8-Steptima Poinsette Clark-Born on May 3rd,1898 in Charleston,South Carolina,Steptima is another african american woman who helped African american get the rights to vote. Her father had been born a slave. Both of her parent heavely encouraged her to get a good eduation. After attending public shool,she attended Avery Normal Institude,a private school for african americans. She tried to be a teacher,but since Charleston did not hire african americans to teach it`s public schools,so instead she became a teacher at South Carolina`s Johns Island in 1916.
Harriet A. Jacobs was born a slave in North Carolina in 1813 and became a fugitive in the 1830s. She recorded her triumphant struggle for freedom in an autobiography that was published pseudonymously in 1861. As Linda Brent, the book 's heroine and narrator, Jacobs recounts the history of her family: a remarkable grandmother who hid her from her master for seven years: a brother who escaped and spoke out for abolition; her two children, whom she rescued and sent north. She recalls the degradation of slavery and the special sexual oppression she found as a slave woman: the master who was determined to make her his concubine.With Frederick Douglass 's account of his life, it is one of the two archetypes in the genre of the slave
Because Clotel could no longer bear living without her daughter in captivity, she escapes from prison and commits suicide by jumping into the Potomac River, as this is her only option. In his book, The Afro-American Novel and Its Tradition, Bernard W. Bell asserts, “Clotel is not carefully delineated as an individual, but as the archetype of the beautiful heroine whose mixed blood, noble spirit and poetic nature make her a tragic figure” thus, serving Brown’s abolitionist agenda (40). Like Bell, Werner Sollors in neither black nor white yet both: Thematic Explorations of Interracial Literature, also views Clotel as
Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl by Harriet Jacobs is a story about a young slave named Linda and her personal experience trying to escape alive. Linda is a brilliant black slave that is constantly tormented mentally and physically by her master, Dr. Flint. For the sake of Linda’s two young children she had with a white man out of wedlock, Linda decides to escape until she or her children are bought by close friends or family, so that they may never experience the tribulations of slavery. While the South tried to convince northerners that the master-slave relationship was a good one, Jacobs goes on to convincingly prove that is not the case. Although this book may seem fictitious to many during that time, it was later revealed that these
Anthony, her parents, her 2 brothers, and her 3 sisters lived on their cotton Mill (Sherr xviii and xix). Her parents themselves were supporters if equality for both black people and women, so it makes sense that she would grow to support the same things (Truman 145). She went to Miss Moulson’s Select Seminary for Females. At one Klein 2 point, she attempted to send a letter to her father, but was stopped from doing so. The family lost their cotton mill in 1838 (Thomas and Thomas 163 and 165).
Their experiences with slavery helped black women to redefine womanhood. Harriet Tubman, a leader in the Underground Railroad and a strong female role model, successfully crossed the Mason-Dixon line into freedom in 1849. After Tubman arrived in Pennsylvania, she decided that she had no right to freedom while others were in bondage and resolved to bring her family North. When she arrived at her former master’s plantation, she discovered that her husband had taken another wife and devoted herself to the cause of the Underground Railroad. The independence and leadership she demonstrated was contrary to the view of women at the time.
Isabella Baumfree, now known as Sojourner Truth, was born into slavery in 1797, though her birthdate was not recorded. Isabella Baumfree protested when John Dumont , Isabella Baumfree 's previous owner whom she ran away from, sold her son, Peter, to a family in Alabama. Two white lawyers, whom we don 't know the name of, in New York gave Baumfree free legal help and liberated Peter through the courts. Sojourner Truth moved to Battle Creek, Michigan, in 1857 and became active there helping black people escape on the Underground Railroad to freedom. Sojourner Truth gave speeches that captivated audiences by revealing how cruel slavery could be. Isabella Baumfree converted to Christianity and taught a message of freedom for blacks
Deborah Bradford was unable to care for her children and placed them in the homes of relatives and friends, with Sampson being hired as an indentured servant to Deacon Jeremiah and Susannah Thomas, two patriots who swayed Sampson’s opinions. When she turned 18, Sampson’s indentured servitude was over, and she provided for herself by teaching school and weaving during the winter. Sampson eventually married Benjamin Gannett, having three children and adopting another. The family lived in Sharon, Massachusetts in poverty. In 1797, Herman Mann helped her publish a biography of her life called “The Female Review,” sparking interest in her and she became the first female public speaker in America, going on a tour through New England and parts of New York beginning in 1802.
Toni Morrison revealed that, motherhood and family life were nothing that could be taken for granted for the slave families were often divided when family members were sold and the female slaves were systematically abused both by other slaves and the white owners. Here, Sethe’s mother was never allowed to be a real mother as her owner did not allow her to stay with her daughter to love and nurse her, and she was hanged when Sethe was just a few years old. Sethe wanted to claim her children as her own although she knew that a female slave did not have any legal rights over her children. Sethe’s motherly love became an overly possessive love towards her children. The killing of her daughter was the way to express this possessive love.
1) Harriet Jacobs chooses to start her biography with her childhood and how extremely fortune she is. The very first sentence is “[She is] BORN a slave; but [she] never knew it till six years of happy childhood ha[s] [went] away ” (8). The reason why she does not know she was born a slave is because “she never dream[s] [she is] a piece of merchandise” (8). Jacobs, Linda the protagonist, says “When [she is] six years old, [her] mother die[s]” (9), and that is when Linda realizes that she is a slave. This is why Linda believes that her childhood happiness ends due to the horrifying things slaves have to do.