Sources Of Errors In Social And Organisational Psychology

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Social and Organisational Psychology Assignment (a) Discuss some of the sources of errors in social perception in the work place; and (b) Some of the ways in which managers can minimise the effect of these errors. (1,500 words) In this essay I will discuss errors in perception that occur in the workplace using the following headings Attribution Theory, Stereotypes and Attitudes. After that I will discuss how the manager will minimise the effects of these errors. Social Perception studies how people make impressions and also make conclusions about (Anon., 2014/15)other people. We gather more information by their feelings and also their emotions. Physical appearance is very important as first impression is vital for example attending an interview if you are confident good experience and a hard worker and they can also form body language. An example of this is when would be understanding that someone disagrees with what you said when you see them roll their eyes. (English Notes 2014) First error of perception I would like to discuss is Attribution Theory. Attribution Theory can be defined as the following: Attribution theory deals with how the social perceiver uses information to arrive at causal explanations for events. It examines what information is gathered and how it is combined to form a causal judgment” (Fiske, & Taylor, 1991) (Anon., 2014) It was created by Fritz Heider (1958) and it first found in his book which was called The

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