Solution Essay On Water Pollution

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Water Pollution – a global scenario Even though 70% of the earth is covered with water, the availability of fresh water is very limited. Ponds, lakes, rivers, reservoirs, streams etc are the major fresh water sources we have and these sources are most likely to get polluted. According to UN water statistics ‘ By 2025, 1800 million people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world population could be under stress conditions’. The World Health Organization fact sheet says that • Dirty water kills more people than all kinds of violence including war. • Diarrhea kills more young children than AIDS, malaria and measles jointly and is the second leading cause of death among children under five…show more content…
Even though they are treated, they are never the same fresh water. In many situations, the sewage is not treated but directly dumped into the sea or water bodies. This is very dangerous because they pollute the environment and water bodies and bring many deadly diseases to us. Septic Tanks - Biological processes break down the solids from septic tank and when the liquid is drained to the water it is making huge troubles. The e-coli bacteria which is present in human waste is very dangerous and drinking this water can cause harmful side effects . Waste dumping – The dumping of wastes like paper waste, food waste, plastic, rubber, metallic and aluminum waste in heavy quantities to the water bodies is another reason of pollution. These waste types take quite time to decompose. For example, paper takes about 6 weeks, aluminum takes about 200 years and glass takes even more years. Underground storage and tube leakages - Many liquid products (petroleum products) are stored or kept in metal and steel tubes underground. Other sewage systems run through underground tubes. Over the time, they rust and begin to leak. When that happens, they contaminate the soils, and the liquids and end up in many nearby water

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