He is in all ways with the foundation of the Greek society and how it is a source of teachable virtue. Socrates claims that parents cannot teach their offspring’s about virtue. Protagoras argues with him and says the opposite. Protagoras claims that virtue as taught and learned during schooling. He also says that the justice system also helps with teaching virtue as it connects to the offspring directly.
While some, like Plato in his The Republic, thought it weak to give government into the hands of the common people, Pericles countered this argument with a compelling argument of greatness. By putting government into the hands of the people, the people are united and more devoted to their country. Democracy bonds the people together in a way that no other government can understand. Pericles confidently states, “Athenians advance unsupported into the territory of a neighbor, and fighting upon a foreign soil usually vanquish with ease men who are defending their homes.”
King makes it clear that there are specific circumstances that advocate towards civil disobedience. Keeping this in mind, it is essential that citizens are given the opportunity to be involved in legal matters, such as laws and defying the law in an effort to improve the state. However, in the event that civil disobedience is necessary King emphasizes that citizens must comprehend the difference between just and unjust laws, as well as partake in disobedience through civil means. On the other hand, Socrates believes no laws that are worth breaking. His reasonings support his overall idea that an unjust law or act, does not defend retaliating through unjustly means.
He could have used his strength and tried to attack the suitors right away. Odysseus decides to use his head to figure out what will be the correct time to strike against the suitors. Odysseus is hero because he uses his mental strength to overcome challenges. Homer’s epic “The Odyssey” main character displays hero mentality when he uses his brain to his advantage.
Before going off to war, King Leonidas teaches his son an important lesson “a spartan’s true strength is the warrior next to him… give honor and respect to him and it will be returned to you.” Honor is what made a true Spartan, even before birth is was expected that when “both parents were rendered strong a stronger offspring would be born from them” a strong baby had the ability to become a stronger warrior, who either died an honorable death or lived an honorable life. Brotherhood is also an important value shown during the battle, the movie depicts the Spartan warrior in minimal clothes to emphasize the importance of their shield and spears. Unlike the Acadians army whose professions as “potters, sculptors and blacksmiths” came before being a warrior, the Spartans knew only of fighting and training. By the age of eighteen Spartans who “survived training would try for a membership in a brotherhood who sworn comrades lived and fought together.”
Plato (c.428 – 348 B.C.) is a well-known Greek philosopher and mathematician from the Socratic period that had an immense impact on modern democratic theory. Plato’s political implications contained the pathologies of the democratic public sphere. Through Plato’s encounters and views on politics, he provided foundational ideas and insights on deliberative theory. According to Chambers (2009) his belief was that the strongest objection to rhetoric is not that appeals to passion over reason, but that it is nomological rather than dialogical (p.324).
Socrates 's second argument “The Analogy between the State and One 's Parents”, in my opinion, is flawed and could be improved. The first chapter of our textbook reads: “Our parents made our lives possible—they brought us into being, raised us, and educated us. We are therefore obligated to respect and obey them. The state also makes our lives possible, by providing a social environment that nurtures and sustains us. So we have a similar obligation to respect and obey the state.”
Ares, the god of war and violence saw everything that was happening and was proud that Thebes took the land. He believed that if you want something you should fight for it. He also enjoys the chaos and the violence in war. ¨The land rightfully belongs to Thebes, and deserve it for protecting it.¨ Ares said when he saw Athena´s anger. ¨ You and I both know that the land is Athens territory and it is silly to think that the Thebesian army can stand against the Athenian army.
This paper will highlight the process of Iago developing his core motivation, seeking additional motivation, and eventually empowering his supplementary motivation to motivate him primarily. Beginning with Act 1, when Roderigo confronted Iago for not informing him about the marriage of Othello and Desdemona, Iago did not try to defend himself because he knows that Roderigo would not be
Some events in human history cannot be linked to a common sense whatsoever. Historians often cannot answer why something was ought to begin in the first place. Great example will be one of those occasions when a couple of Greek city/states consolidated and crushed the attack power of the gigantic Persian Empire. The Greeks could win the Greco-Persian War due to their maritime triumphs over the Persians, a couple of key triumphs ashore, and the reason for which they were battling. The maritime triumphs were the most essential commitment to the general accomplishment against the Persians.
Book three addresses the type of education that should be taught in this ideal city, and the discussion moves from what it means to be just, to what it means to be courageous and moderate. Socrates ideas on the type of education that should be taught were unconventional for this time in Greek history. For instance, Socrates argued that certain pieces of literature ought to be censored if they promote weakness or disobedience. Correspondingly Socrates places a large emphasis on the role education plays in terms of contributing to the vitality of the city. Socrates contends that in order to have a just city, the city must develop just citizens, and the only way that is possible is through proper education of both the mind and the body.
Having embarked on a quest to determine the goodness or badness of political justice, Socrates and company are led to discuss the origins of the polis (“city” or “city-state”). This discussion quickly leads to the topic of “guardians,” the class of citizens charged with defending the city’s regime against enemies, whether from without or within. What traits does Socrates claim these guardians will need to have? Why do they resemble noble, well-bred dogs? When Socrates stated that a guardian must resemble a noble, well-bred dogs because according to Socrates, a well bred dog has the ability to use its senses and be “quick to see, and swift to overtake the enemy when they see him, and strong too if, when they have caught him, they have to fight
In conclusion, Socrates eventually convinces Glaucon of his vision. Glaucon was flattered, and told manipulative ideas and concepts which ultimately won him over. Glaucon went from saying “unjust” to “most true” in a few paragraphs through said persuasion. Socrates heavily believed in the role philosophers had on the state and was determined to say anything for supporters, sounding like a modern presidential nominee.
Both Frederick Douglass and Socrates prioritize the True over their reputations. Willing to admit his weaknesses, Douglass’s main goal is to seek the True even if it means leaving his reputation undefended. He begins his speech by having a “distrust of [his] ability” and claims that when it comes to public speaking, he has “little experience” (Douglass). Douglass admits that topics concerning American history should be discussed with people who were educated through the school system instead of with a slave who has no educational background. He ultimately establishes trust with his audience by pursuing the True over maintaining his reputation.
Tristan Courtney AP Lang Mr. Sontum 2/19/15 Apology of Socrates Rhetorical Analysis The Apology of Socrates has many rhetorical devices and he uses each of them to appeal to ethos, logos, and pathos. He uses these to defend himself against the ridiculous accusation of not believing in the gods recognized by the state and also of corrupting the youth in Athens, and also to prove that their acquittal or absolution does nothing to him.