But, there additional for one of the writer write the principles of the project management which are project goal, project timeline and order and project milestones. These principles of the project management already use long time ago. Nowadays, it is still use this principles as a guidelines for do the projects. Conclusion As the conclusion, the project management is the application of knowledge for the project manager to achieve the objective of the project. In this paper, there are a lot of sources that give a different principle in term of, whether in Information Technology Project Management or Project Management only.
They are both leaders and managers and they are the ones that will closely oversee and manage projects that the company has handed out. While working a project, project managers use the project management life cycle to guide them towards success. The steps in the life cycle include: initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing. Initiating is when the project manager or the PM’s boss will define a new
Following a specific methodology for managing a project, provides the assurance that the job will be done in time, under budget and on specifications. So project management methodology is a must in order to reduce, if not avoid, risks, and is one of the most critical success factors. It can be similar to a guide that helps the team work efficiently through the processes and tasks of the project and the execution of all the phases from the beginning to the end. In other words Project Management Methodology determines the best way to plan, control and deliver a project throughout the continuous implementation process until successful completion and termination. Typically a methodology provides a skeleton for describing each step and detail of
The control stage also begins necessary and need to continuously monitoring form here. The role of project manager is very important to help their team keep track on the activities, solving problems that occur to ensure the performance and progress. For instance, project manager will supervise their staffs, provide the necessary tools and resources for activities. Project manager also will review the performance of the project at the current position and notify stakeholders to take adjustments if there is a change (Miller, 2018).Closure stage, before closing out the project, project manager and team members need to review performance and compare the achievement goals to initial targets. If all the targets are met then the project manager will gather and finalize all results of the project and delivery all document for higher
Explain the role and activities of the project manager in relations to planning and executing the project over its life cycle. According to Haughey (n.d., par.1) "A project manager is a person who has the overall responsibility for the successful initiation, planning, design, execution, monitoring, controlling and closure of a project." The project manager should possess unique skills such as the ability to ask in depth questions, identify hided assumptions and rectify conflicts. A crucial skill of a project manager is to measure and recognize risk that might directly or indirectly affect the success of the project throughout its lifetime (Haughey, n.d.). There are eight key role and activities a project manager should implement over
Abstract Project management consists of various tasks which helps to achieve organizational goals. It is a skill of using resources like time, people and money in order to meet customers’expectations. Project management involves planning, interacting with clients, handing team members. It is important as it gives strategic outputs, unique products or service The assets which are improved due to project management include: revenue, return on investment and net present value. This paper gives an insight on the topics like the importance and role of project management, the difference between portfolio, program and projects, the benefit of studying Project management Body of Knowledge and
Performance Management Process (PMP) There are several researchers who wrote about performance management process in a different approach. However, most of them focussed on the same ideology and concepts. Craemer (2010), effective PMP should encompass a lucid communication of expectations, a well defined instruction, and detailed of responsibilities that supports employee’s development (Craemer, 2010). An effective PMP (Performance Management Process) is a bridge that links between strategic business objectives, employee’s daily responsibilities and tasks (Aguinis, 2014). Moreover, it facilitates managers to measure and evaluate team performance to optimise productivity.
Defining the project activities is the first process. These activities need to be identified and documented. In turn, identifying the work packages, lowest level of the WBS. These packages are simplified into smaller components, called schedule activities to help manage the various elements of the project. Next, the relationships between activities are identified.
One is a project managers must have a full understanding on project goals and agree about it. In detail, they make certain on agreement about the goals and objectives of the project to the management, project sponsors and other stakeholders. Further, project managers should have specific and measurable goals so that it can help the scope of the project. For your information, one of the challenges of handling project is dealing with project scope. So, second characteristic is project managers need to manage the scope of project wisely and effectively.
PROJECT MANAGEMENT PHASES Project Management is an application of learning, abilities, strategies, skills and tools to an expansive scope of activities with a specific end goal to meet the necessities of a project. If the lifecycle of a project gives an abnormal state perspective of the task, the phases are the roadmap to achieving it. The five phases of “Project Management” based on their technological features are classified as initiating, planning, execution, performance/monitoring and closure. Initiating: In the point of investment and construction view the term ‘initiation’ can also be referred as ‘pre-investment’ phase. In the initial phase, the project concept is developed and preliminary works that are identified with the project establishment