It is interesting how the plot twists; Alcibiades opts out praising Eros, and instead, he expresses his reverence towards Socrates. For this politician and playboy, Socrates seems as the perfect personification of Eros, and therefore, deserves the most cordial and sincere admiration. Alcibiades begins his speech with praising Socrates’ skills of a true philosopher and a distinguished speaker. However, Socrates’ reproach for others’ unjustified praise cannot be applied to Alcibiades’ one. “…I’m going to tell you the whole truth…” (217b), says Alcibiades.
There was a moment in the Apology, where Socrates discussed how he was told by the God of Delphi that he was the wisest man. Socrates did not believe this to be true, so he went on a search for someone wiser. It was through this search that Socrates discovered the ignorance that came with “wise” men. He started by seeking out the wisest men he had heard of who were politicians. This led him to discover that men who are considered wise by others ,and by themselves, often
Plato was one of the greatest Greek philosophers and was also considered as one of the most important personalities in history. He was known for his work in Apology, Phaedo, Symposium and Republic. The reason for Meno being so important is because it is probably one of the earliest dialogues created by Plato, and it starts off by Meno asking Socrates whether or not the virtue can be taught, and Socrates allures a slave boy to support his claim. Socrates asked the boy a mathematical question, and the boy answers the question completely wrong. This scenario was one of the first examples of mathematical problem.
Socrates' purpose in expressing the allegory is to show how the human race may not always see the truth but rather convince themselves that what they see is the truth. In other words, people allow themselves to believe what they would like to believe. As Socrates speaks, he has a questioning, curious and wise tone towards Glaucon, he speaks as if he does not even know the truth himself. By continuously asking Glaucon questions, Socrates is sparking a somewhat confused and thoughtful reaction. Glaucon himself sounds so deep in thought, he cannot utter more than a "very likely", "I agree", or "very true" to Socrates.
Socrates enjoyed how Agathon phrased his speech meticulously. He believes that all the others who have given a speech about love have done a great job, but he does not think they tell the truth about love. He asks if he could say his speech differently and to ask Agathon some questions about his speech and Phaedrus allows him to. Socrates asks whether love is a love of something. An example that he brought up is a father is a father of a son or daughter and Agathon agrees.
The main value that Socrates espouses is knowing oneself. He makes references to this several times throughout his address to the jury, beginning with the first line “I do not know, men of Athens, how my accusers affected you; as for me, I was almost carried away in spite of myself” (Plato 17a). This suggests that Socrates acknowledges that his accusers such talented speakers that they had the ability to cause him to even question who he was. His style of examining himself through questioning continues throughout his address when he considers how he has come to be known as wise. He asks what kind of wisdom he could possess and answers “Human wisdom, perhaps.
In The Republic, Socrates has some interesting views on the idea of what it means to be just and what a perfect and just society would look like. To me, some of his ideas made sense, while others seemed ridiculous. Despite some of Socrates’s faulty ideas, the way he uses reasoning and examples to justify his thoughts is noteworthy. Socrates seems to place wisdom, justice, and goodness above all other virtues, and he repeatedly comes back to these themes when he describes the perfect state and people who should live in it. First of all, I appreciated the way Plato wrote down Socrates’s words and thoughts.
It was Socrates’ goal to get his friends to practice the art of philosophical inquiry. Subsequently it invokes readers to question what they think, and in doing so, practice philosophical inquiry. This makes the reader question and transform their thoughts and push the bounds of their preconceived thoughts of what the soul is. Not only does the Phaedo drive readers to question what this soul is, it also makes you question what happens when you die but also challenges you to ask yourself; If you have lived a good life. The Phaedo states that the best for humanity is foremost to have never been born, and secondly if you are alive, the second best is to “dies, as quickly as possible.” This phenomena has Socratic irony in the sense that that what is best for current humanity is not achievable since we are mortal and currently living.
Famously Socrates was more adept at asking such questions than spoon-feeding us the answers. His “Socratic method” consisted of a process of questioning designed to expose ignorance and clear the way for knowledge. Socrates himself admits that he is ignorant, and yet he became the wisest of all men through this self-knowledge. Like an empty cup Socrates is open to receive the waters of knowledge wherever he may find them; yet through his cross examinations he finds only people who claim to be wise but really know nothing. Most of our cups are too filled with pride, conceit, and beliefs we cling to in order to give us a sense of identity and security.
Socrates is incorrect in saying that no one is wiser than he is. Socrates says, “I found that those who had the highest reputation were nearly the most deficient, while those who were thought to be inferior were more knowledgeable.” (Apology 26) By this definition, Socrates implies that those who see themselves as lesser are truly greater. Those who admit they know nothing, know everything. Socrates then goes on to state that he is the wisest of all. By stating that he is the wisest, he is inherently contradicting his earlier allegation where he claims that the wisest would not realize that he is wise.
He conjectured that his relative Kreon hired Teiresias to plot schemes against him because of the substantial amount of money and power he bores. However, he considers himself only capable of becoming the King. Since he solved the Sphinx’s riddle, he reckons to be self entitled as “no ordinary man could solve her riddle(41,)” “even the gods’ voice were useless” to free Thebes according to him. His complacent behaviour is evident, it is manifested that his talent of solving riddles contributes to a certain degree of pride for his accomplishment, but he has generated this self-righteous attitude to