The election separated the nation in half and also urged 7 states including South Carolina seceded from United States. From then on, the pro-slavery and anti-slavery were officially against each other, which soon gave rise to the Civil War. In conclusion, the issue of slavery precipitated the Civil War. Uncle Tom’s Cabin gave a strong social effect on opposing slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was the prelude of the Civil War, and the Election of 1860 splitted the nation into two sides, which directly led to the War.
This document written by the government of South Carolina is justifying their succession from the Union. Their reasoning was that the northern states have denied the rights of property which were established in the United States Constitution. The government of South Carolina viewed Lincoln as a threat to slavery, this is evident when they said “ … All the states north of that line have united in the election of a man to the high office of President of the United States whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery.” (Doc 7). This also shows extremism as South Carolina did secede from the union, justifying it.
The Civil War started on April 12, 1861 and lasted until mid-1865. The Civil War arose out of deep disagreements regarding everything from State’s rights, but the primary cause was the contrasting views regarding slavery. While the Southern States supported continued slavery, the Northern States wanted to end this practice. Many scholars believe the Civil War was due to the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, who supported the North, causing the Southern States to split from the United States. During this period, the Southern States considered Jefferson Davis to be their President.
This paper critically examines the Emancipation Proclamation and contemplates its effect through the cases of Plessey v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education and questions whether President Lincoln’s motive of issuing the Emancipation Proclamation was a pure moral objection to slavery. Although the Proclamation is and forever will be a progressive and positive development in American history given the abolition of slavery; I believe that the intention of issuing it was to do more with the defeating the rising Southern military rather than ending slavery due to moral reasons as hugely believed. After the Southern states ultimately withdrew from the Union, he made it clear that the United States Army was fighting to put the Union back together. President Lincoln restated this motivation in the Proclamation itself, describing it as "a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing the rebellion (of the Southern states). " The goal was to force the South to return to the Union, as they were being stripped of their labor force without which survival would become difficult for the Southerners.
Southern soldiers viewed the confederacy as their country and were compelled to fight for the safety of it. Confederate soldiers enlisted to protecting their native lands from what they understood as invaders. The Confederacy sentiments of the Union was they were imposing upon the southern way of life. For instance, a young soldier from Kentucky wrote “sink or swim, survive or perish” (McPherson 11). The average Confederate soldier felt that they the Union was trying to destroy the legacy of the founder fathers by enslaving them and reversing the actions of the American Revolution.
It´s strength and it´s feelings have make it into the speech of the U.S.A reestablish. In 1863 The United Stated were divided into a bloody Civil War between the North States (The Union) and The States of the South (The confederation). The issue was the abolition or not of the Slavery. The president was in favor of the abolition of the slavery. This speech is a kind of exhortation to his nation.
railroads played a vital role in the American Civil War. They allowed the North and South to move men and equipment vast distances to further their own war aims. Because of their strategic value to both sides, they also became focal points of each side 's war efforts. In other words, the North and South both engaged in battles with the design to secure different railroad hubs. For example, Corinth, Mississippi was a key railroad hub which was taken first by the Union a few months after the Battle of Shiloh in May, 1862.
The American Civil War The background and causes. the main cause of the civil war was the that seven states (South Carolina, the Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas) that have declared their secession from the USA and the prime reason for that secession was slavery as the Southern anger at the attempts by Northern antislavery political forces to stop the expansion of slavery into the western lands .although some authors said that the main cause of the civil war was the states right 's in the meaning of The Southern states wanted to make sure on their authority so that they could cancel the federal laws they didn 't support. But this may be the second cause not the prime cause because all the historians agreed that the main cause of the civil war was the slavery.
When the reconstruction period began after the Civil War the Republican set into motion their own plans, restoring rebellious states into the Union and finding a place in society for free slaves. However, there were two major problems standing in their way, the ex-Confederates and President Andrew Johnson. The ex-Confederates were causing trouble by starting riots and trying take political action against freed African Americans, such as during the Memphis Riot in 1866. Johnson, being a Democrat, allied himself with the ex-Confederates because he shared the same beliefs as them regarding freed slaves. They believed that they should be forced to continue working on plantations, which is Johnson enacted the Black Codes, which were meant to force former slaves to work back on plantations.
Radical Republicans sought to readmit the Southern States into the Union by introducing new legislation, allowing for Reconstruction of the South to progress quicker. Radical Republicans proposed the Civil Rights Act and an extension to the Freedmen’s Bureau, which President Andrew Johnson firmly denied through veto. By doing this, President Johnson outraged Northerners thus creating a Congress of primarily Republicans, who immediately enacted the Civil Rights Act and extended the Freedmen’s Bureau. Congress soon passed The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 as an approach of reforming the South.
The initial causes of the outbreak of the Civil War: The Civil War began after the Ordinance of Secession in South Carolina on Dec. 20, 1860. Southerners clung to slavery since it was responsible for the production and wealth of their economy. The North declared slavery "the great moral, social, and political evil of the day." The North’s Republican presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln winning the election in 1860 directly caused the ensuing secession of South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas—even before Lincoln took office.
Lincoln’s official reason for the Civil War was to preserve the Union, why wasn’t the reason for the war to put an end to slavery? Lincoln’s official reason for the Civil War was to preserve the Union at all costs, and not to put an end to slavery. An antislavery declaration would have driven the Border States into the arms of the South. An antislavery war was also extremely unpopular in the region of southern Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. That area had been settled largely by Southerners who had carried their racial prejudices with them when they crossed the Ohio River.
The Thirteenth Amendment took some time to pass. Johnson really didn’t want blacks to have rights. He did everything in his power to make sure African Americans didn’t have freedom. After slavery was abolished the black codes came up in the summer of 1865 in the South. These codes were basically promoting slavery once again but using a different name.
Slavery, political tension, disagreements between the north and south and the split opinions about Abraham Lincoln were components that contributed to the start of the American Civil War. These factors were the catalyst in the beginning of the Civil War. Slavery was the most influential factor that contributed to the beginning of the Civil War. The North’s support to abolish slavery in all American states was viewed as a violation of constitutional rights by the South, thus creating an extreme hatred between the two sides, and ultimately beginning the Civil War. The south, or “the great cotton empire”, was dependant on slavery to keep the large cotton plantations in business.
In 1860 Lincoln was elected president. He promised to end slavery in the country . People in the southern states needed slaves to work on their plantation and they thought Abraham Lincoln was a danger to them. Within a few months southern states broke away from the and formed the Confederate States of America. This led to a long and bloody war between the northern and the southern states, which ended in 1865.(English Online.at)Some people need to be appreciated about what they have done for us.