researcher for analysing the collected data.
A problem statement is an issue that needs to be addressed, it provides the context of the study and it generates the questions which the research aims to answer and is instrumental in framing the context of the research as well as what is to be attained by pursuing the opportunity or bridging the gap in the current subject matter body of knowledge. The research problem also gives insight to those using the knowledge in the future as to the scope of the research and any limitations that would affect the outcomes of the study. Is the research problem the same as the problem statement? No they are not – the research problem is the broad area that is being investigated by the particular study while the problem is a specific statement, or articulation of what would be investigated, under what conditions as well as the outcomes and proposed next
It provides the background that supports your investigation and offers the reader a validation for your study of a particular research problem. According to Creswell (2009), it includes the variables you intend to measure and the relationships you seek to apprehend.
Whenever a researcher is embarking on a research, he/she will be engaged in developing knowledge. Saunders et al. (2016:124) state that at every stage of the research, the researcher is bound to make several types of assumptions, whether knowingly or unknowingly. These include assumptions about human knowledge (epistemological assumptions), about the realities you encounter in your research (ontological assumptions) and the extent and ways your own values influence your research process (axiological assumptions) (Saunders et al, 2016:124). These assumptions are said to determine how the researcher understands the research questions, the methods to be used and also how findings will be interpreted.
This means that a researcher cannot be solely tied to one type of data collection or research. They must use different methods to validate their data and their opinion. For example, a researcher was to conduct research using a qualitative study and a qualitative study, that researcher would be able to compare data. After comparing and analyzing the data, if researcher finds that they are receiving patterns in answers, they are validating the
Therefore it is very important for researchers to select an appropriate audience; individuals who are able to relate to the study and the experiment. The next phase involves data editing, researchers have to go back and review the raw data.
At each phase in my research I will make various kinds of assumptions. These incorporate assumptions about human knowledge (epistemological assumptions), about the reality I experience in my study (ontological assumptions) and the degree and ways my own esteems impact my research procedure (axiological assumptions). These assumptions unavoidably shape how I comprehend my study question, the techniques I utilize and how I translate my results. I believe that a well-thoroughly considered and reliable consistence of assumptions will constitute a valid research
Chapter III Research Methodology This research gives further information and shows the research methods used in the study. It presents the research design, the locale and instruments used, the selection of the study, sampling technique, data gathering procedure and the process of data analysis and its interpretation. Research Design The research design presents the method used to satisfy the problems stated in the study. This research focused on the phenomenological aspects of the study so that we will be able to fully understand what our co-researchers are going through. Phenomenology is a reflective study of the nature of consciousness as experienced from by the person’s point of view himself (Husserl, N.D).
Generally speaking, in many areas, researchers in conducting studies follow particular procedures in order for making sure of the credibility of a particular study and of testing out a theory, hypothesis, and so forth. One of the methods used in modern research is the sampling process. This essay aims to explain the meaning and the two different types of sampling term in great details, and to exhibit the errors that can be made in employing these types. In addition, an attempt is made to elucidate how the sampling is utilised in certain empirical studies of primary sources. Sampling is defined by Denzin (1989:71) as “a set of rules that place the observer in a situation to record or elicit a set of behaviours which are presumed to have
Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. It may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. In short the system of collecting data for research project is known as research methodology. This includes various steps that are generally adopted by a researcher in studying his research problem along with the logic behind them. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniques but also the methodology.