The Songsan-Ri Tombs

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The Songsan-ri Tombs and Royal Tomb of King Muryeong (reign 462-523) contains representative relics of the Baekje period (234~678). The Songsan-ri Tombs contain the graves of kings from the period when Baekje's capital was Gongju, and it is believed to contain 10 such graves. Only seven graves have been discovered so far. The main attraction of Songsan-ri Tombs is the wall painting drawn on the number six tomb – it is the only art of its kind in the world, created from the way the bricks were laid to create the wall. The tomb is shaped like a long tunnel, the top rounded like a dome. There are pictures of fire-breathing dragons on the tomb. Only the parts of the wall where the pictures were to be drawn had earth…show more content…
Over the roughly 700 years from its founding in 18 B.C. to its demise in A.D. 660, the Baekje kingdom was ruled over by 31 monarchs. It at first comprised only a small area near the Hangang River(president-day Seoul), but gradually absorbed nearby states to emerge as a full-blown kingdom. The capital was originally established in Wirye and defended by Wiryeseong Fortress, but was later transferred to Ungjin(present-day Gongju) and then eventually to Sabi(present-day Buyeo). Depending on the location of the capital, Baekje is divided into three periods: the Ungjin Period of 18 B.C to A.D. 475, ending when the capital was located in Gongju; and the Sabi Period of 538 to 660, with the capital in Buyeo. During the Ungjin and Sabi periods, Baekje actively engaged in exchanges and diplomatic relations with overseas nation-states, promoting science and technology and stimulating a cultural flowering. However, the capital of Sabi fell in 660 to an attack from the combined forces of Silla and the Tang Dynasty of China. A revival movement survived over the following three years, but was unable to revive the declining kingdom. Along with its contemporary kingdoms of Goguryeo2 and Silla, Baekje played a critical role in the development of ancient culture on the Korean Peninsula. It was at the forefront of adopting advancements from abroad and refining them to even higher levels. The kingdom was also active in disseminating cultural artifacts to neighboring states, contributing to the overall cultural development of East Asia. Although extinguished, the Baekje kingdom left the legacy of its splendid culture in the areas where it once

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