That is, individuals would prefer essentially not to do evil things, yet do them without wanting to. A critical point is displayed by Socrates in that evil deeds are not done willingly. It is thought by numerous that a few individuals are basically evil-natured and confer evil deeds in light of the fact that they
Socrates believed that evil (bad action) was the result of ignorance. Why did he hold this view, and do you agree? Socrates believed that evil was the result of ignorance because people who do wrong things wouldn’t choose to do a bad thing if they knew better. Socrates believes this because if they were educated on what is good, they would have made a better decision instead of bad ones, I agree with him because they will always be people that would do bad and good things. Plato - Social and Political
People generally turn their own thought or things that they have been taught into the truth, but this does not automatically make those thoughts true. Rather than that, it merely makes people seem oblivious to the actual truth due to lack of their education of their surroundings. This is much like the prisoner who was freed because at first, he had the exact same beliefs as his acquaintances, but later he learned the real truth about the world. After reading Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, one can be lead to believe that Plato was trying to teach that uneducated people are “imprisoned” by their own ignorance. This statement is supported when the prisoners in his allegory don’t believe the freed prisoner.
[Crito]: Of course. [Socrates]: What is that harm, where does it tend, and what part of the man who disobeys does it affect? [Crito]: Obviously the harms is to his body, which it ruins”. Also, one should not rely on a multitude of opinions because of one’s experience and education with the
I am going to discuss these ideas as I think that doing injustice is not as bad as suffering injustice. Socrates in his dialogue was pushing further with the idea that it is worse to do injustice than to suffer injustice, a clime which was objected by Polus. For Polus says that many people who do injustice are happy, but Socrates insists otherwise. Socrates focuses on Eudaimonia, which means happiness, as the main objective to reach. Thus the people who do injustice like kings and tyrants are unhappy.
Socrates should be considered a tragic hero because he had an intellectual error, not an ethical one. I think that it is a little ironic that Socrates, the man who was all about intellect, had an intellectual error. Socrates was a man who focused on the truth, and unfortunately he failed to realize that the truth might not be what everyone else was focused on. In relation to what I stated earlier here is some in text evidence; Socrates said “to disregard the manner of my speech- it doesn't matter how it compares- and to consider and concentrate your attention upon this one question, whether my claims are
There names are Rene Descartes and Plato. Plato and Descartes are two Greek philosophers that believe in Rationalism, yet both have a different perspective of it. I will explain both philosopher’s methods when it comes to viewing the everyday world, talk about their similarities and differences, and then choose Descartes’s method regarding Rationalism. I agree with Descartes method a lot more than Plato’s because I feel that inborn knowledge is a form of deception and escaping your reality, like Plato would suggest, would only leave you to be deceived even more. Both Plato and Descartes believe in Rationalism, and they also fear uncertainty.
Reading Socrates’ Allegory of the Cave gave me different perspectives when it comes to the relationship between intellectual pursuit and good governances, and the relationship between the physical world and our mind in the pursuit of gaining knowledge. The Allegory of the Cave is a parable that displays how, we as humans, are afraid of change and what we do not know or understand. Basically what Socrates is trying to argue is that based upon what people are brought up to believe, that is how they think and they are afraid to change that mindset. Socrates suggests that the shadows compose what life is like for the prisoners because they have never seen anything else; because they are chained up and can’t turn around, they can only see what’s
There is a resonating difference between a just and unjust act. A just act stays true to the moral principles of a civilization, while an unjust act is frowned upon by society. However, is it possible for this difference to sometimes seem vague? Socrates was put on trial for his beliefs and for what he argues to be a service to humanity. Yet, the jury did not agree.
In both works, the commoners have been brainwashed by religious doctrines ingrained in them from Athenian society. In their world, a bevy of “Gods” exist and it is mankind’s duty to fulfill their will. But the falsehood of this socio-religious structure is fundamentally flawed, as evidenced when Euthyphro repeatedly fails to articulate an acceptable definition of “piety” to Socrates. At one point, Euthypro claims that “Piety, then, is that which is dear to the gods, and impiety is that which is not dear to
A good person will necessarily be happy because every positive means results in a positive end. The main goal for every action is happiness. Every man desires happiness and therefore they will do good to attain it. According to Aristotle, happiness comes from the inside and is an activity that is based on choices. If a person is not happy, that means he failed to choose the right path or decision.