Before planting, each group secured sixteen (16) seeds in a coffee filter, labeled the filter with the designated group number and allowed the seeds to soak in warm water for one (1) hour. During the wait time, a flat of thirty-two containers was filled to the top with soil. The soil was saturated with tap water and a quarter (1/4) inch of water was also put in the reservoir in the bottom of the flat. A stake was labeled with the correct group number and inserted in one of the containers at an angle to allow for the top to be secured. Each container had one (1) Solanum torvum seed planted at a depth of three (3) times the size of the seed.
Experiment 8.1.1 Study design and duration • A soil testing experiment has been conducted for a period of 7 days at Amna Bint Wahab School’s chemistry lab at a constant temperature of 220C. • A Study on plant growth has been conducted for a period of 4 weeks (28 days) at Amna Bint Wahab school’s outdoor compound during winter season. 8.1.2 Study population • Eight soil samples were collected from four farms in Qatar (Al-Shahiniya, Al Shamal and Al Khor). The pH and EC of the soil samples was monitored in two experimental sets: a) 1st Set = 100 ml water + 50 g soil sample + 50 g Organic fertilizer (40 g FYM fertilizer + 10 g Leaf mold) b) 2nd Set = 100 ml water + 50 g
MATERIAL AND METHODS The experiment was conducted in State University of Vale do Acaraú, Brazil. A total of 225 male Ross 308 chicks at 22 days of age were distributed in a randomized block design with a 2 × 2 + 1 factorial arrangement (inclusion of 10% and 15% cottonseed meal × 2 lipid sources: soybean oil and tilapia viscera oil) + a control diet, totaling five treatments and five replications per treatment, with nine birds per replication. Nutritional composition of CSM was: DM 88.5%, AME 1.573 Kcal, DF 25,16%, EE 8,8% and CP 26,49%. The fatty acid profile of TVO was: saturated 34.36%, palmitic acid 28.6%, stearic 5.76%, oleic (n-9) 37.2%, linoleic (n-6) 12.2%, linolenic (n-3) 1.79%. The AME of TVO was 8.685 and 8.684 kcal/kg AMEn.
Total of 300 one-week old un-sexed Arbor-Acres broiler chicks were distributed into 10 treatments. Birds were fed ten experimental diets in which the first was the control group (T1) a corn soybean diet according to NRC requirement and the other groups (T2,T5 and T8) were formulated in which the BBP was incorporated at levels from 25 - 75% in increments of 25% (adjusted to NRC energy requirements),while groups (T3,T6 and T9) were formulated as the same of groups T2,T5 and T8 without adjusted to NRC energy requirements, while groups (T4,T7 and T10) were formulated as the same of groups T3,T6 and T9 by adding 0.05 % Xylam enzyme (mixture of B-xylanase and α-amylase). All diets (starter and finisher) were formulated to be iso-nitrogenous and given to birds from the end of the first week until 28 days (starter diets) and from 29 to 42 days of age (finisher diets).The results of this study showed that no significant differences were observed between treatments in LBW at 7 days of age, however the only significant difference in LBW (P< 0.01), but the enzyme influence depended to growth stage. In general, both experimental diets type and enzyme supplementation had a highly significant (P < 0.01) effects on average daily gain in all experimental periods. The trial diets sort
An individual plant is capable of producing more than 200,000 seeds(Bhowmik and Bekech 1993; Weaver 2001). whole year is its germinating season but best growth occurs in early fall or spring (Buhler and Owen 1997; Holm 1997). Seeds are dispersed by wind. Pappus is an adaptation of the seed, which is twice as long as the seed. Conyza Canadensis is an annual weed, so survive for a year only.
Five cups were labeled as: control, 25 ml topsoil, 50 ml topsoil, 100 ml topsoil and 200 ml topsoil respectively, and fall four cups were filled with their designated amount of topsoil using a beaker. 4. Five radish plant seeds per cup were planted to maximize germination rates little underneath the surface to allow space for the plants and 30 ml of water was added to each cup using a graduated cylinder. 5. Plant growth was measured with a ruler each day, and the amount of water added to the plants periodically varied (shown in data table) depending on the visible soil moisture.
In the second year, Capparis scabrida was planted on site, and the Cordia lutea shrubs as nurse plants for the first five years of tree see establishment. This ensures better conditions of organic matter, soil moisture, humidity, temperature, etc. Capparis crown will eventually shade the overo shrubs, which in turn produce a gradual reduction from the plantation. In the first year 90 percent of planted Prosopis pallida seedlings survives and 70 percent of Capparis scabrida (AIDER 2010). A drip irrigation system supplied water in first year of the project.
MATERIALS AND METHODS 3.1 Location and Duration of Study The experiment was conducted at the Rabbit Unit of the University of Port Harcourt Research and Demonstration Farm, Choba, River State and lasted for 60 days 3.2 Experimental Animal and Management Twenty four (24) dutch-breed of weaned rabbits 6-7 weeks old and weighing 463g on average were used, randomly allotted to four dietary treatments of A, B, C and D in a Completely Randomized Designed (CRD). Each treatment group was further sub-divided into three replicate of two rabbit each. The Jatropha leaf meal was incorporated in the diet in the ratio, 0g, 0.50g, 0.70g and 0.90g in treatment A, B, C, and D respectively. The animal were given feed and water ad-libitum. The animal were administered
The microbiological assessment of the product was analyzed for TVC. One hundred milliliters of an appropriate serially diluted homogenate was spread on the surface of Plate Count Agar. The total viable counts were enumerated after incubation at 30 °C for 2 days. Sensory analysis Thirty seven panelists selected from the students and staffs of the Agro-Industry Department of Naresuan university, carried out the sensory evaluations of both the treated chicken wings, and the controls. Acceptability of appearance and odour was scored on a 9-point hedonic scale with 9 corresponding to the most liked sample and 1 corresponding to the least liked sample.
The plants were measured at the maximum height from the top of the quad boxes to the top of the outstretched plant. After the first week there were more than one plant in each quad box, so the smallest plants were taken out. These measurements were recorded for a length of four weeks in lab manuals. Results During the experiment the height of the plants correlated with the number of fertilizer pellets. The number fertilizer pellets effected the number of leaves that grew, but it did