In Book V of The Republic of Plato, Plato explores equality of the sexes and abolition of the family, in his ideal and just city. The first “wave” delineates that the same education should be provided for men and women. Moreover, the second “wave” highlights the roles of women and children in the community. These first two “waves” are connected and they reveal insight into the project of the city. Plato, in his writing, uses powerful examples that work to communicate his ideas in a less extreme manner.
They feel that society is constructed by the patriarchy to satisfy their desires. Due to this, they believe only a radical overhaul of society can bring about equality between both genders. Additionally, they preside that consciousness raising is the first step towards this end goal. In other words, radical feminists believe that some women are under a false
Mary Wollstonecraft was a philosopher and an advocate that fought for women’s rights, she strived for all sexes to be treated equally and believed that everyone regardless of what sex they were should receive an equal education. There were certain events that inspired Wollstonecraft to stand up for women’s rights. The first event was the writing of the French constitution that denied any rights to women and only granted citizenship to men. The other event was about education where she was inspired to write a book after the report that Charles Maurice de Talleyrand made stating that a women’s education should be focused toward submissive actions. Wollstonecraft responded to the revolutionary period where she strived to gain equal rights and political representation because those who had had
which citizens under law are as free as in the state of nature. However, within the household, he held, the man must rule and the woman must submit to this rule. Rousseau also maintained that women must be trained from the beginning to ‘serve’ and to ‘submit’ to men. Since the essence or spirit of being fully human was for Rousseau being free from submission to the will of another, women were to be denied the essential condition for being fully human. Rousseau felt that if women were accorded equality with men in the household which was the only domain open to them, it would bring about the dissolution of society.
The first strand that will be discussed will be that of Liberal feminism which focuses on the issues of gender equality. This theory has influenced the breeding of social activists whose main concern has been conceived as to protect and mend the political and social freedom of life. This has transcended to waging legal and political clashes against gender based violence on a domestic level among others. Feminist political philosophers have enlightened the distinct separation of domestic and public and their influence on maintaining patriarchal domination of women. The domestic setup such as the family has provided for this type of notion, given the roles of bearing children and being caregivers in the household (McAfee, 2014).
In the end all the methods used to protect women only reinforced the discrimination, and Handmaids are depicted as baby machines. All this class struggle leads to one answer, in this society freedom is all about what you are forced to achieve to serve the nation. Individuals do not settle their objectives, but the government that force them to accomplish them because they are morally correct. Women are expected to do their job, their “uses”, since it is for the wealth of the
In his book Emile, he described his vision of an ideal education for women and advocated that women should take an active role in the family. According to Rousseau, women should be “passive and weak”, “put up little resistance” and are “made specially to please the man”. He also clarifies the dominance of man as a function of “the sole fact of his strength”. Most men and women agreed with Rousseau and other Enlightenment thinkers that women belonged in the private sphere of the home and therefore had no role to play in public
First, we should define feminism. Basically, feminism is a philosophy that advocates equal rights for women and men. The more feminists seek to overthrow any sign of male dominance in our society, to the point where they disapprove the biblical roles of husbands and wives, defending abortion, and so on. Modern feminism is a forged solution to the real issue of the inequality of women. Feminism assumes to itself the right to demand respect and equality in every aspect of life.
For the feminists, all they think, smell, or see, is “how can this condition of inequality faced by women be addressed?” (Little & McGivern, 2013, p.31). Feminist sees the role of school, as the last hope for the women to level the playing field between them and men. A centre and opportunity for women empowerment. That is why she, “want to understand the mechanisms and the roots of gender inequality in education,” (Little & McGivern, 2013, p.499). She believes that, ‘equality in education is equality in all’ meaning that if women can achieve equality with men in education, they will achieve equality in socio-economic and political agenda.
Wollstonecraft proved that marriage doesn’t have to be the center of every woman’s world, and that education can be more beneficial to a woman than marriage. Anthony proved that despite the laws of the time, women are, and have always been, important, contributing citizens of society and therefore should be treated as such. Friedan proves that marriage isn’t everything, and women should place more focus on themselves and their careers. However, despite these valuable lessons we have learned, we have also seen that the realm of liberal feminism also contains a lot of contradictions. As I have stated time and time again, liberal feminism seeks equality, but not for everyone or to everyone.
The Second Stage focused on the time after feminism and been moderately accepted. According to the unknown authors of this article, “The demand for feminism done with, she wanted the focus of feminism to shift to effective juggling of career and home, equal distribution of responsibilities and economic freedom” (Betty Friedan Biography. (n.d.). This was one of her most famous works along with The Feminine Mystique. In The Second Stage, Friedan argues that once past the initial phases of describing and working against political and economic injustices, the women’s movement should focus on working with men to remake private and public arrangements that work against full lives with children for women and men both (The Second Stage.
Wollstonecraft’s feminist view discusses that the problem was not only men inhibiting women, but women themselves were also not pushing against the ideology that men were superior. She continues to explain her new feminist ideology that discusses changes in society that would create equality. This includes a new public education system where boys and girls studied together and learned the same things. Wollstonecraft concludes her
Wollstonecraft believed that her vision towards equality for women, by removing the power that men had in society, would truly end the segregation as men would not have dominance over women (Teachers Curriculum Institute, n.d.). She strongly believed that power had an influence towards the rights of women and she stated in her book ‘A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)’ “Let not men then in the pride of power, use the same arguments that tyrannic kings and venal ministers have used, and fallaciously assert that women ought to be subjected because she has always been so… It is time to affect a revolution in female manners-time to restore to them their lost dignity… It is time to separate unchangeable, morals from local manners,” (Anonymous,
Their new demands were based on what women at home might need instead of equal voting rights. In Woman’s Leader, Mary Stocks with Rathbone that the promotion of motherhood was more important than demanding equal pay and equal opportunities because “the majority of women workers are only birds of passage in their trade” (Kent, 1988, p. 241). With how feminism is seen today, this shift was a fatal change. This new feminism was so similar to