Socrates, Plato and Aristotle—three philosophers that laid the foundation for Western philosophy as we know it today. In a chain of teacher-student relationships, Socrates’ teachings directly shaped Plato’s and in turn Aristotle’s philosophy. Together, their teachings had major implications for the meaning of education and the subsequent role it should play in society. The oldest of the three philosophers, Socrates, was born 470 BCE and passed in 399 BCE. Socrates has been credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy.
“The Republic” is a book written by Plato in 380B.C. and was considered one of the most important works of political theory. Plato was born in 428 B.C., he founded the Academy in Athens where he gave higher learning for people. He believed that the Academy would produce future leaders who could help his country become a luxurious and just. His idea was that a just city is a city where every part of it does its own work without interfering in others work (principle of specialization).
In 387 BCE, Plato founded the Academy where people would study a wide variety of subjects from a variety of instructors. Plato believed that this system would lead to social progress and a more stable government. Eventually, one particularly promising student at the Academy by the name of Aristotle became Plato 's protégé. He spent the ensuing years writing and teaching at the Academy until his death in 347 BCE. His ideas eventually became the basis for the Western philosophical tradition.
Plato’s doctrine is a source of Western political thought. The political elites of the west today can still see the shadow of his influence. Confucius and Plato share the similar life experience and the life pursuit. Both of them lived in the period when the slavery system declined and both of them had the ambition to create an ideal society. Therefore, through compare with Confucius and Plato’s idea, we can see there are some similarities in their concepts of philosophy and education.
Plato writes these books about Socrates’ life to dive deep into his thoughts, truth, and worldview. He is from Athens and helped to develop Athenian art and philosophy during the golden age of Athens around 400 BC. Socrates believes that once, the soul separates from the body, it can obtain true wisdom and understanding of love in the afterlife. Socrates’ worldview was of deep thinking and consisted of rational in his views of gaining true wisdom in afterlife, humility on his journey in obtaining wisdom, peaceful thought patterns, and his wise views to view love for the true beauty of the soul through obtaining a deeper connection. Before Socrates’ trial before the men of Athens, he is with the Oracle (a middle man between man and the gods who sought prophecy) and the Oracle tells him that he is the wisest human on the planet.
Communication, whether verbal or in writing, is important to understand, considering people communicate with others every day. Philosophers like Aristotle and Plato spent time writing about their ideas revolving around communication. Though these philosophers lived approximately 2,500 years ago, their implications still relate to modern society. For example, these philosophers arrive to conclusions regarding adapting to the audience, establishing credibility, and being clear and precise. These passages from Aristotle and Plato both indicate how a twenty-first century communicator should approach communication, and how it can improve situations in which communication is used in society.
Plato, the ancient Greek philosopher, was one of the first in the history of Western philosophy who created conception of justice. Moreover, he did it with the help of the Socratic Method, which is very important for this research. Surely, the idea of justice entirely captivated the Plato’s soul, and the main reasons of such interest were Plato’s life path in general and the epoch he lived. In fact, Plato had everything to lay a solid foundation of the theoretical explanation of the idea of justice. For instance, it was his genealogy, the educational training during young years, the meeting with Socrates, many trips all around the world and acquaintance with all possible models of social order at that time.
Protagoras was a critic, an instructor of sorts, and was held in high respects by the Greek Philosophers ' general public. Socrates needed to chat with Protagoras not just because of him being the most well-known mastermind in Greece at the time, additionally to discover what precisely he instructs after his companion, Hippocrates, who was setting himself up to go learn under Protagoras, neglects to answer him. In this exposition, I will give a scientific outline of the exchange amongst Socrates and Protagoras. Presently concerning why Socrates is keen on recognizing what Protagoras educates, I for one observe the motivation to be a blend of interest with a touch of envy. Realizing that Protagoras was proclaimed as the best mastermind of his exchange, Socrates needs to recognize what the mystery behind all that buildup is.
New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc., p. 171-181 In one of his dialogues, Plato tried to address one of the most challenging inquiries in history namely, WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE? In his Thaetetus, the notion of knowledge is discuss by setting up and throwing down definitions of science and knowledge. Plato first eliminated the confusions in the idea of knowledge and specific kinds of knowledge. He then ascertained the nature of the definition before proceeding to analyse the presented definitions and assertions. There are three theories of knowledge that Plato emphasized: 1) ‘Knowledge is sensible
In this paper, I will argue that Martin Luther King Jr. is a modern day Socrates. In order to obtain a proper definition, I will describe three main characteristics that a modern day Socrates must possess; these characteristics include determination, a desire to shape minds, and wisdom. First, I will describe exactly why these characteristics of Socrates are important by providing supporting evidence from Plato. Afterwards, I will describe why Martin Luther King Jr. possesed said characteristics; in doing so, I will give evidence from The Letter from the Birmingham City Jail to support my claims. Determination drives change.