Due to low hearing capacity, the listener tries hard to make sense out of the auditory information. In this process, the cognitive load increases significantly. The people tend to divert the actual instruction as they have invested many efforts in perceiving and understanding the current conversation. 2) Dementia - People with mild, moderate and severe hearing loss are more likely to develop dementia than the people with normal hearing. Though there are other factors like diabetes, high blood pressure, age, sex and race, hearing loss and dementia are still strongly associated.
If treatment for ECC is delayed, the difficulty in treatment and the cost effectiveness increases. The most common immediate consequence of untreated dental caries is dental pain affecting their eating, talking, playing and sleeping. Children having ECC are at greater risk of developing more caries in their primary and permanent dentition. Severe ECC can deteriorate the child’s anterior esthetics at an early age. Subsequently, the child may suffer from difficulties involving speech articulation as these initial years are critical for speech development.
The Predominant Theory is a theory that tells dyslexia is caused by a fundamental deficiency in the processing of phonological information. The Double Deficit Theory is a theory that tells dyslexics have a weak phonological awareness(of sound in words) and also tells that dyslexic suffers inherent problems in processing information at a given speed, which cause interference in many cognitive activities that includes reading and writing. Magnocellular Impairment Theory is a theory that tells dyslexics ' visual, learning, and processing issues are caused by a deficit in the magnocellular pathway. Cerebellar Impairment Theory is a theory that believes that the mild dysfunction of the cerebellum leads to an inability to effect the timed eye movements
INTRODUCTION Cerebral palsy is a chronic disorder caused by static lesion to the immature brain that is characterized by deficits in movement and postural control.Because of impairments such as weaknessspasticity and in coordination,many child with cerebral palsy have difficulty with activities such as ADL’S,functional task such as gait1.Over time ,it was realized that atypical motor patterns became established through practice and experience in the competition of motor patterns2influenced by musculoskeletalcomponents3.Through the development of the sciences of motor control and motor learning,the hierarchical reflex model of motor control adopted by bobath has been replaced by more dynamic approach.4-7Improving one’s ability to walk or to perform other functional activities are often primary therapeutic goals for children with cerebral palsy. Population based studies around the world report prevalence estimates of cerebral palsy ranging from 1.5 to more than 4 per 1000 live births or children of a defined age range8,9,10,11Spasticity is a major challenge for rehabilitation of cerebral palsy.Spasticity can hamper
Children with Down’s syndrome do learn to walk, talk and be toilet trained, but in general will meet these developmental milestones later than their ordinary peers and find it difficult to form relationships. o ADHD/ADD: Children with attention deficit and/or hyperactivity face many difficulties as they grow up. As infants, those later diagnosed with ADHD are often described to have been excitable, irritable, colicky, or inconsolable. Often they are very physically active, easily distracted, and can be extremely sensitive to sights, sounds and touch, which can make traditional soothing methods seem ineffective. o Hearing impairment: Hearing is a critical part of language development, communication and learning.
Goldsmith & Linda A. LeBlanc, 2004) . ASDs vary substantially in the severity and nature of symptoms but are defined by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction as well as the presence of restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior(Tina R. Goldsmith & Linda A. LeBlanc, 2004).Other than that, signs of autism include difficulty talking about personal feelings or understanding the feelings of others, disinclination to share or engage in reciprocal play with others, lack of eye contact and joint attention behavior, difficulty communicating or using language, and sensitivity to physical contact(Tina R. Goldsmith & Linda A. LeBlanc, 2004). Besides that, early intervention is critical for a positive long-term outcome, and many individuals need high levels of support throughout their lives such as treatments include applied behavior analysis in which positive and negative behaviors are encouraged and discouraged to improve social and communicative skills(Tina R. Goldsmith & Linda A. LeBlanc, 2004). Other approaches is focus on utilizing nonhuman partners to facilitate human-human social interaction, for instance, through pet-assisted therapy(Tina R. Goldsmith & Linda A. LeBlanc, 2004). Although computer-assisted therapy and virtual reality approaches have shown some success which is has been limited investigation of the parameters of the facilitative interactions and of the conditions necessary to generalize the benefits to interactions with human partners(Tina R. Goldsmith & Linda A. LeBlanc,
Rumination is referred to ‘the repetitive thoughts and behaviours that drag individual’s attention on their symptoms and on the implications of these symptoms’. In accordance, existing research reports that rumination decreases the accuracy of memory, increasing memory incorrections (Watkins & Teasdale, 2001). Both mechanisms and their cognitive nature facilitate false memory recollection. Additionally, in support of the latter, Yeh and Hua (2009) in their study, found that depressed individuals report more false memories regarding negative items that outnumber the positive ones. In the same study they have proved that there seems to be no difference in false memories for positive items between healthy and depressed individuals.
