different concentrations) This experiment was performed by two groups using antibiotics Amoxicillin and Vancomycin by each group. Vancomycin data were collected by our group. After the incubation period of the diluted tubes containing antibiotic Vancomycin against S. epidermidis, the results were obtained as below, Tubes: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (Image 1 indicates the visual growth of S. epidermidis for Vancomycin concentrations 100 mg/ml (tube 1), 50 mg/ml(tube 2), 25 mg/ml(tube 3), 12.5 mg/ml(tube 4), 6.25 mg/ml(tube 5), 3.12 mg/ml(tube 6), 1.56 mg/ml(tube 7), 0.78 mg/ml(tube 8), and 0.39 mg/ml(tube 9) respectively. Tube 10 is a control)
Degradation of caffeine occurs simultaneously in matured plant parts via N-demethylation to dimethylxanthine (theobromine and theophylline), followed by demethylation to monomethylxanthine and later demethylated to xanthine (Ahihara et al 2008). Methylxanthine derivatives like theophylline, theobromine, paraxanthine, 7 methyl xanthine and uric acid are metabolic products of caffeine (Fig. 1.1). Caffeine is used in many pharmaceutical preparations like apectol, anacin, dristan, vivarin, darvon, excedrin, percodan, soma, synalogos, butabital, norgesic and prolamine (Seegers et al., 1981; Thomas, 2004). Theobromine is used primarily as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, or vasodilator (Stavric, 1988).
This is about the same amount as a grain of salt. Identifying Poison Ivy Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) contains clusters of three distinct leaflets with the middle leaflet slightly longer than the other two. Typically these leaflets are 2-4 inches long. The leaflets are not connected at the same point on the plant but alternate at their connection point. Poison ivy usually forms as a vine but can also be found as a bush.
Introduction: Papaver somniferum L. is well known cultivated plants known to mankind since ages. It is used as a drug and medicine since the beginning of civilization (Husain and Sharma, 1983). The poppy or the Papaver is one of the genera of the family Papaveraceae and sub-family Papaveroideae. This genus is known to contain latex tissues or laticiferous system. The plant contains about eighty different tetrahydro-benzylisoquinoline-derived alkaloids, including several other of medicinal importance.
Plants treated with strain 103 showed an increase in 16.65% of shoot length, 20.16% in root length, 61.20% in leaf area and 83.29% in shoot dry weight, when compared to the control (table 3). Strain 109 (P. fluorescens), significantly increased root dry weight in
The leaf is characterised by an obtuse or acute apex, and a crenate or serrate-crenate margin. The leaf base is generally lightly pubescent on the adaxial surface and has a grey-tomentose appearance on the abaxial surface (Foden and Potter, 2005). The petiolule of the central leaflet grows up to 1 cm long and the petiolules of the lateral leaflets range from 1 to 2.5 cm in length. The petiolules have densely pubescent stipules attached on them that measure up to 7 cm in length. The yellow flowers grow out and open during spring and also attract birds by producing bright orange to red berries.
It is now known as the source of chemical compounds now used in the treatment of cancer. Their discovery lead to one of the most important medical breakthroughs of the last century. However, more evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of the treatment. The Madagascar Periwinkle has given us 2 extremely important cancer fighting medicines, which are “Vinblastine” and “Vincristine”. These are two very important medicines, that treat two very serious diseases.
Preparation and characterization of intravaginal vardenafil suppositories targeting a complementary treatment to boost in vitro fertilization process Eman Gomaaa, Amr S. Abu Lilaa,b,⁎, Azza A. Hasana, Fakhr-eldin S. Ghazya a Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt b Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Hail University, Hail 81442, Saudi Arabia A R T I C L E I N F O Keywords: Bioadhesive suppositories Conventional suppositories cGMP Intravaginal administration In vitro fertilization Vardenafil A B S T R A C T Vaginal route has been recently considered as a potential route for systemic delivery of drugs with poor oral bioavailability. Vardenafil (VDF) is a relatively new phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor that exhibits a limited oral
It is most frequently called "annato" in the North America and "achuete" in the Philippines. B. orellana (achuete) is commonly used in culinary to provide a red-tinged colorant use. Its seed is used all over the world dye for coloring rice, cheeses, soft drinks, oil, butter, and soup. Also, it has long been used by indigenous communities in Brazil and other tropical countries for several biological applications (D.Vilar, M. Vilar, T. Moura, 2014), which indicates its potential use as an active ingredient in pharmaceutical products such as a traditional remedy for a variety of conditions, including diabetes, jaundice, snakebite, indigestion, heartburn, hypertension or high blood pressure, and antibacterial. All parts of the plant have been used, including the roots, leaves, seeds, and dried pulp of the
The above marker enzymes were evaluated in serum at the end of 14 days for a high dose of A. catechu seed extract, and no change was observed showing that the seed extract has no delayed toxicity. Natural products are known to cause cell damaging effect for example Fagonia cretica Induces DNA Damage, Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells via FOXO3a and p53 Expression and hot water extracts of Chlorella vulgaris showed anti- proliferative and apoptotic effects on hepatoma cell line HepG2 (Dickers et al,