Euthyphro’s Dilemma is when Socrates asks Euthyphro, “Does God love goodness because it is good, or is it good because God loves it?” Euthyphro’s Dilemma is that God determines what is good and evil, right and wrong. This dilemma challenges the Divine Command theory because according to Euthyphro’s Dilemma we would be obligated to do something wrong because God commanded it. This conflicts with the Divine Command theory because it would imply that cruelty could be morally right if God told us to do so. The idea that cruelty can be morally right goes up against the belief in the Divine Command Theory because it proposes that an action's status that is morally good is equivalent to whether it is commanded by God
Socrates allows Thrasymachus to entertain his ideas in a public setting, but questions his position on the fallibility and infallibility of rulers. Thrasymachus is in favor of the strong ruling as opposed to the weak, while Socrates believes that those with the proper knowledge and capabilities should rule over the general population. Through asking the correct questions, Socrates was able to deconstruct the argument that Thrasymachus believed was untouchable. Thrasymachus could have answered Socrates in a more successful way by putting more thought into his answers, and by treating Socrates with more respect. Due to Thrasymachus’ incapability of completing the aforementioned, Socrates has the stronger argument because he demonstrates that
For centuries, people have debated whether one’s future is determined by fate or free will. When Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey, this topic is prevalent as a theme. The ancient greeks, it seems, were of the opinion that free will is merely an illusion. In christianity, both modern and ancient, they believe that God knows what will happen but allows one to make their own choices.
From the “Night” by Elie Wiesel, his Jew character turns to God and asks: “What are You, my God? I thought angrily. How do You compare to this stricken mass gathered to affirm to You their faith, their anger, their defiance? What does Your grandeur mean, Master of the Universe, in the face of all this cowardice, this decay, and this misery?
During his discussion with Socrates, Euthyphro agrees with much of Socrates reasoning. One of these many concessions is that “the gods love the pious act because it is pious”. This concession ultimately leads to Socrates defeating Euthyphro’s claim. Therefore, Euthyphro should have answered slightly different than just a defeated “yes”. However, because of Euthyphro’s definition of the pious, equating the pious to the god loved, the statement is circular in understanding, but it remains a true statement.
The themes in Peter Shaffer 's Equus (1973) has a lot in common with Socrates ' speeches about passion and madness in Phaedrus (~370 B.C.), in Equus we see two characters on opposite sides of the madness spectrum: Dysart, haunted by his job and lack of passion, and Alan Strang, tortured by his devotion and madness. This divide estranges Dysart from society’s values and brings them into question. The answer to his dilemma lies in Socrates’ second speech. In Equus we see the divide between rationality and passion, the two ends of the spectrum, and by using Socrates’ views on madness we can analyze and solve the divide. Socrates states in his second speech in Plato’s Phaedrus, that madness can be a gift from the gods, and that some of the greatest blessings in life come from such madness.
Table of Content Introduction on Socrates 3 The relationship between Socrates, Plato, Xenophon and Aristotle 4 Socratic Method 6 Socratic Paradoxes 8 Contribution of Socrates to sociology 10 Death and Execution 12 Conclusion 15 References 16 INTRODUCTION ON SOCRATES To begin with, Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher who was born 470 BC in Athens, Greece.
The next angle of perfection to be analyzed is slightly more personal to humans in general as it deals with perfection in oneself and not our thoughts, philosophies and ideologies. Taking perfection in terms of the perfect person can be considered as a difficult topic to approach as different people may have different views of what the perfect person should be. For example there have been distinctions made between what Germany led by Hitler during the Second World War and what colonial powers such as Britain thought were the perfect race. Hitler’s Germany was inspired by a newfound love for Aryanism; the idea of the German people being the “master race” in the world. Whereas in Britain the British were considered to be superior than other races
The Divine Command Theory (DCT) explains which actions are moral based on whether or not God commands it. The theory is difficult to support due to its flaws, arbitration, and even due to the essence of God. While Divine Command Theorists may completely support this theory, I will argue why the theory is impractical and cannot dictate what is morally right or wrong. In understanding if this theory holds ground we must question what God commands. Instead of uncritically accepting a theory we must put it to question and eliminate any flaws.
Socrates is trying to test the point that no individual aspires to do or want things that are bad for this. This is because he states that no individuals yearns to be miserable and unhappy. This, undeniably, is true. However, even though no individual wishes to be miserable and unhappy, people do wish to make other individuals miserable and unhappy. What Socrates fails to see is that countless amounts of individuals wish to do bad deeds and hurt others, however, they themselves do not want to be made unhappy throughout that process.
Socrates asks Euthyphro “is the holy, holy because it is loved by the gods?” or “is something loved by the gods because it is holy?” Euthyphro was charging his father with murder. Not that he physically put his hands on one, but while another was awaiting the decision, his father left the man to die of starvation and lack of water. In Euthyphro’s eyes, his father was the murder of this man. The reason he is prosecuting his father is because he believes in the Gods and that no matter if someone is of kin if it is not right then it just isn’t right.
Section 1: question 3 Euthyphro’s Dilemma is a modernized version of the question that Socrates askes in Euthyphro: “Are morally good acts willed by God because they are morally good, or are they morally good because they are willed by God?” This dilemma or argument proves or contradicts that the Divine command theory is wrong. The following argument order was also discussed in class, but this sequence by Jonathan Pearce seemed like a better explanation. (1) 1.
Rachel Kim PHIL 100 Professor Thibodeau November 10, 2016 The Euthyphro Dilemma The Euthyphro Dilemma is the questioning of the relation between God and righteous actions. Option A is that the pious is loved by the gods because it is pious. Option B is that the pious is pious because it is loved by the gods.
The Euthyphro is a dialogue between the Greek philosopher Socrates and Euthyphro, set in the court of King Archon. Euthyphro is a local townsperson known to Socrates. Euthyphro is a zealot, appearing before the court to prosecute his father on charges of murder. Euthyphro’s father killed Euthyphro’s slave after the slave killed the father’s slave. Socrates happens to be at court the same day as Meletus lays charges on him of atheism and demonism.