In a developing disorder there is no clear point of identifiable neurological most basic. An extraordinary obtained issue might be caused by a discovered neurological condition or be followed to a state of onset, for example, mental injury. Developmental dialect disorders have an effect on children's functional language skills. To get instance, they may be unable to use dialect properly and can show up direct and change the main topic of discussion quickly. Research have shown that developing language issues are usually acquired, as particular disorders can introduce in people with a history of learning or language issues.
The Glasgow coma score is sensitive to identify children early in the course of developing cerebral edema. Severe neurologic compromise is a poor prognostic indicator, primarily because such children are at increased risk for developing cerebral edema during therapy. In the same line Sholeen T (2014) found that, in her study about Biomarkers and genetics of brain injury risk in diabetic ketoacidosis: A pilot study, Forty percent exhibited abnormal mentation (Glasgow Coma Scale s mental and neurologic status. Arlan L. Rosenbloom (2011) stated that, Successful management and early intervention for complications requires close monitoring. A flow chart should be maintained to document all relevant incidents regarding the children’s condition.
There are a few speech, language and communication difficulties that affects some of us during our lives. Among one of them is stammering. Stammering, also called stuttering, is a speech problem that happens during childhood and stays throughout adulthood. It is the act of saying words or sentences with difficulty, and repeating the initial letters of words, with sudden involuntary pauses. It is an involuntary act, that happens without warnings or that happens for certain particular words or during important moments.
Find the product of (x + (3+5i))2. Answers 1. x^2 +64= Answer: (x+8i)(x-8i) 2. 16x^2+49= Answer: (4x+7i)(4x-7i) 3. (x+9i)^2= (x+9i)(x+9i= x^2+9ix+9ix+81i^2=x^2+18ix+(-81)= Answer: x^2+18ix-81 4. (x-2i)^2=(x-2i)(x-2i)=x^2-2ix-2ix+4i^2=x^2-4ix+(-4)= Answer: x^2-4ix-4 5.
In conversation it can be difficult to be the listener with a speaker who is a stutterer. The listener may feel extra pressure or confusion as to how he or she should respond or act in a moment where the speaker has become dysfluent. The stutterer can recognize this level of discomfort and begins to for negative emotions about his or her self. Healey (2010) believes the following emotions may manifest, “From the perspective of individuals who stutter, it is not uncommon to hear them report they are fearful of a listener’s negative reactions, being made fun of, looking foolish, or appearing unintelligent (p. 227). It is important for people who stutter (PWS) to recognize that not every listener or audience will formulate negative opinions.
They also have poor social skills, causing trouble getting along with others. Adapting to change and switching from one task to another are other signs of FAS. Often students with FAS have problems with behavior and are impulsive. This makes it difficult to stay out of trouble in school. bAll of these social and behavioral signs are used to determine a diagnosis for FAS.
Neglected children lack parental support, leaving the children with greater relational stress. Severe parental neglect has a damaging impact on a child’s language development, with many studies revealing significant impacts on receptive and expressive language delay (Sylvestre, 2010). Maltreatment can also have a huge effect on brain development, which can lead to cognitive, behavioral, affective, academic, and social functioning impairments. Impaired language performance is shown in maltreated children, with other issues in poor functioning on measures of visuospatial processing, memory and learning, and perceptual
So what are the signs that do indicate that a child is dyslexic? Language is made up of sounds, and the phonological component is the ability to identify and manipulate individual sound units that make up a word. If you are dyslexic, you have problems processing the sounds of language. This includes being able to separate individual sounds or syllables. An example of this is how many sounds are in sleigh?