Major Sociological Theories For centuries Sociologist that provided their differing positions in regards to different social and cultural phenomena. Fascinated by how things relate, philosophers have come up with many arguments supporting the changes in society. To provide a healthier explanation for their positions they create theories backed by studies and observation. A theory is essential as it is a composition of 2 or more concepts. Essential to the world the sociology, Karl Marx has played an instrumental role in the study of society.
According to Mannheim, the sociological analysis of ideologies constitutes an important part of the sociology of knowledge. The sociology of knowledge is considered to be a part of the empirical discipline of sociology. Here the main focus is on sociological theory but not of the methodology of sociology. The main concern of the sociology of knowledge must be commonsensical knowledge rather than ideas. The society would not also exist without knowledge and is in accordance with Mannheim.
Durkheim goes on to explain what the function is with in the division of labor, and with his outlook of it, he says it creates social cohesion. This becomes the industrial revolution Durkheim goes on to say; this comes to produce a lot of tension and turmoil. Durkheim resolved this problem by contradiction the developing of the notion of an anomie. Which is going to be usually translated as the normlessness, which we can break it down to mean as insufficient of the normative regulation. This is the periods of what is considered a rapid social change, individuals are going to experience what is seemed as alienation from the group goals and also the values within the group.
These include: Early sociological thought, Classical sociological thought and Modern sociological thought. The main focus of this paper lies predominantly in the classical sociological thought that boasts of broad pessimistic themes. In this school of thought were sociological minds such as those of Emile Durkheim, Max Weber and Karl Marx. During the rise of capitalism, there was a great deal of suffering that resulted in a lot of people decrying what the economic machine was doing to the body of society. Karl Marx 's voice was the most
He perceived around him the prevalence of anomic a personal sense of rootlessness fostered by the absence of social norms. More and more of his thought became concerned with education and religion as the two most potent means of reforming humanity or of moulding the new institutions required by the deep structural changes in society. He became a well-known sociologist famous for his views on the structure of society. His work focused on how traditional and modern societies evolved and function. His theories were found on the concept of social facts, defined as the norms, values and structure of the society.
Introduction Globalization is the process of economic, financial, trade, governments of different nations’ interaction. This process affects significantly not only local environment, culture, political system, economic development, also human physical well-being in societies around the world. (Globalization101.org, 2017) Global sustainability concerns with the use of resources over time, moreover, it sees the world as entirety and studies how the world’s people exploit individual resources globally, especially some specific natural resources. (McGee, 2017) As far as I am concerned about that globalization is not only a trend of doing business, also strong influence of lifestyle, for instance, more and more companies prefer to establish their factories in some countries with lower labor cost, and fast-food culture spreads from the United State to universe. Besides, in my opinion that global sustainability is mostly related to the positive aspects, for example, the issue of global warming and poverty can be solved by the cooperation of different government from countries worldwide and NGOs.
When it comes to Critical Social Theory and The Sociological Imagination, there are so many social issues that people are unclear on solving and that’s the reason Sociological Imagination is made, to convey attention to issues and taking a gander at the world sociologically, making sociological inquiries and giving sociological answers. The term Critical Social Theory is a very important term not only in Sociology but also in the world. The term was coined in Frankfurt, Germany in the 1930’s (Appelrouth and Edles 2012). Basic Social Theory was made to realize change in the public eye. It is utilized to look at society in general and achieve change in social issues.
The relationships within and between societies, as well as their interactions with the environment, have undergone major shifts since globalization emerged several centuries ago. This process brought about both positive and negative changes; however, its negative impacts are more historically prominent, as it brought about an era of disease pandemics, the mass exploitation of natural resources, and global warming. To better understand these issues, one may study how globalization in history bears a resemblance to the closely linked society of Easter Island, whose clans collectively depleted their resources and consequently destroyed their society. A similarly close economic system also made it possible for the 14th century’s Black Death to occur. Finally, modern history gave way to the beginning of mass pollution and deforestation through the Industrial Revolution, which in turn accelerated globalized trade and led to more disease pandemics.
There were major economic matters affected social benefits in the Industrial Revolution. It changed the process of transporting goods between allied countries became harder. As a result, social affairs and duels happened between people and goods weren 't as promised. Moreover why historians come to think that pressure came from factories, It came from workers and supervisors too. Another leading reason would be that Industrialization increased population which would embolden people to discover new lands and regions.
The appearance of rural-urban migration, urbanization and globalization had occurred over the past years affecting both Jakarta and the people living there. The effects of their trademark had affected areas not just in Jakarta but also countries around the world. The effects have been categorized in two, positives and negatives. Majority of these effects have been influenced negatively. However, I believe that both categories hold a great amount of influence that develops countries to change the way they are now.