So I asked myself if it was really so dangerous for the citizen of Ancient Athens to have divinities of your own. And the brief paper of John A. Scott “Why Meletus Demanded the Death Penalty for Socrates” where he investigates the same issue helped me to clear it out. In his work, he has a sentance from Professor Wheeler’ Alexander the Great:” Religion simply was the state, and the state was religion. Impiety was treason, and all treason involved impiety…” So in what way Socrates did not comply with the state’s gods he was supposed to believe in? Originally, what gave rise to his activity of walking around the city with a purpose of finding someone who possess wisdom greater than he had himself, was the provision of the oracle of Apollo that ‘there is no one wiser than Socrates’.
Socrates’ first premise is that when Socrates meets poets, politicians, artists and artisans, they claim to be wise and because of that claim they are not wise. Socrates’ second premise is that Sophists go around teaching how to make arguments only to win and not to prove anything one way or another, hence making them not
The senior Hamilton had always despised dueling, even more so after his son's death. The act of dueling was illegal throughout the north-eastern states. This unlawful affair of honor Hamilton would participate in violated his moral and religious beliefs against
Socrates, the father of philosophy, used the Socratic Method to teach; he asked questions, allowing students to use their own prior knowledge to form answers, looking within to find the truth. His student Plato’s story, “The Cave,” emphasizes that humans may independently take the intellectual journey to enlightenment, reach the Realm of Perfect Forms, and discover truth for themselves. Both teacher and student insisted that Man himself had to reach truth, as it is not received from a higher
There would be no quarrels, as all of society’s trust is placed onto the capable philosopher’s shoulders. Unfortunately, with the way our society is now, it would be impossible to adopt this idealistic idea. Socrates refutes this idea through his parable of the ship, as well as through his identification of unwanted traits found in society. Although a true navigator exists on the ship (the philosopher), the crew will scramble over each other in a desperate grab for power (parts of society) while ignoring the navigator. Today, the philosopher’s biggest weakness as a ruler would be the inability to keep a strong grasp on their position while gaining the support of their society.
Creon’s power often goes to his head. “Let him dream up or carry out great deeds beyond the power of man, we’ll not save these girls,” (Lines 879-880) Creon exclaimed. Him not giving in to his son’s wishes resulted in a bit of an uprising from the people of Thebes. They concurred with Haemon’s desire. Simply letting someone die for burying their brother was not acceptable in their eyes, especially Haemon’s, by virtue of him being in love with Antigone, who committed the “crime.” Creon was so power-hungry that he did not respect how he would react to
The first concept that I noticed shared by Russell and Socrates was the concept that one had to remove themselves before serious philosophical contemplation could take place. In Russell 's case, he refers to the "Self" and the "Not-Self". With Socrates, as seen in the Apology, confronting his accuser about the corruption of youth, his accuser is silent because he had not given the matter any thought. Socrates awareness of his own ignorance frees him from what Russell would refer to as "Self". I mention this because it serves as a common theme even as both philosophers differ in their messages.
Sneering at himself, Socrates claimed that he knew nothing. In connection with this, the oracle of Delphi declared Socrates the wisest of men. Because Socrates, although he knew that he knew nothing, while others mistakenly believed that they know something. As
In Plato's Gorgias, it is apparent that Socrates has no desire to be a good statesman as it is defined in the eyes of the Athenians. His calculation is that Athenian rhetoricians place no reliance on facts or truth, nor are these their aim. Instead, they rely on the illusion of knowledge, and this morally weakens both themselves and their audiences. It is clear however, that if he wishes, Socrates is able to match most or all of the other statesmen in Athens, as is clearly indicated by his very eloquent speech which ends the dialogue. Additionally, under his own definition of a good statesman, it is evident that Socrates is more than qualified.
I believe that Socrates was a man who looked beyond the physical world and strived to gain as much knowledge as he could through asking questions and continuing to learn from others and in turn teach others, thus making him wise and striving to live the best life. Socrates was confident, but not arrogant. He had reason to believe that he was truly the wisest, as he could not find one example to disprove the Delphi’s claim that “no one is wiser” than Socrates. (Apology 21a). Socrates wanted to assure that this claim was true before presenting this idea to others so that he did not come off as arrogant.