He wanted to create an impact on humanity by relying on the truth and shining a light in people’s lives, even if they put him on trial. Socrates defended himself and showed the truth by standing up for what he believed in. By doing this, he was put to death. Socrates effectively used the three acts of the mind to rebut the charges made against him at trial. Socrates used the first act of the mind: understanding.
With this in mind, I will move on to Socrates’s example. Socrates conjures an imaginary conversation with the city in which the city asks him if he is destroying the laws and the city itself by escaping. For if someone as esteemed as Socrates were to go against the laws of the city surely others would follow which would lead to the end of order and justice. Crito believes that their response to the city should be that the city wronged Socrates. However, this points back to the conclusion established earlier about wrongful actions.
The father of western philosophy has a doctrine of virtue, he presents that the philosophical life is the best life; but he is put to death for his teachings. Socrates was executed in 399 B.C.E in Athens, his infamous trial was documented by his student, Plato who distributed "The Apology," 40-50 after the trial occurred. Socrates allowed himself to be put on trial because he believed that his death would shine light on his life as well as his teachings; thus, he intentionally lost the trial. At 70, Socrates was put on trial for atheism, his investigation of things below and aloft of the Earth, his education to younger students, and the corruption of the youth of Athens; these charges were pressed Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon. Throughout the entirety of the trial he never stopped talking and searched for justification for
He especially liked to challenge the authority and government of Athens. He would examine both his and their point of view. Socrates drew conclusions from what he’d heard and later on life it became more useful during his trail. He was on trial for corrupting the youth by asking questions and going against the Greek gods believes in regards to power. On trial, he performed The Apology, to the judges who didn’t take it as an apology but more as defense statements.
Can matricide ever be justified? The Eumenides is the last tragedy of the trio The Oresteia written by Aeschylus. The tragedy narrates the shift of the justice system from the old gods’ absolute approach towards the new gods’ approach that enables hearing of the other side of a crime. The crime on trial is matricide committed by Orestes, defended as a revenge of his father’s murder. Both sides make claims centring around the judgement of Zeus, the most powerful, to determine the borders of justice.
The conspirators thought that the plebeians would understand their motives, but, instead,“the city was in shock, and people became increasingly more hostile” after the assassination (Wasson). The commoners sided with Anthony and Octavian, ignoring the lack of justifications that the conspirators and Brutus provided. They were angry that their beloved king had been assassinated by the senators who were supposed to be working and supporting him. The author of The Assassination of Julius Caesar. A People’s History of Ancient Rome and political scientist, Michael Parenti, stated that Caesar’s assassination “marked a turning point in the history of Rome.
Conversely, the senator mislead his king into believing that he could be trusted. Brutus betrayed Caesar by deceiving him with false loyalty until he had a chance to kill the monarch, thus breaking the sacred vow of trust that came with their friendship. To begin, some may argue that Brutus killed Caesar for Rome’s well-being. In theory, this could have been true. Brutus may have thought that killing a potentially tyrannical dictator could have been a good thing for Rome.
Antony is trying to find out whether they believe if Brutus had a valid reason to assassinate Caeser. He achieves his goal of making the murder seem unethical by using his convincing argument. Overall, Mark Antony’s speech was helpful in trying to convince the Plebeians. By the end of his speech, the Plebeians believed that the murder of Julius Caesar by the conspirators was an unrightful doing. The conspirators might’ve gotten away with the murder, but will never be seen the same by the
In The Apology, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his conduct certainly not to apologize it. Derived from the Greek word “apologia,” which translates as a speech made in defense or as a defense only. This is an account of the speech Socrates makes at a trial in which he is charged inventing new deities, not recognizing the Gods recognized by state, and the Youth of Athens corruption. Phaedo claims to survey the events and conversations that happened on the day Socrates which is Plato’s teacher was put to death by the state of Athens. This is the most widely read dialogues written by Plato.
Cassius influenced Brutus to conspire against Caesar by stating, Caesar “is now become a god… and his name has been sounded more than [Brutus’s]” (Act 1, Scene 2, Line 118-145-6). Cassius’s arguments convinced Brutus in proving Caesar's murder would be just, but Caesar’s death is unjust because he is being murdered out of Brutus and Cassius’s jealousy. Both of the individuals are envious of the power that Caesar is being given by the people of Rome and want to end his life before they will lose their own power in the senate after Caesar becomes king. Brutus’ naive mind was easily convinced by Cassius that Caesar was not the best choice to assume the Roman throne because he would not listen to their political thoughts. Individuals, such as Cassius and Brutus, in the senate were afraid of having their power decreased because Caesar, as Brutus states, is an “unhatched serpent’s egg” (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 33).