During times of crisis and danger, what are some common human beliefs and behaviors? In the 1950s, people in America were living in fear of McCarthyism. As communism began to spread in Europe and China, the US government began to blacklist random people that are suspected to be communists. McCarthyism, also known as the “Red Scare”, is a political campaign proposed by Senator Joseph P. McCarthy that aimed to expose communists in the US government. During the period of McCarthyism, thousands of innocent people were being accused as communists and lost their jobs.
In Arthur Miller 's play The Crucible, false accusations and fear are used to imprison and kill many people accused of being witches. In this way, The Crucible stands as an allegory for McCarthy 's communist hunt, during which many people were also killed and imprisoned due to accusations of communism. By comparing McCarthyism to the Salem Witch Trials, Miller is able to communicate that people should not conform to societal trends because these trends may be misleading and cause innocent people to get hurt. Many characters in The Crucible serve as allegories to McCarthy 's communist hunt, specifically Abigail Williams, Giles Corey, and Betty Parris. Abigail is indirectly compared to McCarthy at many points throughout the play.
Humankind, real or fictional, are constantly manipulating each other and looking to others to place blame and hate. The most common victims of this behaviour are the undesirable of society, the outcasts who are easy to hate and condemn. This is an issue that was portrayed by Arthur Miller in The Crucible as a reflection of his own times and horrors of McCarthyism, and still plagues modern society with equally disastrous consequences. In The Crucible, the fear of the devil spread like wildfire throughout the town of Salem, Massachusetts; the first victims of which were the undesirable and distrusted in their society. The accusers attacked those who they knew would be easy to blame, who people would be glad to see hang.
Despite the need for a constant principle of the Puritan life which included the need to purify and cleanse the church of all sin, John Proctor’s affair with Abigail Williams leads him to restrain from questioning and accusing others due to his extensive guilt and hypocrisy, while in contrary Abigail amplifies her sin by using her interminable love for John Proctor to manipulate the court and create a witchcraft hysteria in the town of Salem, in which many innocent people were accused. Although the affair has greatly affected both Abigail and John Proctor’s lives, there is no greater destruction that dwells upon them than the culmination of sin that their affair creates in opposition to the principles of the
The judges knew that the witchcraft was a myth but didn’t do anything about it. Danforth and Hathorne often rejected logical facts and refused to head testimonies proving innocence because so many people were accused. After a while, it became clear to everyone in the town, including the judges, the accusations were false. These judges instead of revealing the truth they clung to their pride and ignored what was happening in front of them. If word got out that they sent several innocent people to their deaths their reputation would be ruined and they would be out of their jobs.
The threat of Communism and the Red Scare put fear of group mentality into many people during the late 1940-50s. The authors of 1984 and The Crucible used their respective works to comment on the social injustice going on in their own lives, which connects to injustice the exists throughout time anywhere in the world. Miller wrote his play, set in 1692, about Puritans and the Salem witch trials because he believed that, similar to his trial for HUAC in the 1950s, the trials in Salem were caused by false accusations and mass hysteria led by powerful individuals. In 1984, Orwell creates a world in the near future that shows group mentality and its threat to conform society with the government. In The Crucible, Arthur Miller illustrates a world
I strongly agree with Robert’s claim. McCarthyism resulted in Americans turning against each other because of politicians greed for power, paranoia, and the fear of communist infiltration. Clearly, Senator McCarthy’s greed for political power led to American citizens’ unrest. In Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible”, John Proctor dealt with the corruption of power in his town when Abigail Williams and many other girls accused those, who were innocent, of witchcraft. Similarly, americans were being blacklisted by McCarthy because they believed these people may have
This was known as The Red Scare. People were terrified of communism spreading to the United States, so when accusations started floating around everyone would believe them. McCarthy accused people of communist behavior, although many were falsely accused, no one knew better than to think they were guilty because of how scared they were of communism spreading. This resembles how certain characters were accused of witchcraft in The Crucible. The Red Scare caused nationwide hysteria just how the Salem Witch Trials caused hysteria to the people of Salem.
Because Cheever arrested Martha Corey for reading books, it is clear that her right of reading books is in threat and that she has faced injustice. In the 1950s, many Hollywood writers and directors became victims of the McCarthy “witch” hunts for their communist views, and they supported each other while they fought against injustice. Giles and Martha Corey spoke out in the right circumstance because their rights were under
The origins of McCarthyism is complicated however the root of it is fear and anxiety within the Republican Party and what kept the red scare or the mccarthyism going was the shocks around the world the hiss trials, the fall of china and he korean war. There were many people who feared communism was gonna spread in united states between 1940s and 1950s after the world war ii and Joseph Mccarthy republican senator from Wisconsin spend five years trying to expose communist parties that were in the united states government and in the midst of the cold war. Two superpower were going head to head, United States vs Soviet Union representing democrats vs communism. The cold war was all about Commuinsm vs United democrats because of all this