In the view to analyse the classroom interaction, it is important to identify the two ways interaction between the teachers and their students in the teaching and learning process. Based on the conceptual framework, the Classroom Discourse Analysis is constructed by using framework of teaching and pedagogical discourse which provides two insights; teachers’ practices and students’ practices. From the framework of teaching proposed by Danielson (2014), two domains will be selected to analyse the class talks. Firstly, creating an environment of respect and rapport will be discussed under the classroom environment domain. According to Danielson (2014), it is essential for teachers to establish a good relationship with their students.
This means that students should listen to their friend’s ideas during group activity. Those who listen well will be getting reinforcement from teacher. Aside from this, teachers should ensure their class exhibit awareness and support moral and universal issues (Haliza, Joy & Rafidah, 2008). This can be done by being aware of current issues that involve moral and emotional values. It is also important to make sure that students can differentiate between laws that secure safety and laws that values moral.
In the contract, students and teachers decide and agree on how to treat one another in the classroom. The group also decides on and agrees to what the group will do if someone violates the contract. Rather than a consequence, the group should decide how to fix the problem through either class discussion, peer mediation, counseling, or by one on one conversations leading to a solution to the situation. Preventive techniques also involve the strategic use of praise and rewards to inform students about their behavior rather than as a means of controlling student behavior. To use rewards to inform students about their behavior, teachers must emphasize the value of the behavior that is rewarded and also explain to students the specific skills they demonstrated to earn the reward.
It is important to teach students about the classroom rules, schools rules, daily routines, learn to practice new skills in the classroom and out of the classroom, and now their school schedule and outside of school schedule. You want to be patient with them and be consistent and have a trusting relationship with them because, if they are suffering depression, anger issues, then they think think that the teacher is gonna failed them. It is best to have a teacher tutor them for whatever is their weakness that needs to be worked on for the children. They want to help them as the best that they possibly can to help them pass, but we want them to know that we care about who you are and we just want to help you to learn something before you move on to the next grade and for the future. All children need stability to have
Teachers have multi dimensional role in the process of education i.e. in assisting administration, guiding and counseling students both in their effective learning as well as their future role in society as a responsible citizen. Successful or good teaching is the teaching which does bring about the desired learning. The challenge of education thus stresses the need for orientation in skills and methodology for teachers in colleges and universities. Branford, Brown and Cocking (1999) also described the state of an effective and high-quality teacher when they noted: The requirement of super level teaching is that the teachers have a deep understanding of the its subject matter content and its structure, with all of this an equally complete understanding of the method of teaching activities that help students understand the subject matter which is taught by the teacher.
Job specific tasks Learning by doing gives students deliberative practice opportunities to address a course’s objectives, according to Ken Koedinge (2002), professor of human-computer integration and psychology and co-coordinators of the Simon Initiative. Teachers give a task to students because it has an objective to be pursued. Teacher knows what they are doing. They give student circumstances for student to become strong in facing any problem. The subject which the students encounter in school is the way for the student to mold their individuality.
Social solidarity means social order. Through education, children learn shared values and beliefs, whilst feeling part of the community, developing a sense of national identity. (Fulcher & Scott, 2011) Durkheim argued that schools should enforce rules, with punishments to follow if the rules are broken. This taught children self-discipline, understanding the importance of morals, and recognise that misconduct leads to a damaged society. (Haralambos & Holburn, 2008) Durkheim suggested: ‘It is by respecting the school rules that the child learns to respect rules in general, that he develops the habit of self-control and restraint simply because he should control and restrain himself.
In order to address the issue of the “passing through the system approach” greater accountability has to be placed on teachers as the ‘guide on the side’. Despite the various challenges that teachers have personally and within the education system. Teachers need to be reminded that teaching is really about the “heart” of motivating and inspiring student to propel them to want take responsibility for their individual learning. While giving their students the guidance to make sense of his/her own experience and readiness to
First, the teacher needs to acknowledge their own appearance and body language during teaching and learning process. Adopting a professional appearance is very important. For the beginner teachers, first impressions from the students count because they will assess them from the moment they see the new teachers. Hence, if their appearances suggest that that they are a professional and serious, sincere, and enjoy teaching, students will be able to see this message through the teacher’s appearances and respect them for what they are. This will be the first step in gaining their respect as well as
That meant the instructor should select learning tasks that are worth learning and develop this content in ways that help students to appreciate their significance and application potential to analyze the students and identify learning styles, such as active or reflective students. These learning styles can be categorized with the relevance portion of Keller's ARCS model because they assist in matching a student's motives. The first subcategory in relevance strategies is goal orientation. Relevance strategies highlight how the students' previous experiences and skills can be used to help them understand, learn new concepts, and link to students' needs, interests, and motives. This strategy can help teach the concept of writing academic summaries, which are essential to incorporating sources in argument essays.
I think that Reinhart is exactly right when he says that a student should do the explaining and the teacher should be the listener. Although I know that this would be an effective strategy to use in my future classroom, I do think that this technique will be difficult to master. Being able to ask open-ended questions, process questions, and have patience to wait for a student to raise their hand and answer those difficult ones would probably be the hardest techniques for me to master. Although I know that it would come through consistent implementation and practice. Reinhart explains that through this technique, the teacher and the student must reverse the roles of the typical classroom; the teacher must become the listener and the student must become the explainer.