Socrates And Pythagoras Research Paper

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Ancient Greek philosophers and modern western scientists have contributed their theories and knowledge during their respective lifetimes as well more modern times. Ancient Greek philosophers, such as Socrates and Pythagoras, were associated with many areas, such as math, science, rhetoric, logic, and reasoning. Their main process for creating discoveries was proposing a concept and then justifying it by their reasoning, only taking into consideration whether the hypotheses ‘sounded good’ as opposed to testing their theories and proving it through empirical evidence. Ancient Greek philosophers played out the basis for further probing in a wide range of topics, but minimally developed complete ideas that could be wholly accounted for. On the…show more content…
He was a mathematician, musician and philosopher. Pythagoras’ philosophy was based on the theory that everything can be explained with numbers. This theory is prevalent in practically everything that we do and know in the modern world; the size of an earthquake, the distance an electric car can travel, the floor we live on, dates, times – all can be defined by numbers. Pythagoras’ theory is truly profound and without the use of numbers to explain what, when and how ‘everything’ in the universe, we would truly be lost. Pythagoras is also known to have developed the concept of numerology, which states that there is a supernatural influence of numbers on life. Numerology considers only the existence of positive, whole numbers. Pythagoras personified numbers and gave them unique characteristics, such as masculinity, femininity, beauty, and perfectness. He believed that these traits could affect a persons’ life. Today, people apply this concept to having a “lucky number” (e.g. 7 or 3 are common) or unlucky number (13). However, in modern day terms, numerology is considered to be a superstition and is not applicable in the scientific world. In addition to having abstract views of numbers, Pythagoras is perhaps most famous for his concrete discovery, known as the Pythagorean Theorem, which states that in a right triangle, the sum of the squares of the 2 smaller sides is equal to the square of…show more content…
Greek philosophers were generally involved in many areas, while modern scientist are known for developing specific entities in which they were specialized in, In Socrates’ and Pythagoras’ time, their society was not accepting of any views that diverged from the beliefs of the sophists and the belief in a polytheistic religious system. Socrates was condemned for his method mostly because he didn 't agree with the polytheistic views, but also because the method it didn 't align with the values and teachings already present, but yet it is still used today. Pythagoras complied with the religious values of his time, so his philosophies were generally accepted because they could be clearly justified by logic. In ancient times, there was generally much resistance towards new ideas. Philosophers ' ideas that did not conform to their standards were cast away, and even persecuted. But, in relatively recent times, although there is a specific process in which hypotheses should be proven, society has grown to be more accepting and welcoming of controversial ideas. Rather than having singular methods, like that of Socrates ', which did not encompass an entire field of knowledge, it allowed the development of precise areas in science to be far more extensive and detailed. Modern scientists did not have any religious
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