Booth Jr. In the book Booth begins by stating how contrary to Islam and the tribal religions being viewed as traditional to Africa, Christianity is considered as a religion that was imported from Europe to Africa. Christianity initially did not have a strong influence to the South of the Sahara until the beginning of the protestant missionary era. Later on in the centuries to come there were chaplains who had ministered to Africans, but they were later on forbidden when it became apparent that the conversion of Africans hindered the slave trade. Once the British realized the detrimental effects of the slave trade a ubiquitous effort began on the behalf Africa.
Britain has set up a protectorate over Egypt but is really controlled by Great Britain. The British occupation of Egypt is the richest and most developed land in Africa, set off “African Fover” in Europe. To confirm its control and stability in the area, Great Britain has extended its control over the Sudan also. The French Empire in Africa is as large as the continental United States. France has conquered Algeria in North Africa.
from Arabia. By 800 C.E. the West African Soninke people created the Ghanaian empire and controlled the Senegal and Upper Niger Rivers. But with the Ghana empire other smaller communities started to appear and a large empire known as the Mali empire became powerful after the fall of the Ghana empire in the eleventh century C.E. That was when the Mali empire converted into western Sudan to Islam and developed the city of Timbuktu and was the center of trade,
This time was also known as the Nigerian Renaissance, a period containing a large number of very strong Nigerian writers who introduced a powerful new literature. Additionally, although a few countries had al-ready achieved independence, most of Africa was still ruled by colonialism. Nigeria became independent just 2 years after the book was published, at that time colonialism and inde-pendence were subjects of debate. Set in a time of great change for Africans, Achebe's nov-els illuminate two painful features of modern African life: the humiliations visited on Africans by colonialism, and the corruption and inefficiency of what replaced colonial rule. Things Fall Apart focuses on the early experience of colonialism as it occurred in Nigeria, around 1890, from the first days of contact with the British to widespread British administration.
Religion' With regards to the term "religion", it was not until the end of colonialism at the turn of the 20th century that scholars began to use religion to characterize African religion positively. Before then, some terms some terms with clearly negative and demeaning connotations were used by the scholars to refer to African religion constitutes. For example, Tylor, coined the term "animism" in relation to African religions. In the lenses of Tylor African religions was the same in appearance and primitive nature to regard each object as its own soul, creating faith in innumerable spirits in the universe (Johnson, 21) Related used terms were fetishism, paganism, savage, and paganism among others. The use of these terms by Western anthropologists
Existing studies on Badagry town in southwestern part of Nigeria concentrated on the socio- cultural heritage as well as the economy of the town. Indeed, most of these scholars, from different disciplines, gave more attention on the aspect of slave trade and slavery in which Badagry participated actively, to the neglect of the origin and migration process of the people. Little was also known about the settlement pattern and early political organization of the Ogu people. This paper, therefore, investigates the different versions of the origin of the people as well as the role of the market in facilitating intergroup relations in Nigeria and West Africa sub-region. There have been divergent opinions among scholars as regards the traditions of
Although the authors within the chapters followed a chronological timeline, but the book as a whole did not follow the same timeline. For example as stated earlier chapter 2 explains European colonial influence in Africa and how it influenced African politics long after colonization. The following chapter begins to talk about “Africa’s volatile relationship with international capital” (35). The chapter then begins to describe the per capita relationship between Africa and other nations during the 1980s and 1990s. This timeline followed by the author leaves out decades worth of information on how the relationship became volatile.
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. The name Africa came into Western use through the Romans, who used the name Africa terra-”land of the Afri” for the northern part of the continent. Africa was discovered by Henry the Navigator during the Age of Discovery in the 15th century. Africa before the Iron Age, the earliest indigenous people, the San, were nomadic and they survived by hunting and gathering. “Many scientists think they preferred the lives of the nomads because there was more food, resources and because their low numbers protected them from invasions and migrations “.The Bantu-speaking people were the first African people to farm with both planting crops and animals.
independence in early 1960s with the exception of South West Africa (Namibia) and South Africa which regained majority rule in 1990 and 1994 respectively after being protracted by the Nationalist Afrikaners’ Apartheid regime. The role of Pan African leaders and the transfer of the movement from the Diaspora to Africa: Pan Africanism has been discussed in details in chapter two of this book, the ‘Origin of Black People in the New World and Diaspora’. The movement as agreed by various scholars originated in the America and the Carribean Islands where African slaves were forced into white economic farms with much exploitation, humiliation, oppression, discrimination, harassment and generally had been denied socio-economic and political rights.
The people making up this continent speak a multitude of languages (around 2000), they have different beliefs and they belong to many different cultures and traditions, and hence have very different literatures. “The fact that they share a common history of colonialism and exploitation is not enough to just lump their literatures into a single pigeon-hole” (Saro-Wiwa 155) because by doing so, those that have little knowledge about the continent and its people are enabled to think of Africa as a continent of people who share a common literature and culture hence not fully expressing the continent’s diversity. When describing the literatures of the African people, Achebe uses the analogy of new-born infants to show how literatures found in the continent may seem similar but are actually different and hence should not be grouped together; he says “If you look cursorily one infant is pretty much like another; but in reality each is already set on its own separate journey” (Achebe 4). As can be inferred from Achebe’s analogy, it is very inaccurate to group African literatures into one category because doing so implies that the literatures are similar and uniform thus failing to express their